30 Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
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Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Big Bluestem Andropogon gerardii 3'-8' 1'6" full part Wet-Mesic to Dry Bronze Silver Blue 3-5
Side Oats Grama Bouteloua curtipendula 2'-3' 1'6" full part Mesic to Dry 3-4
Blue Grama Bouteloua gracilis 6"-1'6" 1' full part Mesic-Dry to Dry Green Purple
Kalm's (Prairie) Brome ref Bromus kalmii 1'-3' 1' full Wet-Mesic 4
Blue Joint Grass ref Calamagrostis canadensis 3'-5' full part Wet to Wet-Mesic 3-5
Bebb's Oval Sedge Carex bebbii 2'-3' 1'6" full part Wet to Wet-Mesic Bird 3-4
Prairie Sedge Carex bicknellii 3' full part Mesic to Dry
Longhair Sedge Carex comosa 2'-4' 1'6"-2' full part High to Medium
Fringed Sedge Carex crinita 2'-5' full part Wet to Wet-Mesic June-August 4-5
Porcupine Sedge Carex hysteriana 1'-2' 1'-1'6" full part Wet to Wet-Mesic
Common Lake Sedge Carex lacustris 1'6"-4' full part shade High Wet May-July Brown
Hop Sedge Carex lupulina 2'-3' 2'+ full part Wet to Wet-Mesic
Palm (Swamp Oval) Sedge Carex muskingumensis 2'-3' 1' full part shade Wet-Mesic May-June Green 4-7 Deer Resistant Groundcover
Pennsylvania Sedge Carex pennsylvanica 6"-12' full part shade Mesic to Dry 4-5 Groundcover
Sprengel's Sedge out Carex sprengelii 1'-2' 1'6" full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry Green 3-4
Tussock Sedge Carex stricta 1'-3' 1'6" full High Wet to Wet-Mesic 2-5
Cattail Sedge out Carex typhina 1'-3' 1' full part shade Wet to Wet-Mesic
Fox Sedge out Carex vulpinoidea 1'-3' 1'-2' full part Wet to Mesic-Dry 3-4
Sweet Grass Hierochloe odorata 1'-2' full Wet to Wet-Mesic 3-7 Fragrant Garden
Bottlebrush Grass Hystrix patula 3'-4' 1' full part Mesic 3-5
Soft Rush Juncus effusus 2'-4' 1'-2' full part Wet to Mesic June-July Green July-August 3-4
Path Rush Juncus tenuis 4"-1'4" 1' full part Mesic to Dry Brown 2-5 Groundcover
June Grass Koeleria macrantha 1'-2' 1' full Medium to Low Dry May-June Green Silver 3-5
Switchgrass out Panicum virgatum 4'-5' 1'6"+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry 3-5
Little Bluestem Schizachyrium scoparius 2'-3' 1'6" full part Mesic to Dry Red Yellow Bronze Blue 4-5
Wool Grass Scirpus cyperinus 3'-5' 2'-3' full High to Medium Brown
Indian Grass out Sorghastrum nutans 3'-5' 1'6" full part Wet-Mesic to Dry August-September 3-5
Prairie Cordgrass ref Spartina pectinata 6'-8' 2'+ full part Wet to Mesic Yellow Yellow 4-5
Prairie Dropseed Sporobolus heterolepis 2'-4' 2' full part Mesic to Dry seeds Butterfly 3-5 Fragrant Garden
Porcupine Grass Stipa spartea 3'-4' 1'6"-2' full part Mesic to Dry May-June Butterfly