58 Deciduous Trees
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Deciduous Trees
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Red Maple Acer rubrum 60' 40'-50' full part Wet to Mesic April-May Pink Magenta Red Yellow May-June Red samara Red Orange 3-6 Deer Resistant Shade Tree
Silver Maple Acer saccharinum 60'-80' 40'-60' full part High to Medium Wet to Wet-Mesic March-April Red May-June samara Yellow 3-7 Deer Resistant
Sugar Maple Acer saccharum 60' 40'-50' full part Medium Wet-Mesic April-June Yellow August-October samara sap Red Orange Yellow 3-5 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree
Black Sugar Maple Acer saccharum nigrum 60'-75' 40'-60' full part Medium Wet-Mesic to Dry April-May Yellow September-October samara sap Red Orange Yellow 4-8 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree
Mountain Maple Acer spicatum 20'-30' 15'-25' full part shade Medium Wet-Mesic May-July Yellow Green August-September Magenta Red samara Red Orange 2-4 Buckthorn Replacement
Speckled Alder Alnus rugosa 15'-20' 15'-20' full part Wet to Mesic March-May July-October Brown samara Yellow Bird 2-5 Buckthorn Replacement
Downy Serviceberry Amelanchier arborea 15'-25' 10'-15' full part Mesic to Dry April-May White June-July Red Blue Purple Black pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird 3 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Allegheny Serviceberry Amelanchier laevis 15'-25' 10'-15' full part Medium Mesic April-May White June-July Red Purple pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Apple Serviceberry ref Amelanchier x grandiflora White Red pome fruit Bird Ornamental Garden
Autumn Brilliance Serviceberry Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Autumn Brilliance' 15'-25' 15'-25' full part Medium April White Red pome fruit Red Orange Bird Ornamental Garden
Yellow Birch Betula alleghaniensis 60'-70' 30' full part Medium May-June August-September samara Yellow 2-4 Shade Tree
Bog Birch out Betula glandulifera 6'-9' 5'-9' full part Wet to Mesic April-May August-September samara Red 2-4
River Birch Betula nigra 50'-60' 35'-40' full part Medium Wet to Mesic April-May May-June samara Yellow 4-8
Paper Birch Betula papyrifera 50'-60' 35'-40' full part Medium to Low April-June August-September samara Yellow 2-4 Shade Tree
Blue Beech (Musclewood) Carpinus caroliniana 20'-30' 20'-30' full part shade High to Medium Wet-Mesic May Red Green nutlet Red Orange Yellow 2-8 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Bitternut Hickory Carya cordiformis 50'-75' 50'-75' full part Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-June August-September nut Yellow 2-7 Shade Tree
Shagbark Hickory Carya ovata 50'-75' 25'-35' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry May-June August-September nut fruit Yellow Bronze 4-7
Northern Catalpa Catalpa speciosa 40'-60' 20'-40' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry White Brown pod Yellow Brown Bronze Bird 4-8 Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Hackberry Celtis occidentalis 50'-75' 50'-75' full part Medium to Low Mesic to Dry April-May Yellow Green August-September Red Purple Brown drupe Yellow Bird 3-5 Shade Tree
Redbud (MN Strain) Cercis canadensis 20'-30' 25'-35' full part Medium Pink Magenta Yellow Ornamental Garden
Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia 15'-20' 20'-25' full part shade Medium Mesic White Black berry Red Maroon Purple Bird 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Cockspur Hawthorn out Crataegus crus-galli 20'-30' 20'-30' full Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic White Red berry fruit Red Bird 4-6 Ornamental Garden
Fleshy (Long-Thorned) Hawthorn ref Crataegus macracantha 6'-20' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June White Red pome fruit Orange Yellow Bronze Bird Buckthorn Replacement
Downy Hawthorn ref Crataegus mollis 20'-35' 25' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic White Red Orange Yellow pome Red Yellow Maroon Bronze Bird
Green Ash ref Fraxinus pennsylvanica Yellow Bronze
Blue Ash ref Fraxinus quadrangulata 50'-75' 35'-60' full Medium to Low Yellow
Kentucky Coffeetree Gymnocladus dioicus 60'-75' 40'-50' full High to Medium Wet to Mesic Yellow Green Black pod Yellow 4-6 Shade Tree
Butternut Juglans cinerea 40'-60' 30'-50' full Wet-Mesic to Mesic Yellow Green September-October Yellow nut fruit Yellow Brown Bronze 3-7
Black Walnut Juglans nigra 50'-75' 50'-75' full Medium Wet-Mesic Yellow Green September-October Green Brown nut fruit Yellow 4-7
Sweet Crabapple Malus coronaria 15'-30' 20'-30' full part Medium Wet-Mesic Pink White Yellow Green pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bronze Bird 4-7 Fragrant Garden
Prairie Crab Malus ioensis 20'-35' 20'-35' full Low Wet-Mesic to Dry Pink Yellow Green pome fruit Red Green Maroon Bird 4-5 Fragrant Garden
Red Mulberry ref Morus rubra June-August Red Purple Black berry fruit Yellow Bird
Ironwood Ostrya virginiana 35'-50' 20'-35' full part shade Wet-Mesic to Dry Red Green Brown Green White Brown Cream pod Yellow 4-7 Buckthorn Replacement
American Sycamore Platanus occidentalis 75'-100' 50' full part High Wet-Mesic March-April Red Yellow Green Brown Orange Brown Brown Bird 5-9 Deer Resistant
Balsam Poplar Populus balsamifera 60'-70' 30'-35' full Wet-Mesic April-May Orange Yellow Bronze 2-7 Fragrant Garden
Cottonwood Populus deltoides 75'-100' 75'-100' full Wet to Mesic-Dry March-April Red Green Yellow 3-7
Bigtooth Aspen Populus grandidentata 50'-60' 20'-40' full High to Medium Wet to Wet-Mesic April-May Yellow 3-5
Quaking Aspen Populus tremuloides 40'-50' 20'-35' full High to Medium Wet to Wet-Mesic Yellow 2-5
American Plum Prunus americana 20'-35' 20'-35' full Medium Mesic White August-September Red Purple drupe fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird Bee 3-7 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
Pin Cherry (Fire Cherry) Prunus pensylvanica 20'-35' 10'-20' full High to Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-June White July-August Red drupe fruit Red Orange Bird 2 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Wild Black Cherry Prunus serotina 50'-60' 23'-30' full part High to Low Wet-Mesic to Dry White August-September Black drupe fruit Orange Yellow Bird 3-7 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree Fragrant Garden
Common Chokecherry Prunus virginiana 20'-35' 12'-15' full part Medium to Low Wet-Mesic to Dry August-September White Purple Black drupe fruit Orange Yellow Bird 2-5 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
Wafer Ash ref Ptelea trifoliata 15'-20' 10'-20' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry June Green White Deer Resistant
White Oak Quercus alba 60'-80' 60'-80' full Medium to Low Mesic to Dry nut Red Maroon 4-7 Deer Resistant Shade Tree
Swamp White Oak Quercus bicolor 50'-60' 50'-60' full High to Medium Wet to Wet-Mesic nut Orange Yellow 4-5 Deer Resistant Shade Tree
Northern Pin Oak Quercus ellipsoidalis 50'-75' 35'-55' full Medium nut Red 3-4 Shade Tree
Bur Oak Quercus macrocarpa 60'-80' 60'-80' full Medium to Low Green nut Yellow 3-8 Deer Resistant Shade Tree
Chinquapin (Chinkapin) Oak Quercus muehlenbergii 40'-60' 50'-70' full Medium to Low Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry April Yellow Green nut fruit Yellow Brown Shade Tree
Red Oak Quercus rubra 60'-80' 40'-50' full part Medium Mesic nut Red 4-7 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree
Black Oak Quercus velutina 50'-60' 50'-60' full Medium to Low April-May Yellow Green nut Red Yellow Maroon
Peachleaf Willow Salix amygdaloides 35'-50' 35'-50' full High to Medium Wet Yellow 3-5
Bebb's Willow Salix bebbiana 10'-20' 6'-10' full part Wet to Mesic-Dry Yellow Green Brown 2-5
Black Willow Salix nigra 35'-50' 20'-35' full High to Medium Wet to Mesic Yellow Green 3-8 Buckthorn Replacement
Showy Mountain Ash Sorbus decora 20'-35' 15'-25' full High to Medium Wet to Mesic White Red Orange pome Red Orange Yellow Bird 2-4 Ornamental Garden
American Basswood Tilia americana 50'-60' 30'-40' full part High to Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic Yellow Cream Yellow 3-6 Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree Fragrant Garden
St. Croix American Elm out Ulmus americana 'St. Croix' 60'-75' 70'-90' full Medium to Low Yellow
Red Elm low Ulmus rubra 36'-60' 36'-60' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry Yellow
Prickly Ash out Zanthoxylum americanum 10'-35' 10'-20' full Mesic to Dry April-May Yellow Green Red berry Orange Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee 3-5 Deer Resistant