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FERNS

Adiantum pedatum Maidenhair Fern
Ht. 12-24". Requires wet to mesic, well-drained, high organic soils. Part shade to shade. Delicate, bright green lacy leaves. Black stems. Excellent in a shady rock or water garden. Zone 3-4.

Athyrium filix-femina Lady Fern
Ht. 18-24". Wet to mesic, well-drained rich loam soils. Part sun to shade Protect from afternoon sun. Soft, fine textured foliage. Vase shaped form. Rhizomatous. Zone 4-5.

Matteuccia struthiopteris Ostrich Fern
Ht. 2-4'. Wet to mesic, acidic loam soils. Full sun to shade. Vase shaped with large feather-like fronds. Wonderful in a massing or as a specimen. Zone 3-4.

Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive Fern
Ht. 1-2'. Moist humus soils. Full sun to shade. Sufficient moisture is necessary in sunny locations. Deeply pinnatifid. Found in marshes and moist meadows. Rhizomatous. Zone 3-5.

Osmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon Fern
Ht. 3-4'. Mesic soils. Part sun to shade. Erect fronds become cinnamon brown. Found in marshes, swamps, and moist forests. Flood tolerant. Zone 3-5.

GRASSES & SEDGES

Andropogon gerardii Big Bluestem
Ht. 3-8' W 18". Wet to dry loam/clay soils. Full sun to part shade.
"Turkey foot" shaped flower/seed head. Bronze-silvery blue fall color. Clump forming. Excellent for erosion control. Warm season. Zone 3-5.

Bouteloua curtipendula Side-Oats Grama
Ht. 2-3
' W 18". Prefers dry-mesic sandy or loam soils. Prefers full sun to partial shade. A classic prairie grass that is excellent for your garden. Perfect for massing with shorter wildflowers and grasses. Clump. Warm season. Zone 3-4.

Calamagrostis canadensis Blue Joint Grass
Ht. 3-5
'. Wet to moist soils. Full sun to light shade. Graceful and attractive seed plumes in Fall. Found in wet prairies and marshes. Cool season. Zone 3-5.

Carex bebbii Bebb's Sedge
Ht. 2-3' W 18". Wet to moist soils. Full sun to part shade. An wonderful, clump forming sedge for wetland restoration, lake shores and rain gardens. An essential food source for many birds and waterfowl. 
Cool season. Zone 3-4.


Carex crinata Fringed Sedge
Ht. 2-5
'. Wet to moist soils. Full sun to part shade. Attractive nodding seed head. Light green arching foliage. Clump forming. Cool season. Zone 4-5.

Carex pennsylvanica Pennsylvania Sedge
Ht. 6-12" x spread. Mesic-dry sand/loam soils. Full sun-
part shade. Graceful arching dark green foliage. Excellent for massing in woodland gardens. Rhizomatous roots. Cool season. Zone 4-5.

Carex sprengelii Sprengel's Sedge
Ht.1-2' W 18". Mesic -wet mesic soils. Full sun to part shade. Long, slender stalks. Often found in sugar maple forests and rich woodlands. Zone 3-4.


Carex stricta Tussock Sedge
Ht. 1-3
'. Wet to moist soils. Full sun. Graceful, fine textured foliage. Clump forming. Useful in wetland and shoreline restoration, as well as raingardens. Cool season. Zone 2-5.

Hierchloe odorata Sweet Grass
Ht. 1-2
' x spread. Wet to moist soils. Full sun. Sweet aromatic fragrance. Leaves are used by Native Americans as incense. Shorter than Canadian species. Rhizomatous. Cool season. Zone 3-7.

Hystrix patula Bottlebrush Grass
Ht. 3-4
' W 12". Mesic, well-drained soil. Full sun to light shade. Attractive seed head. Found along woodland margins. Cool season. Zone 3-5.

Juncus effusus Soft Rush
Ht. 2-4' W 18". Wet to moist soils. Full sun to part shade. Clump forming. Flowered inflorescence appear on the sides of the stems in July-August. Found in wet meadows, marshes and shorelines. Zone 3-4.


Juncus tenuis Path Rush
Ht. 2-14
" W 12". Prefers mesic to dry soils. Full sun to part shade. Rhizomatous. Excellent for making a seamless prairie garden. Cool season. Zone 2-5.

Koeleria macrantha June Grass
Ht. 1-2' W 12". Prefers dry loams or sandy soils. Full sun. Silvery-green seed heads in early summer. Compliments small wildflowers in your garden or prairie. Cool season. Zone 3-5.

Panicum virgatum Switchgrass
Ht. 4-5
' W 18". Prefers wet-mesic to mesic loam soils. Tolerates dry soils. Showy delicate seed heads. Full sun to part shade. Readily self-seeds. Rhizomatous. Warm season. Zone 3-5.

Schizachyrium scoparius Little Bluestem
Ht. 2-3' W 18". Mesic-dry soils. Full sun-part shade. Amber with blue-red cast fall color. Does not over-shadow smaller wildflowers and helps support floppy plants. Warm season. Zone 4-5.

Sorghastrum nutans Indian Grass
Ht. 3-6' W 18".
Wet-mesic to dry loam soils. Full sun-part shade. Clump forming. 6-10" dark golden plume-like flower panicles bloom in August-September. Excellent behind garden borders. Warm season. Zone 3-5.

Spartina pectinata Prairie Cordgrass
Ht. 6-8' W 24". Prefers wet to mesic soils. Full sun to part shade. Tall stout stems with gracefully arching foliage. Forms dense stands in wet prairies and along stream banks. Bright golden color in autumn. Zone 4-5.

Sporobolus heterolepis Prairie Dropseed
Ht. 2-4' W 24". Mesic-dry sand/loam soils. Full sun-part shade. Fine-textured leaves form fountain-like hummock. Excellent for garden borders or massing. Warm season. Zone 3-5.

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