156 Wildflowers
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Wildflowers
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Yarrow Achillea millefolium 1'-3' 2'-3' full part Mesic to Dry June-September White Deer Resistant
Sweet Flag Acorus calamus 3'-4' 1'+ full High Wet to Wet-Mesic June-July Yellow Brown Brown 4-5 Fragrant Garden
White Baneberry / Doll's Eyes ref Actaea pachypoda 1'6"-2'6" 1'-2' part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June White White berry Fragrant Garden
Red Baneberry out Actaea rubra 1'-2' 1'-2' part shade May-June White August-October Red berry 3-4 Fragrant Garden
Fragrant Hyssop Agastache foeniculum 2'-4' 1'-2' full part Mesic to Dry June-August Purple Violet Lavender leaves Butterfly Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird 3-5 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Nodding Onion out Allium cernuum 1'-2' 6"-1' full part July-August Pink leaves, shoots, bulbs Bee Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Prairie Onion Allium stellatum 1'-1'4" 4"-8" full part Mesic to Dry July-August Pink leaves, shoots, bulbs Bee 3-5 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Wild Leek Allium tricoccum 8" 4"-8" part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry June-July White leaves, shoots, bulbs Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Canada Mayflower Anemone canadensis 1'-2' 1'+ full part Wet-Mesic May-June White 3-4 Groundcover
Thimbleweed ref Anemone cylindrica 1'-2' full part Dry June-August White
Pasque Flower out Anemone patens wolfgangiana 6" 6" full Medium to Low April-May White Lavender 4
Rue Anemone out Anemonella thalictroides 4"-6" 1' part shade Mesic April-May Pink 4 Groundcover
Prairie Pussy Toes Antennaria neglecta 4" 6"+ full part Low Mesic to Dry April-June White Butterfly 3-5 Groundcover
Wild Columbine Aquilegia canadensis 1'-3' 1' full part Mesic to Dry April-May Red Yellow Butterfly Bird Hummingbird 3-4
Wild Sarsparilla ref Aralia nudicaulis 1'-2' part shade May-June White Purple berry
Spikenard Aralia racemosa 3'-7' 3'-4' part shade High to Medium July White Red Purple berry Yellow
Jack-In-The-Pulpit Arisaema triphyllum 1'-2' 1' part shade Wet-Mesic April-May Green Cream Maroon Red berry 3-4
Prairie Sage Artemisia ludoviciana 2'-3' 1'6"+ full part Medium to Low Mesic to Dry July-September Green 4 Fragrant Garden
Wild Ginger Asarum canadense 6"-1' part shade Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June Pink White Maroon Beetle 4-5 Groundcover
Poke Milkweed Asclepias exaltata 3'-5' part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic June-August Green White Cream June-August pod Butterfly
Marsh/Red Milkweed Asclepias incarnata 3'-4' 1' full Wet to Mesic July Pink pod Yellow Maroon Purple Butterfly Beetle Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee 3-5 Fragrant Garden
Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca 2'-6' 1'+ full Medium to Low June-August Pink Yellow Green pod Yellow Butterfly Moth Beetle Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee Fragrant Garden
Butterfly Milkweed Asclepias tuberosa 2'-3' 1' full part Mesic to Dry July-August Orange pod Yellow Butterfly Beetle Bee Bumblebee 3-5
Whorled/White Milkweed Asclepias verticillata 2' 6"+ full part Mesic to Dry July-September White pod Yellow Butterfly
Canada Milk Vetch Astragalus canadensis Yellow Cream
Ground Plum ref Astragalus crassicarpus 6"-1' 1' full Low Dry April-May Pink Magenta Purple Red Purple pod fruit Groundcover
White Indigo Baptisia alba 4' 2' full part Mesic to Mesic-Dry June-July White Green Black pod Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 4 Rabbit Resistant
Blue Indigo out Baptisia australis 3'-4' 3' full part Wet-Mesic June-July Blue Violet Green Black pod Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 4-7 Rabbit Resistant
Cream Indigo Baptisia leucophaea 3'-4' 2' full part Mesic to Dry May-June Cream Green Black pod Bee Rabbit Resistant
Downy Wood Mint out Blephilia ciliata 1' 10"-1'6" full part Mesic to Dry June-July Purple Lavender Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 4-8 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Hairy Wood Mint Blephilia hirsuta 1'4"-2'6" 1'+ part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic June-September Purple White Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Marsh Marigold Caltha palustris 6"-1' 1' full part Wet April-May Yellow 3-4
Wild Hyacinth Camassia scilloides 2' 8"-1' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-June Blue Lavender bulbs 4-8
Tall Bellflower Campanula americana Blue
Harebell Campanula rotundifolia 1'-2' 6" full part June-September Purple Lavender 3-4
Blue Cohosh Caulophylum thalictroides 1'-3' 2' part shade Medium April-May Yellow Green Blue berry Yellow Brown 3-7
Partridge Pea Chamaechrista fasciculata 6"-3' 1' full part Mesic to Dry July-September Yellow Brown pod Ant Bee Bumblebee Groundcover
White Turtlehead Chelone glabra 2'-3' 1' full Mesic August-September White Cream Butterfly Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 3-7
Spring Beauty Claytonia caroliniana 3"-6" 4" part shade Wet-Mesic April-June Pink White Bee
Lance-leaf Coreopsis Coreopsis lanceolata 1'6"-3' 1' full Low Mesic to Dry May-July Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee Bumblebee
Prairie Coreopsis Coreopsis palmata 1'-2' 1'+ full part Mesic to Dry June-July Yellow 3-5
Pink Cordalis Corydalis sempervirens 1'6"-2' 1' full part Medium to Low May-September Pink Yellow
White Prairie Clover Dalea candida 1'-3' 1' full Mesic to Dry June-July White
Cutleaf Toothwort out Dentaria laciniata 6" 1' part Mesic April-May Pink White White 3-7 Groundcover
Dutchman's Breeches out Dicentra cucullaria 6"-1' 1' part shade Wet-Mesic April-May White Bee Bumblebee 3-5 Groundcover
Shooting Star out Dodecatheon meadia 1'-2' 1' full part Wet-Mesic May-June Pink White Bee Bumblebee 4
Narrow-leaved Coneflower Echinacea angustifolia 2'-3' 1'-1'6" full part Low Dry June-July Pink Butterfly Bird Bee Bumblebee
Pale Purple Coneflower Echinacea pallida 3'-4' 1'-1'6" full part Mesic to Dry June-July Pink Butterfly Bird Bee Bumblebee 4-5
Purple Coneflower ref Echinacea purpurea 3'-4' 1' full part Mesic to Dry August-September Pink Butterfly Bird Bee Bumblebee 3-5
Fireweed Epilobium angustifolium 4'-5' 2'+ full part Mesic July-August Pink Magenta Butterfly 3-4
Rattlesnake Master Eryngium yuccifolium 2'-4' 1' full Medium Wet-Mesic to Dry July-August Green White Butterfly Bee Fragrant Garden
White Trout Lily out Erythronium albidum 4"-6" 4"+ part shade Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic April-May White Groundcover
Yellow Trout Lily out Erythronium americanum 6" 6"-8" shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic April-May Yellow Groundcover
Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum 3'-4' 1' full Wet to Mesic July-September White Red Yellow Maroon Butterfly Beetle Bee Wasp 3-4
Flowering Spurge Euphorbia corollata 3' 1'-1'6" full part Mesic to Dry June-August White Magenta Red Orange Yellow Deer Resistant Rabbit Resistant
Large-Leaved Aster Eurybia macrophylla 2'-3' 1'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic September-October Blue White Lavender Butterfly Groundcover
Joe-Pye Weed Eutrochium maculatum 4'-6' 2' full part Wet to Mesic July Pink Lavender Butterfly Bee 3-5 Fragrant Garden
Sweet Joe-Pye Weed Eutrochium purpureum 4'-6' 2' full part Mesic July-September Pink Lavender Butterfly Bee 3-4 Fragrant Garden
Queen of the Prairie Filipendula rubra 3'-6' 2'+ full part Wet to Wet-Mesic June-August Pink Red Yellow Butterfly 4
Wild Strawberry Fragaria virginiana 6" 8"+ full Mesic to Dry April-May White June-July Red fruit Red Maroon 3-5 Groundcover
Blanket Flower Gaillardia aristata 1'-3' 1'-1'6" full Low Dry May-September Red Yellow Butterfly Bee Ornamental Garden
Northern Bedstraw Galium boreale 1'-2' 1'+ full part High to Medium Wet-Mesic June-July White 4 Groundcover
Bottle Gentian out Gentiana andrewsii 1'-2' 1' full part Wet to Wet-Mesic August-October Blue Purple Violet Bee Bumblebee 3-4
Wild Geranium Geranium maculatum 1'-2' 1'6"+ part shade Mesic April-July Pink Lavender Red 3-5 Groundcover
Prairie Smoke Geum triflorum 6"-1' 1'+ full part Mesic to Dry April-June Pink Red Silver Red Green Maroon Purple 4-5 Groundcover
Sneezeweed / Dogtooth Daisy Helenium autumnale 3'-5' 1'6"-2' full part Wet to Mesic August-October Yellow Bee
Western Sunflower Helianthus occidentalis 2'-4' 1'+ full part Mesic to Dry July-September Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee
Stiff Sunflower Helianthus pauciflorus 2'-6' 1'6"+ full Mesic to Dry July-September Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee
Ox-Eye Heliopsis helianthoides 4'-5' 2' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry July-August Yellow Butterfly Bee 3-4
Sharp-Lobed Hepatica out Hepatica acutiloba 4"-6" 6"-1' part shade Wet-Mesic March-May Pink Blue White Lavender Red Brown Maroon 4 Groundcover
Golden Aster out Heterotheca camporum 1'-3' 1'-2' full Mesic to Dry June-September Yellow Butterfly
Hairy False Goldenaster ref Heterotheca villosa 3'-4' 2' full Mesic to Dry June-August Yellow Butterfly 4
Alumroot (Prairie Coralbells) Heuchera richardsonii 1'-3' 1' full part Mesic to Dry May-July Red Yellow Green Brown Hummingbird 4 Groundcover
Halberdleaf Rosemallow Hibiscus laevis 3'-5' 2'-3' full part High to Medium Wet to Wet-Mesic July-September Pink White Bird Hummingbird Ornamental Garden
Goldenseal Hydrastis canadensis 6"-1'4" 8"+ part shade Wet-Mesic April-May White Red berry Yellow Groundcover
Virginia Waterleaf Hydrophyllum virginianum 6"-1' 2'+ part shade High to Medium Wet-Mesic April-May White Lavender Bee Bumblebee 4-5 Groundcover
Dwarf Crested Iris ref Iris cristata 6" 1'+ part shade Wet-Mesic April-May Blue 3-5 Groundcover
Northern Blue Flag Iris Iris versicolor 2'-3' 1'+ full Wet to Wet-Mesic June-July Blue Lavender Bird Hummingbird 3
False Rue Anemone out Isopyrum biternatum 4"-1'4" part shade April-May White Groundcover
Twinleaf out Jeffersonia diphylla 4"-1'6" 6"-9" part shade Medium Wet-Mesic April-May White pod Groundcover
Rough Blazingstar Liatris aspera 2'-3' 9" full Mesic to Dry July-October Pink Magenta Purple Butterfly 3-5
Cylindrical Blazingstar ref Liatris cylindracea 1'-2' 9" full Dry August-October Pink Magenta Purple Lavender August-October Butterfly 3-5
Meadow Blazingstar Liatris ligulistylis 3'-5' 1'-2' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry August-September Pink Magenta Purple Butterfly 3-7
Dotted Blazingstar Liatris punctata 1'-2' 6" full Low Dry July-September Pink Magenta Purple Lavender Butterfly 2-5
Prairie Blazingstar Liatris pycnostachya 2'-5' 6"-1' full part Wet to Mesic July-September Pink Magenta Purple July-August Butterfly 3-5
Marsh Blazingstar Liatris spicata 3'-5' 1'-2' full part Wet to Mesic July-September Pink Magenta Purple Butterfly Bird
Michigan Lily Lilium michiganense 4'-5' 1'6"+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic July Orange Bird 3-4
Wood (Prairie) Lily out Lilium philadelphicum 1'-3' 8"-10" full part Medium Mesic to Dry June-August Red Orange Ornamental Garden
Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis 2'-4' 8"-1' full part High to Medium Wet to Mesic July-September Red Butterfly Bird Hummingbird 3-5
Great Blue Lobelia Lobelia siphilitica 1'-3' 1' full part Wet to Mesic August-October Blue Purple Bird Bee Hummingbird 4-5
Pale Spiked Lobelia out Lobelia spicata 1'-2' 8"-1' full Low Dry May-August Blue Violet White Lavender 3-4
Wild Lupine out Lupinus perennis 1'-2' 1'-1'6" full part Mesic-Dry to Dry May-June Blue Purple Yellow Black pod Butterfly Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee
Wild Lily-of-the-Valley Maianthemum canadense 3"-6" 1'+ part shade Medium Wet-Mesic to Dry May-June White Red Green berry Groundcover
False Solomon's Seal out Maianthemum racemosum 1'-3' 1'+ full part shade Mesic to Dry May-June White Cream Red berry Yellow 3-5
Virginia Bluebells out Mertensia virginica 1'-2' 1' part shade Wet-Mesic April-May Blue 4-5
Monkeyflower Mimulus ringens 1'-3'6" 1'+ full Wet to Wet-Mesic June-July Blue Purple 3-5
Bishop's Cap Mitella diphylla 10"-1'6" part shade April-June White Groundcover
Bee Balm/Wild Bergamot out Monarda fistulosa 2'-4' 1'6"+ full part Wet-Mesic to Dry June-August Pink Lavender leaves, flowers Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Dotted Mint/Spotted Bee Balm Monarda punctata 1'6"-3' 1'+ full part Medium to Low Mesic-Dry to Dry July-September Yellow Maroon Lavender Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Glade Mallow Napaea dioica 3'-6' 1'6"-2' full part shade High to Medium Wet-Mesic July-August White Green Brown Black Yellow Bird Hummingbird
Wild Quinine Parthenium integrifolium 1'-3' 1' full part Mesic to Mesic-Dry June-September White Beetle Fly Bee Wasp Bumblebee
Foxglove Penstemon Penstemon digitalis 3'-4' 1' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-July White Red Green Maroon Bird Hummingbird 4-5
Showy Penstemon/Beardtounge Penstemon grandiflorus 2'-4' 1' full Low Mesic to Dry May-June Pink Lavender Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 4-5
Purple Prairie Clover Petalostemon purpureum 1'-2' 1' full Low Mesic to Dry July-September Pink Magenta Purple Butterfly Bird Bee 4-5
Woodland Phlox out Phlox divaricata 6"-1'6" 1'+ part May-June Purple Lavender 3-5
Prairie Phlox Phlox pilosa 2'-3' 1' full Low Mesic to Dry May-June Pink Magenta Butterfly 3-4
False Dragonhead / Obedient Plant Physostegia virginiana 2'-3' 2'+ full Wet-Mesic to Mesic June-September Pink Bird Bee Bumblebee 3-4
Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum 1'-2' 1'+ part Mesic May-June White Yellow berry Bee Bumblebee 4 Groundcover
Jacob's Ladder out Polemonium reptans 1'-2' 1' part Mesic May-June Blue 4-5
Solomon's Seal Polygonatum biflorum 1'-4' 1'+ part shade Medium Wet to Mesic May-June White Cream September Blue Black berry Yellow Bee Bumblebee 4
Giant Solomon's Seal Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum 3'-6' 1'+ part shade Medium Wet to Mesic May-June White Cream September Blue Black berry Yellow Bee Bumblebee 4
Lion's Foot Prenanthes alba 2'-4' 1'-2' part Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry August-October Pink White Lavender Bee Bumblebee Fragrant Garden
Mountain Mint Pycnanthemum virginianum 1'-3' full part July-September Purple White Beetle Bee Wasp Fragrant Garden
Upright Prairie Coneflower out Ratibida columnifera 1'-3' full Low Dry June-August Yellow Butterfly Bee
Yellow (Gray) Headed Coneflower Ratibida pinnata 3'-7' 1'6" full part Low Mesic to Dry June-August Yellow July-September Butterfly Bird 4-7
Black-Eyed Susan out Rudbeckia hirta 1'-3' 1' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry June-October Yellow Butterfly 3-5
Green-headed Coneflower out Rudbeckia laciniata 7'-8' 2'+ full part Medium Wet-Mesic July-September Yellow Butterfly
Sweet Black-Eyed Susan Rudbeckia subtomentosa 3'-5' 1'-1'6" full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic August-October Yellow Butterfly 4-5 Fragrant Garden
Wild Petunia Ruellia humilis 1'-1'3" 1' full Mesic to Dry June-September Violet Lavender Yellow Maroon Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 4-5
Bloodroot out Sanguinaria canadensis 6"-9" 6"+ part shade Mesic May-June White 4
Early Figwort Scrophularia lanceolata 2'-6' 1'-2' full part shade Medium June-July Pink Orange Green Green Maroon Purple Butterfly Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee Rabbit Resistant
Late Figwort Scrophularia marilandica 2'-10' 1'6"-2' full part shade July-September Red Green Maroon Butterfly Bird Ant Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee Deer Resistant Rabbit Resistant
Heart-Leaved Skullcap out Scutellaria ovata 1'-2' 9"-1'6" part shade Low Mesic to Dry June-July Blue Butterfly Bee
Royal Catchfly Silene regia 2'-3' 1' full Mesic to Mesic-Dry July-August Red Bird Hummingbird 4-5
Compass Plant Silphium laciniatum 5'-8' 2' full Mesic to Dry July-September Yellow Butterfly Bird 4
Cup Plant Silphium perfoliatum 6'-8' 2'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic July-September Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 4
Prairie Dock Silphium terebinthinaceum 2'-12' 1'-3' full Medium to Low Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry August-October Yellow Butterfly
Prairie Blue Eyed Grass Sisyrinchium campestre 9"-1' 9"-1' full part Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-July Blue Violet 3-5 Groundcover
Zig-Zag Goldenrod Solidago flexicaulis 2'-3' 1'6"+ full part shade Mesic to Dry August-September Yellow Butterfly Bee Wasp Bumblebee 4
White Upland Aster Solidago ptarmicoides 1'-2' 1' full Low Dry July-September White Butterfly 3-5
Stiff Goldenrod Solidago rigida 4' 2' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry August-October Yellow Red Orange Yellow Maroon Butterfly Beetle Bird Bee Wasp Bumblebee
Elm Leaf Goldenrod Solidago ulmifolia 1'-3' 1'-2' full part Medium to Low Mesic to Mesic-Dry July-October Yellow Butterfly Bee Wasp Bumblebee
Heartleaf Aster Symphyotrichum cordifolium 2'-4' 1' part Mesic September-October Blue Lavender Butterfly 3-4
Smooth Blue Aster Symphyotrichum laeve 3'-5' 1'-2' full part Mesic to Dry August-October Blue Lavender leaves Butterfly 3-5
New England Aster Symphyotrichum novae-angliae 4'-5' 2' full part Wet-Mesic September-October Magenta Purple Butterfly 4
Aromatic Aster Symphyotrichum oblongifolium 1'-2' 1'+ full Low Dry September-October Purple Butterfly 4 Fragrant Garden Groundcover
Sky Blue Aster Symphyotrichum oolentangiense 2'-4' 1' full part Mesic to Dry August-October Blue Lavender Butterfly 4-5
Silky Aster Symphyotrichum sericeum 1'-2' 1'6" full Dry August-October Purple Lavender Butterfly 3-4
Yellow Pimpernel ref Taenidia integerrima 3' 1'-2' full part shade Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-July Yellow Butterfly Deer Resistant
Goat's Rue ref Tephrosia virginiana 1' 1'-2' full part Mesic to Dry June-July Pink Yellow pod 4-9
Meadowrue Thalictrum dasycarpum 3'-5' 3'-4' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June White Yellow 3-5
Early Meadowrue Thalictrum dioicum 2'-4' 1' part shade Medium April-June White Cream
Longbract Spiderwort Tradescantia bracteata 1'-1'6" 1'6"-2' full Mesic to Dry May-July Purple Violet Bee 4-9 Groundcover
Ohio Spiderwort out Tradescantia ohiensis 2'-3' 1' full part May-July Blue Purple Violet Bee 3-4
Large-Flowered Trillium Trillium grandiflorum 1' part shade Mesic May-June White 3-4
Large-Flowered Bellwort out Uvularia grandiflora 1'-1'6" 1'+ part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic April-May Yellow Yellow Brown 3-4
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata 2'-4' 1' full Wet to Mesic July-September Blue Purple Maroon Purple Butterfly Bird Hummingbird
Hoary Vervain Verbena stricta 3'-4' 1' full Dry July-August Blue Purple Lavender Butterfly Bird Bee Hummingbird 4-5
Ironweed Vernonia fasciculata 4'-6' 1'+ full Wet-Mesic July-September Magenta Purple Butterfly Bee 4-5
Culver's Root Veronicastrum virginicum 3'-6' 1'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic July-August White Butterfly Bee 3-5
Birdfoot Violet ref Viola pedata 4"-10" 1' full part Low Dry April-June Purple Violet Lavender flowers Butterfly
Prairie Violet Viola pedatifida 6"-9" 6" full part Medium to Low Mesic May Violet Lavender flowers Butterfly 3-5
Downy Yellow Violet out Viola pubescens 6"-1' 1' part shade Wet-Mesic April-May Yellow flowers Butterfly 3-5 Groundcover
Common Blue Violet Viola sororia
Heartleaf Golden Alexanders Zizia aptera 1'-3' 1'-1'6" full part Medium to Low Wet-Mesic to Dry May-July Yellow Butterfly
Golden Alexanders Zizia aurea 2'-3' 1' full part Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-June Yellow Butterfly 3-5