254 In-Stock Selections
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Evergreen Shrubs
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Common Juniper Juniperus communis depressa 2'-5' 10'-20' full Low Dry May-June Blue cone fruit Bronze 3-4 Fragrant Garden
Common Juniper 'Blueberry Delight' Juniperus communis depressa 'AmiDak' 1'-2' 4' full Blue cone fruit Fragrant Garden
Spreading Juniper Juniperus horizontalis 6"-8" 6'-12' full part Medium to Low Blue cone fruit Blue Purple 2-4 Fragrant Garden Groundcover
Canada Yew Taxus canadensis 1'-5' 8' full part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic Red aril Deer
Evergreen / Coniferous Trees
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Balsam Fir Abies balsamea 50' 20' full part shade Medium Wet to Mesic May-June cone 2-4 Fragrant Garden
Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana 45' 15'-20' full Medium to Low Blue cone fruit Maroon Purple Bird 3-7 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden
Tamarack Larix laricina 60' 30'-35' full Medium Wet to Mesic cone Yellow 2-4 Ornamental Garden
White Spruce Picea glauca 50' 12'-16' full High to Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic cone 2-4 Deer Resistant
Black Spruce Picea mariana 50' 10'-15' full part High to Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic cone 2-4 Deer Resistant
Jack Pine Pinus banksiana 50' 20'-35' full Medium cone 2-3
Red Pine Pinus resinosa 75' 35'-55' full Medium to Low Mesic to Dry cone 2-4 Deer Resistant
White Pine Pinus strobus 65'-75' 35'-55' full part Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic cone 3-7
Northern White Cedar Thuja occidentalis 45'-60' 10'-12' full part Wet-Mesic cone 2-4 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
Canadian Hemlock low Tsuga canadensis 55'-60' 30'-35' full part shade Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic cone 3-4 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden
Ferns
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Lady Fern Athyrium filix-femina 1'6"-2' part shade Wet to Mesic 4-5
Glade Fern Diplazium pycnocarpon 1'6"-3' part Wet-Mesic
Oak Fern Gymnocarpium dryopteris 6"-1' 1' part shade Wet to Mesic Deer Resistant Groundcover
Ostrich Fern Matteuccia struthiopteris 2'-4' full part shade Wet to Mesic 3-4
Royal Fern Osmunda regalis 3'-5' full part Wet to Mesic
Christmas Fern Polystichum acrostichoides 2'-3' 1'-3' part shade Mesic to Dry 3-8 Groundcover
Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Big Bluestem Andropogon gerardii 3'-8' 1'6" full part Wet-Mesic to Dry Bronze Silver Blue 3-5
Side Oats Grama Bouteloua curtipendula 2'-3' 1'6" full part Mesic to Dry 3-4
Blue Grama Bouteloua gracilis 6"-1'6" 1' full part Mesic-Dry to Dry Green Purple
Bebb's Oval Sedge Carex bebbii 2'-3' 1'6" full part Wet to Wet-Mesic Bird 3-4
Prairie Sedge Carex bicknellii 3' full part Mesic to Dry
Longhair Sedge Carex comosa 2'-4' 1'6"-2' full part High to Medium
Fringed Sedge Carex crinita 2'-5' full part Wet to Wet-Mesic June-August 4-5
Porcupine Sedge Carex hysteriana 1'-2' 1'-1'6" full part Wet to Wet-Mesic
Common Lake Sedge Carex lacustris 1'6"-4' full part shade High Wet May-July Brown
Hop Sedge Carex lupulina 2'-3' 2'+ full part Wet to Wet-Mesic
Palm (Swamp Oval) Sedge Carex muskingumensis 2'-3' 1' full part shade Wet-Mesic May-June Green 4-7 Deer Resistant Groundcover
Pennsylvania Sedge Carex pennsylvanica 6"-12' full part shade Mesic to Dry 4-5 Groundcover
Tussock Sedge Carex stricta 1'-3' 1'6" full High Wet to Wet-Mesic 2-5
Sweet Grass Hierochloe odorata 1'-2' full Wet to Wet-Mesic 3-7 Fragrant Garden
Bottlebrush Grass Hystrix patula 3'-4' 1' full part Mesic 3-5
Soft Rush Juncus effusus 2'-4' 1'-2' full part Wet to Mesic June-July Green July-August 3-4
Path Rush Juncus tenuis 4"-1'4" 1' full part Mesic to Dry Brown 2-5 Groundcover
June Grass Koeleria macrantha 1'-2' 1' full Medium to Low Dry May-June Green Silver 3-5
Little Bluestem Schizachyrium scoparius 2'-3' 1'6" full part Mesic to Dry Red Yellow Bronze Blue 4-5
Wool Grass Scirpus cyperinus 3'-5' 2'-3' full High to Medium Brown
Prairie Dropseed Sporobolus heterolepis 2'-4' 2' full part Mesic to Dry seeds Butterfly 3-5 Fragrant Garden
Porcupine Grass Stipa spartea 3'-4' 1'6"-2' full part Mesic to Dry May-June Butterfly
Deciduous Shrubs
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Regent Serviceberry Amelanchier alnifolia 'Regent' 4'-6' 5'-6' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June White June-July Blue Purple Black pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird 3-7 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Inland Serviceberry Amelanchier interior 15'-30' full part Mesic-Dry to Dry April-June White June-July Purple Black pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird Buckthorn Replacement
Running Serviceberry Amelanchier stolonifera 3'-4' 5' full part Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry White June-July Blue Purple pome fruit Yellow Bird 3-4
Leadplant Amorpha canescens 2'-3' 2'-3' full part Mesic to Dry June-August Purple August-October pod Yellow Butterfly Bee 3-5 Deer Resistant
False Indigo Amorpha fruticosa 8'-10' 10'-12' full part High to Low Wet-Mesic April-July Purple Violet August-September Brown pod Yellow Butterfly Bee 3-5 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden
Glossy Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa 4'-6' 4'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-July White July-October Blue Black pome fruit Red Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Native Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa 'Rusk Co.' 5' 5'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-July White July-October Blue Black pome fruit Red Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
New Jersey Tea Ceanothus americanus 2'-3' 3'-5' full Mesic-Dry to Dry June-August White August-September Orange Black drupe leaves Yellow Butterfly Bee Deer Bumblebee 3-5 Ornamental Garden
Red Root / Narrow-Leaf New Jersey Tea Ceanothus ovatus 3' 1'6"-3' full part Mesic-Dry to Dry June White June-July Orange Black drupe Yellow Butterfly Bee Deer Bumblebee Ornamental Garden
Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis 6'-12' 6'-12' full part High to Medium Wet to Mesic June-August White Brown nutlet Yellow Brown Bird Bee 4-5 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden
Sweet Fern Comptonia peregrina 2'-3' 4'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Dry Green Brown nutlet leaves Red Yellow Brown 2-4 Fragrant Garden
Silky Dogwood Cornus amomum 6'-12' 6'-12' full High to Medium Wet-Mesic June-July White Blue berry Red Orange Yellow Maroon Bronze Purple Bird 4-5 Ornamental Garden
Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa 8'-12' 6'-10' full part Medium Mesic to Mesic-Dry June-July White August-September White berry Red Maroon Purple Bird 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement
Roundleaf Dogwood Cornus rugosa 6'-10' 8'-12' part shade Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-July White Cream August-September Blue berry Magenta Red Yellow Maroon Bronze Bird 2-5 Buckthorn Replacement
Red-Twigged Dogwood Cornus sericea 6'-12' 6'-12' full part High to Medium Wet-Mesic May-August White White berry Red Yellow Maroon Purple Bird 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
American Hazelnut Corylus americana 6'-12' 6'-12' full part Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry May Green Brown Maroon August-September Brown nut fruit Red Orange Maroon Bronze 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement
Beaked Hazelnut Corylus cornuta 6'-12' 6'-12' part shade May Brown Maroon August-September Brown nut fruit Yellow 2-3 Buckthorn Replacement
Bronzeleaf Diervilla Diervilla lonicera 3'-4' 3'+ full part Medium to Low Mesic to Dry June-July Yellow Red Orange Bronze Bee Bumblebee 2-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Leatherwood Dirca palustris 3'-6' 3'-6' shade March-April Yellow White Cream May-June Green Black drupe Yellow Bee 3-5 Ornamental Garden
Eastern Wahoo Euonymus atropurpurea 12'-20' 15'-20' full part Medium Mesic June Red Purple Maroon August-September Red berry Magenta Red Bird Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Wintergreen Gaultheria procumbens 6" 6"+ part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-August White Red berry Red 3-4 Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden Groundcover
Common Witch Hazel Hamamelis virginiana 20'-30' 25'-35' full part shade Mesic Yellow Yellow 4-7 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
St. John's Wort Hypericum kalmianum 2'-3' 3'-4' full part Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic Yellow July-August Red Orange Yellow 4-5
Winterberry Ilex verticillata 6'-10' 6'-8' full part High Wet-Mesic May-July Green White Cream Red berry Yellow Maroon Butterfly Bird 3-7 Deer Resistant Ornamental Garden
Common Ninebark Physocarpus opulifolius 8'-10' 8'-10' full Wet-Mesic to Dry July Pink White Red berry Maroon Purple 2-5 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Bush Cinquefoil / Native Potentilla Potentilla fruticosa 2'-4' 2'-4' full part Medium Wet to Mesic July-September Yellow Yellow Brown Ornamental Garden
Fragrant Sumac Rhus aromatica 5'-6' 6'-8' full part Medium to Low Mesic to Dry May Yellow Red berry Red Butterfly Bird 4-5 Deer Resistant Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Gro-Low Sumac Rhus aromatica 'Gro-Low' 1'-2' 6'-7' full part Medium to Low Mesic to Dry May Yellow Red berry Red Orange Butterfly Bird 4-5 Deer Resistant Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Smooth Sumac Rhus glabra 6'-8' 10'-12' full Dry June-July Yellow Green July-September Red Red Bird 3-4
Staghorn Sumac Rhus typhina 10'-12' 10'-12' full part Medium to Low June-July Green August-September Red Red Bird 3-5
Missouri Gooseberry Ribes missouriensis 3'-6' 3'-6' full part shade Medium to Low Mesic to Dry April-June Green White Cream July-August Purple Black berry fruit Magenta Red Orange Yellow Maroon Purple Bird Bee 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
Meadow Rose Rosa blanda 3'-6' 6'-8' full part Medium to Low Mesic to Dry June-July Pink July-September Red hip fruit, flowers Red Butterfly Bee Bumblebee 3-4 Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Carolina Rose Rosa carolina 2'-3' 6'-7' full part Low Wet-Mesic to Dry May-June Pink Red hip fruit, flowers Red Orange Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee Bumblebee 3-6 Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Swamp Rose Rosa palustris 5'-8' 5'-8' full part High to Medium Wet-Mesic June-July Pink Red Orange hip fruit, flowers Red Butterfly Bee Bumblebee 3-5 Deer Resistant Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Prairie Rose Rosa setigera 6'-10' 8'-10' full Mesic Pink Red Orange hip fruit, flowers Red Orange Butterfly Bee Bumblebee Deer Resistant Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Northern Raspberry Rubus idaeus canadensis 3'-6' 6'-12' full part Medium White July-August Red berry fruit Red Yellow Maroon Purple Bird Bee 4
Thimbleberry low Rubus parviflorus 4'-6' 3'+ part Wet-Mesic White July-August Red berry fruit Red Orange Yellow Maroon Bronze Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement
Pussy Willow Salix discolor 15'-20' 10'-12' full Medium Wet to Wet-Mesic April-May Green Silver Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee 2-5 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Prairie Willow Salix humilis microphyllus 3'-6' 3'-6' full High Wet to Dry March-May Yellow Green Purple Brown Brown Yellow Bird Bee Bumblebee 3
Sandbar Willow Salix interior 6'-20' full Wet to Wet-Mesic May-July Yellow 3-4
Slender Willow Salix petiolaris 6'-12' 6'-15' full part Wet to Wet-Mesic April-May May-June Yellow 3
American Elder Sambucus canadensis 8'-10' 8'-10' full Wet to Mesic-Dry June White August-September Blue Purple Black berry fruit, flowers Yellow Bird 3-7 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Red-Berried Elder Sambucus pubens 10'-12' 10'-12' full part High Wet-Mesic May-June White Cream June-August Red Orange berry Yellow Butterfly Bird Hummingbird 4-6 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Silver Buffaloberry Shepherdia argentea 8'-10' 8'-10' full Wet-Mesic to Mesic Yellow August-September Red drupe fruit Yellow Bird 2-5 Deer Resistant
Meadowsweet Spiraea alba 3'-6' 3'-6' full Wet-Mesic July White Red Orange Yellow Bee 3-4 Deer Resistant Ornamental Garden
White Snowberry Symphoricarpos albus 3'-4' 4'-5' full part Medium to Low Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-July White September-November White berry Yellow Moth Bird 2-5 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Red Snowberry / Coralberry Symphoricarpos orbiculatus 3'-4' 4'-6' full part Wet to Dry Green White Pink Magenta Red berry Yellow Bird 2-7 Ornamental Garden
Common Lowbush Blueberry Vaccinium angustifolium 1'-2' 1'-2' full part Medium Mesic May-June White July-September Blue berry fruit Red Maroon Bird Bee 2-3 Groundcover
Arrowwood Viburnum Viburnum dentatum 6'-10' 6'-10' full part Medium Wet-Mesic May-June White Blue Black berry Magenta Red Orange Yellow Maroon Butterfly Bird 2-8 Ornamental Garden
Nannyberry Viburnum Viburnum lentago 12'-20' 8'-20' full part Medium Mesic May-June White August-September Black berry fruit Maroon Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
American Highbush Cranberry Viburnum trilobum 6'-10' 6'-10' full part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June White September-February Red berry fruit Red Maroon Beetle Bird Fly Bee 2-5 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Soapweed Yucca low Yucca glauca 2'-3' 2'-3' full Low July White Cream Moth 4 Ornamental Garden
Deciduous Trees
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Red Maple Acer rubrum 60' 40'-50' full part Wet to Mesic April-May Pink Magenta Red Yellow May-June Red samara Red Orange 3-6 Deer Resistant Shade Tree
Silver Maple Acer saccharinum 60'-80' 40'-60' full part High to Medium Wet to Wet-Mesic March-April Red May-June samara Yellow 3-7 Deer Resistant
Sugar Maple Acer saccharum 60' 40'-50' full part Medium Wet-Mesic April-June Yellow August-October samara sap Red Orange Yellow 3-5 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree
Black Sugar Maple Acer saccharum nigrum 60'-75' 40'-60' full part Medium Wet-Mesic to Dry April-May Yellow September-October samara sap Red Orange Yellow 4-8 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree
Mountain Maple Acer spicatum 20'-30' 15'-25' full part shade Medium Wet-Mesic May-July Yellow Green August-September Magenta Red samara Red Orange 2-4 Buckthorn Replacement
Speckled Alder Alnus rugosa 15'-20' 15'-20' full part Wet to Mesic March-May July-October Brown samara Yellow Bird 2-5 Buckthorn Replacement
Downy Serviceberry Amelanchier arborea 15'-25' 10'-15' full part Mesic to Dry April-May White June-July Red Blue Purple Black pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird 3 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Allegheny Serviceberry Amelanchier laevis 15'-25' 10'-15' full part Medium Mesic April-May White June-July Red Purple pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Autumn Brilliance Serviceberry Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Autumn Brilliance' 15'-25' 15'-25' full part Medium April White Red pome fruit Red Orange Bird Ornamental Garden
Yellow Birch Betula alleghaniensis 60'-70' 30' full part Medium May-June August-September samara Yellow 2-4 Shade Tree
River Birch Betula nigra 50'-60' 35'-40' full part Medium Wet to Mesic April-May May-June samara Yellow 4-8
Paper Birch Betula papyrifera 50'-60' 35'-40' full part Medium to Low April-June August-September samara Yellow 2-4 Shade Tree
Blue Beech (Musclewood) Carpinus caroliniana 20'-30' 20'-30' full part shade High to Medium Wet-Mesic May Red Green nutlet Red Orange Yellow 2-8 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Bitternut Hickory Carya cordiformis 50'-75' 50'-75' full part Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-June August-September nut Yellow 2-7 Shade Tree
Shagbark Hickory Carya ovata 50'-75' 25'-35' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry May-June August-September nut fruit Yellow Bronze 4-7
Northern Catalpa Catalpa speciosa 40'-60' 20'-40' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry White Brown pod Yellow Brown Bronze Bird 4-8 Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Hackberry Celtis occidentalis 50'-75' 50'-75' full part Medium to Low Mesic to Dry April-May Yellow Green August-September Red Purple Brown drupe Yellow Bird 3-5 Shade Tree
Redbud (MN Strain) Cercis canadensis 20'-30' 25'-35' full part Medium Pink Magenta Yellow Ornamental Garden
Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia 15'-20' 20'-25' full part shade Medium Mesic White Black berry Red Maroon Purple Bird 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Kentucky Coffeetree Gymnocladus dioicus 60'-75' 40'-50' full High to Medium Wet to Mesic Yellow Green Black pod Yellow 4-6 Shade Tree
Butternut Juglans cinerea 40'-60' 30'-50' full Wet-Mesic to Mesic Yellow Green September-October Yellow nut fruit Yellow Brown Bronze 3-7
Black Walnut Juglans nigra 50'-75' 50'-75' full Medium Wet-Mesic Yellow Green September-October Green Brown nut fruit Yellow 4-7
Sweet Crabapple Malus coronaria 15'-30' 20'-30' full part Medium Wet-Mesic Pink White Yellow Green pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bronze Bird 4-7 Fragrant Garden
Prairie Crab Malus ioensis 20'-35' 20'-35' full Low Wet-Mesic to Dry Pink Yellow Green pome fruit Red Green Maroon Bird 4-5 Fragrant Garden
Ironwood Ostrya virginiana 35'-50' 20'-35' full part shade Wet-Mesic to Dry Red Green Brown Green White Brown Cream pod Yellow 4-7 Buckthorn Replacement
American Sycamore Platanus occidentalis 75'-100' 50' full part High Wet-Mesic March-April Red Yellow Green Brown Orange Brown Brown Bird 5-9 Deer Resistant
Balsam Poplar Populus balsamifera 60'-70' 30'-35' full Wet-Mesic April-May Orange Yellow Bronze 2-7 Fragrant Garden
Cottonwood Populus deltoides 75'-100' 75'-100' full Wet to Mesic-Dry March-April Red Green Yellow 3-7
Bigtooth Aspen Populus grandidentata 50'-60' 20'-40' full High to Medium Wet to Wet-Mesic April-May Yellow 3-5
Quaking Aspen Populus tremuloides 40'-50' 20'-35' full High to Medium Wet to Wet-Mesic Yellow 2-5
American Plum Prunus americana 20'-35' 20'-35' full Medium Mesic White August-September Red Purple drupe fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird Bee 3-7 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
Pin Cherry (Fire Cherry) Prunus pensylvanica 20'-35' 10'-20' full High to Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-June White July-August Red drupe fruit Red Orange Bird 2 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Wild Black Cherry Prunus serotina 50'-60' 23'-30' full part High to Low Wet-Mesic to Dry White August-September Black drupe fruit Orange Yellow Bird 3-7 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree Fragrant Garden
Common Chokecherry Prunus virginiana 20'-35' 12'-15' full part Medium to Low Wet-Mesic to Dry August-September White Purple Black drupe fruit Orange Yellow Bird 2-5 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
White Oak Quercus alba 60'-80' 60'-80' full Medium to Low Mesic to Dry nut Red Maroon 4-7 Deer Resistant Shade Tree
Swamp White Oak Quercus bicolor 50'-60' 50'-60' full High to Medium Wet to Wet-Mesic nut Orange Yellow 4-5 Deer Resistant Shade Tree
Northern Pin Oak Quercus ellipsoidalis 50'-75' 35'-55' full Medium nut Red 3-4 Shade Tree
Bur Oak Quercus macrocarpa 60'-80' 60'-80' full Medium to Low Green nut Yellow 3-8 Deer Resistant Shade Tree
Chinquapin (Chinkapin) Oak Quercus muehlenbergii 40'-60' 50'-70' full Medium to Low Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry April Yellow Green nut fruit Yellow Brown Shade Tree
Red Oak Quercus rubra 60'-80' 40'-50' full part Medium Mesic nut Red 4-7 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree
Black Oak Quercus velutina 50'-60' 50'-60' full Medium to Low April-May Yellow Green nut Red Yellow Maroon
Peachleaf Willow Salix amygdaloides 35'-50' 35'-50' full High to Medium Wet Yellow 3-5
Bebb's Willow Salix bebbiana 10'-20' 6'-10' full part Wet to Mesic-Dry Yellow Green Brown 2-5
Black Willow Salix nigra 35'-50' 20'-35' full High to Medium Wet to Mesic Yellow Green 3-8 Buckthorn Replacement
Showy Mountain Ash Sorbus decora 20'-35' 15'-25' full High to Medium Wet to Mesic White Red Orange pome Red Orange Yellow Bird 2-4 Ornamental Garden
American Basswood Tilia americana 50'-60' 30'-40' full part High to Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic Yellow Cream Yellow 3-6 Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree Fragrant Garden
Red Elm low Ulmus rubra 36'-60' 36'-60' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry Yellow
Vines
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
American Bittersweet Celastrus scandens 3'-35' 6'-12' full part Mesic to Dry May-June Green White September-October Orange Yellow berry Yellow Bird 2-4 Deer Resistant
Virgin's Bower Clematis virginiana 12'-15' 6'-8' full part Wet to Mesic July-August White Cream August-September 3-5 Deer Resistant Groundcover
Yellow Vine Honeysuckle Lonicera prolifera 10'-15' 4'-8' full part shade Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June Yellow Cream Red Orange berry Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 4 Groundcover
Virginia Creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia 50' full part shade Low Wet-Mesic May-June Green September Blue Black berry Red Maroon Bird 2-6 Deer Resistant Groundcover
Bristly Greenbrier Smilax tamnoides hispida 10'-30' part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June Yellow Green Blue Black berry Yellow Bronze
Riverbank Grape Vitis riparia 35'-75' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry May-June August-September Blue Purple berry fruit Yellow Bird 2-6 Deer Resistant
Wildflowers
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Yarrow Achillea millefolium 1'-3' 2'-3' full part Mesic to Dry June-September White Deer Resistant
Sweet Flag Acorus calamus 3'-4' 1'+ full High Wet to Wet-Mesic June-July Yellow Brown Brown 4-5 Fragrant Garden
Fragrant Hyssop Agastache foeniculum 2'-4' 1'-2' full part Mesic to Dry June-August Purple Violet Lavender leaves Butterfly Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird 3-5 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Nodding Onion Allium cernuum 1'-2' 6"-1' full part July-August Pink leaves, shoots, bulbs Bee Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Prairie Onion Allium stellatum 1'-1'4" 4"-8" full part Mesic to Dry July-August Pink leaves, shoots, bulbs Bee 3-5 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Wild Leek Allium tricoccum 8" 4"-8" part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry June-July White leaves, shoots, bulbs Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Canada Mayflower Anemone canadensis 1'-2' 1'+ full part Wet-Mesic May-June White 3-4 Groundcover
Rue Anemone Anemonella thalictroides 4"-6" 1' part shade Mesic April-May Pink 4 Groundcover
Prairie Pussy Toes Antennaria neglecta 4" 6"+ full part Low Mesic to Dry April-June White Butterfly 3-5 Groundcover
Wild Columbine Aquilegia canadensis 1'-3' 1' full part Mesic to Dry April-May Red Yellow Butterfly Bird Hummingbird 3-4
Spikenard Aralia racemosa 3'-7' 3'-4' part shade High to Medium July White Red Purple berry Yellow
Prairie Sage Artemisia ludoviciana 2'-3' 1'6"+ full part Medium to Low Mesic to Dry July-September Green 4
Poke Milkweed Asclepias exaltata 3'-5' part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic June-August Green White Cream June-August pod Butterfly
Marsh/Red Milkweed Asclepias incarnata 3'-4' 1' full Wet to Mesic July Pink pod Yellow Maroon Purple Butterfly Beetle Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee 3-5 Fragrant Garden
Butterfly Milkweed Asclepias tuberosa 2'-3' 1' full part Mesic to Dry July-August Orange pod Yellow Butterfly Beetle Bee Bumblebee 3-5
Whorled/White Milkweed Asclepias verticillata 2' 6"+ full part Mesic to Dry July-September White pod Yellow Butterfly
Heartleaf Aster low Aster cordifolius 2'-4' 1' part Mesic September-October Blue Lavender Butterfly 3-4
Smooth Blue Aster Aster laevis 3'-5' 1'-2' full part Mesic to Dry August-October Blue Lavender leaves Butterfly 3-5
Large-Leaved Aster Aster macrophyllus 2'-3' 1'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic September-October Blue White Lavender Butterfly Groundcover
New England Aster Aster novae-angliae 4'-5' 2' full part Wet-Mesic September-October Magenta Purple Butterfly 4
Aromatic Aster Aster oblongifolius 1'-2' 1'+ full Low Dry September-October Purple Butterfly 4 Fragrant Garden Groundcover
Sky Blue Aster Aster oolentangiensis (azureus) 2'-4' 1' full part Mesic to Dry August-October Blue Lavender Butterfly 4-5
White Upland Aster Aster ptarmicoides 1'-2' 1' full Low Dry July-September White Butterfly 3-5
Silky Aster Aster sericeus 1'-2' 1'6" full Dry August-October Purple Lavender Butterfly 3-4
Ground Plum Astragalus crassicarpus 6"-1' 1' full Low Dry April-May Pink Magenta Purple Red Purple pod fruit Groundcover
White Indigo Baptisia alba 4' 2' full part Mesic to Mesic-Dry June-July White Green Black pod Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 4 Rabbit Resistant
Blue Indigo Baptisia australis 3'-4' 3' full part Wet-Mesic June-July Blue Violet Green Black pod Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 4-7 Rabbit Resistant
Cream Indigo Baptisia leucophaea 3'-4' 2' full part Mesic to Dry May-June Cream Green Black pod Bee Rabbit Resistant
Hairy Wood Mint Blephilia hirsuta 1'4"-2'6" 1'+ part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic June-September Purple White Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Marsh Marigold Caltha palustris 6"-1' 1' full part Wet April-May Yellow 3-4
Wild Hyacinth Camassia scilloides 2' 8"-1' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-June Blue bulbs 4-8
Harebell Campanula rotundifolia 1'-2' 6" full part June-September Purple Lavender 3-4
Partridge Pea Chamaechrista fasciculata 6"-3' 1' full part Mesic to Dry July-September Yellow Brown pod Ant Bee Bumblebee Groundcover
Lance-leaf Coreopsis Coreopsis lanceolata 1'6"-3' 1' full Low Mesic to Dry May-July Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee Bumblebee
Prairie Coreopsis Coreopsis palmata 1'-2' 1'+ full part Mesic to Dry June-July Yellow 3-5
White Prairie Clover Dalea candida 1'-3' 1' full Mesic to Dry June-July White
Dutchman's Breeches Dicentra cucullaria 6"-1' 1' part shade Wet-Mesic April-May White Bee Bumblebee 3-5 Groundcover
Shooting Star Dodecatheon meadia 1'-2' 1' full part Wet-Mesic May-June Pink White Bee Bumblebee 4
Narrow-leaved Coneflower Echinacea angustifolia 2'-3' 1'-1'6" full part Low Dry June-July Pink Butterfly Bird
Pale Purple Coneflower Echinacea pallida 3'-4' 1'-1'6" full part Mesic to Dry June-July Pink Butterfly Bird 4-5
Fireweed Epilobium angustifolium 4'-5' 2'+ full part Mesic July-August Pink Magenta Butterfly 3-4
Rattlesnake Master Eryngium yuccifolium 2'-4' 1' full Medium Wet-Mesic to Dry July-August Green White Butterfly Bee Fragrant Garden
Joe-Pye Weed Eupatorium maculatum 4'-6' 2' full part Wet to Mesic July Pink Lavender Butterfly Bee 3-5 Fragrant Garden
Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum 3'-4' 1' full Wet to Mesic July-September White Red Yellow Maroon Butterfly Beetle Bee Wasp 3-4
Sweet Joe-Pye Weed Eupatorium purpureum 4'-6' 2' full part Mesic July-September Pink Lavender Butterfly Bee 3-4 Fragrant Garden
Flowering Spurge Euphorbia corollata 3' 1'-1'6" full part Mesic to Dry June-August White Magenta Red Orange Yellow Deer Resistant Rabbit Resistant
Wild Strawberry Fragaria virginiana 6" 8"+ full Mesic to Dry April-May White June-July Red fruit Red Maroon 3-5 Groundcover
Blanket Flower Gaillardia aristata 1'-3' 1'-1'6" full Low Dry May-September Red Yellow Butterfly Bee Ornamental Garden
Bottle Gentian Gentiana andrewsii 1'-2' 1' full part Wet to Wet-Mesic August-October Blue Purple Violet Bee Bumblebee 3-4
Prairie Smoke Geum triflorum 6"-1' 1'+ full part Mesic to Dry April-June Pink Red Silver Red Green Maroon Purple 4-5 Groundcover
Sneezeweed / Dogtooth Daisy Helenium autumnale 3'-5' 1'6"-2' full part Wet to Mesic August-October Yellow
Western Sunflower Helianthus occidentalis 2'-4' 1'+ full part Mesic to Dry July-September Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee
Stiff Sunflower Helianthus pauciflorus 2'-6' 1'6"+ full Mesic to Dry July-September Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee
Ox-Eye Heliopsis helianthoides 4'-5' 2' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry July-August Yellow Butterfly Bee 3-4
Golden Aster Heterotheca camporum 1'-3' 1'-2' full Mesic to Dry June-September Yellow Butterfly
Alumroot (Prairie Coralbells) Heuchera richardsonii 1'-3' 1' full part Mesic to Dry May-July Red Yellow Green Brown Hummingbird 4 Groundcover
Halberdleaf Rosemallow Hibiscus laevis 3'-5' 2'-3' full part High to Medium Wet to Wet-Mesic July-September Pink White Bird Hummingbird Ornamental Garden
Goldenseal Hydrastis canadensis 6"-1'4" 8"+ part shade Wet-Mesic April-May White Red berry Yellow Groundcover
Dwarf Crested Iris Iris cristata 6" 1'+ part shade Wet-Mesic April-May Blue 3-5 Groundcover
Northern Blue Flag Iris Iris versicolor 2'-3' 1'+ full Wet to Wet-Mesic June-July Blue Lavender Bird Hummingbird 3
Rough Blazingstar Liatris aspera 2'-3' 9" full Mesic to Dry July-October Pink Magenta Purple Butterfly 3-5
Meadow Blazingstar Liatris ligulistylis 3'-5' 1'-2' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry August-September Pink Magenta Purple Butterfly 3-7
Dotted Blazingstar Liatris punctata 1'-2' 6" full Low Dry July-September Pink Magenta Purple Lavender Butterfly 2-5
Prairie Blazingstar Liatris pycnostachya 2'-5' 6"-1' full part Wet to Mesic July-September Pink Magenta Purple July-August Butterfly 3-5
Wood (Prairie) Lily Lilium philadelphicum 1'-3' 8"-10" full part Medium Mesic to Dry June-August Red Orange Ornamental Garden
Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis 2'-4' 8"-1' full part High to Medium Wet to Mesic July-September Red Butterfly Bird Hummingbird 3-5
Great Blue Lobelia Lobelia siphilitica 1'-3' 1' full part Wet to Mesic August-October Blue Purple Bird Bee Hummingbird 4-5
Pale Spiked Lobelia Lobelia spicata 1'-2' 8"-1' full Low Dry May-August Blue Violet White Lavender 3-4
Wild Lupine Lupinus perennis 1'-2' 1'-1'6" full part Mesic-Dry to Dry May-June Blue Purple Yellow Black pod Butterfly Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee
Monkeyflower Mimulus ringens 1'-3'6" 1'+ full Wet to Wet-Mesic June-July Blue Purple 3-5
Bishop's Cap Mitella diphylla 10"-1'6" part shade April-June White Groundcover
Bee Balm/Wild Bergamot Monarda fistulosa 2'-4' 1'6"+ full part Wet-Mesic to Dry June-August Pink Lavender leaves, flowers Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Dotted Mint/Spotted Bee Balm Monarda punctata 1'6"-3' 1'+ full part Medium to Low Mesic-Dry to Dry July-September Yellow Maroon Lavender Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Glade Mallow Napaea dioica 3'-6' 1'6"-2' full part shade High to Medium Wet-Mesic July-August White Green Brown Black Yellow Bird Hummingbird
Wild Quinine Parthenium integrifolium 1'-3' 1' full part Mesic to Mesic-Dry June-September White Beetle Fly Bee Wasp Bumblebee
Foxglove Penstemon Penstemon digitalis 3'-4' 1' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-July White Red Green Maroon Bird Hummingbird 4-5
Showy Penstemon/Beardtounge Penstemon grandiflorus 2'-4' 1' full Low Mesic to Dry May-June Pink Lavender Bird Bee Hummingbird 4-5
Purple Prairie Clover Petalostemon purpureum 1'-2' 1' full Low Mesic to Dry July-September Pink Magenta Purple Butterfly Bird Bee 4-5
False Dragonhead / Obedient Plant Physostegia virginiana 2'-3' 2'+ full Wet-Mesic to Mesic June-September Pink Bird Bee 3-4
Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum 1'-2' 1'+ part Mesic May-June White Yellow berry Bee Bumblebee 4 Groundcover
Jacob's Ladder Polemonium reptans 1'-2' 1' part Mesic May-June Blue 4-5
Lion's Foot Prenanthes alba 2'-4' 1'-2' part Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry August-October Pink White Lavender Bee Bumblebee Fragrant Garden
Mountain Mint Pycnanthemum virginianum 1'-3' full part July-September Purple White Beetle Bee Wasp Fragrant Garden
Upright Prairie Coneflower Ratibida columnifera 1'-3' full Low Dry June-August Yellow Butterfly Bee
Yellow (Gray) Headed Coneflower Ratibida pinnata 3'-7' 1'6" full part Low Mesic to Dry June-August Yellow July-September Butterfly Bird 4-7
Black-Eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta 1'-3' 1' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry June-October Yellow Butterfly 3-5
Green-headed Coneflower Rudbeckia laciniata 7'-8' 2'+ full part Medium Wet-Mesic July-September Yellow Butterfly
Sweet Black-Eyed Susan Rudbeckia subtomentosa 3'-5' 1'-1'6" full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic August-October Yellow Butterfly 4-5 Fragrant Garden
Wild Petunia Ruellia humilis 1'-1'3" 1' full Mesic to Dry June-September Violet Lavender Yellow Maroon Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 4-5
Early Figwort Scrophularia lanceolata 2'-6' full part shade Medium June-July Pink Orange Green Green Maroon Purple Butterfly Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee Rabbit Resistant
Late Figwort Scrophularia marilandica 2'-10' full part shade July-September Red Green Maroon Butterfly Bird Ant Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee Deer Resistant Rabbit Resistant
Royal Catchfly Silene regia 2'-3' 1' full Mesic to Mesic-Dry July-August Red Bird Hummingbird 4-5
Compass Plant Silphium laciniatum 5'-8' 2' full Mesic to Dry July-September Yellow Butterfly Bird 4
Cup Plant Silphium perfoliatum 6'-8' 2'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic July-September Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 4
False Solomon's Seal Smilacina racemosa 1'-3' 1'+ full part shade Mesic to Dry May-June White Cream Red berry Yellow 3-5
Zig-Zag Goldenrod Solidago flexicaulis 2'-3' 1'6"+ full part shade Mesic to Dry August-September Yellow Butterfly Bee Wasp Bumblebee 4
Stiff Goldenrod Solidago rigida 4' 2' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry August-October Yellow Red Orange Yellow Maroon Butterfly Beetle Bird Bee Wasp Bumblebee
Elm Leaf Goldenrod Solidago ulmifolia 1'-3' 1'-2' full part Medium to Low Mesic to Mesic-Dry July-October Yellow Butterfly Bee Wasp Bumblebee
Meadowrue Thalictrum dasycarpum 3'-5' 3'-4' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June White Yellow 3-5
Longbract Spiderwort Tradescantia bracteata 1'-1'6" 1'6"-2' full Mesic to Dry May-July Purple Violet Bee 4-9 Groundcover
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata 2'-4' 1' full Wet to Mesic July-September Blue Purple Maroon Purple Butterfly Bird Hummingbird
Hoary Vervain Verbena stricta 3'-4' 1' full Dry July-August Blue Purple Lavender Butterfly Bird Bee Hummingbird 4-5
Ironweed Vernonia fasciculata 4'-6' 1'+ full Wet-Mesic July-September Magenta Purple Butterfly Bee 4-5
Culver's Root Veronicastrum virginicum 3'-6' 1'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic July-August White Butterfly Bee 3-5
Prairie Violet Viola pedatifida 6"-9" 6" full part Medium to Low Mesic May Violet Lavender flowers Butterfly 3-5
Heartleaf Golden Alexanders Zizia aptera 1'-3' 1'-1'6" full part Medium to Low Wet-Mesic to Dry May-July Yellow Butterfly
Golden Alexanders Zizia aurea 2'-3' 1' full part Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-June Yellow Butterfly 3-5