45 Buckthorn Replacement Selections
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Northern White Cedar
Thuja occidentalis
Category: Evergreen / Coniferous Trees
Height: 45'-60'
Width: 10'-12'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: tolerates most, rocky
Fruit Type: cone
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Fragrant Garden
Comments: Foliage is very aromatic; used for incense, medicine wreaths and other decorations. Excellent for hedges and screening. Long-lived.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $26.7518-24" #05 bag: $45.0024-36" #20: $225.00

Saskatoon Serviceberry ref
Amelanchier alnifolia
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 8'-10'
Width: 8'-10'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: May
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: blue, black
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Edible Garden
Comments: Thicket-forming.
For reference only. Not currently stocked.

Regent Serviceberry
Amelanchier alnifolia 'Regent'
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 4'-6'
Width: 5'-6'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: well-drained loam, sand tolerant
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: blue, purple, black
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Upright branching habit. Drought tolerant. Sweet fruit.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $24.7515-18"

Inland Serviceberry
Amelanchier interior
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 15'-30'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sandy loam
Bloom Period: April-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: purple, black
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Edible Garden
Comments: Moderately shade tolerant.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.506-12"

Glossy Black Chokeberry
Aronia melanocarpa
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 4'-6'
Width: 4'+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-October
Fruit Color: blue, black
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Standard industry cultivar with glossy, dark green leaves and large berry clusters. Upright habit. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18" #07 bag: $43.4524-36" Native Black Chokeberry #1: $16.50 #02 bag: $23.45

Native Black Chokeberry
Aronia melanocarpa 'Rusk Co.'
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 5'
Width: 5'+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: peaty, sandy, rocky
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-October
Fruit Color: blue, black
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Local seed source: leaves are smaller & plant grows denser. Rhizomatous.

Gray Dogwood
Cornus racemosa
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 8'-12'
Width: 6'-10'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: white
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: red, maroon, purple
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement
Comments: Showy flower clusters. Upright branching habit. Colonizer. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18" #07 bag: $45.00

Roundleaf Dogwood
Cornus rugosa
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-10'
Width: 8'-12'
Sun: part, shade
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: well-drained, sandy, loamy, rocky
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: white, cream
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: blue
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: magenta, red, yellow, maroon, bronze
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement
Comments: Colony forming by root suckers. Greenish-gray bark. Moderate shade tolerance. Slopes.
Retail Pricing #2: $28.0015-18"

Red-Twigged Dogwood
Cornus sericea
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-12'
Width: 6'-12'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Bloom Period: May-August
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: white
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: red, yellow, maroon, purple
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Flood tolerant. Common shrub of shorelines and wetlands. Red branches in late fall/winter and on new growth. White pith. Stems used for basket weaving and wreaths.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18" #05 bag/pot: $31.7524-36"

American Hazelnut
Corylus americana
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-12'
Width: 6'-12'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: well-drained, gravelly loam to heavy clay
Bloom Period: May
Flower Color: green, brown, maroon
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: brown
Fruit Type: nut
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, maroon, bronze
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Edible Garden
Comments: High wildlife value. Good for massing. Edible nut in fringed husk.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.4515-18" #05 bag: $31.7524-36" #15 bag: $79.00 #20: $79.00

Beaked Hazelnut
Corylus cornuta
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-12'
Width: 6'-12'
Sun: part, shade
Soil Types: well-drained, gravelly loam, heavy clay
Bloom Period: May
Flower Color: brown, maroon
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: brown
Fruit Type: nut
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 2-3
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Edible Garden
Comments: Catkins. Edible nut. High wildlife value. Flood intolerant.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12"

Bronzeleaf Diervilla
Diervilla lonicera
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-4'
Width: 3'+
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: yellow
Fall Color: red, orange, bronze
Wildlife: Bee, Bumblebee
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Rhizomatous colonizer. Excellent for massing & erosion control. Bronze-green foliage. Self-sterile.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12" #2: $23.4515-18" #05 bag/pot: $31.7524-36"

Eastern Wahoo
Euonymus atropurpurea
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 12'-20'
Width: 15'-20'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: well-drained
Bloom Period: June
Flower Color: red, purple, maroon
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: magenta, red
Wildlife: Bird
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Showy fruit. Juglone tolerant.
Retail Pricing #1: $49.006-12"

Common Witch Hazel
Hamamelis virginiana
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 20'-30'
Width: 25'-35'
Sun: full, part, shade
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: loam
Flower Color: yellow
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 4-7
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Horizontal branching habit. Spider-like flowers after leaves drop. Excellent specimen plant.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18" #05 bag: $31.7524-36" #10 bag: $79.0036" - +

Common Ninebark
Physocarpus opulifolius
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 8'-10'
Width: 8'-10'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: average, loam, clay, sand
Bloom Period: July
Flower Color: pink, white
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: maroon, purple
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Dense growth habit. Showy flower clusters. Yellow-green foliage. Excellent for hedging. Flood intolerant.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.4515-18" #07 bag: $43.4536-48"

American Black Currant out
Ribes americanum
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-6'
Width: 3'-6'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: yellow, white, cream
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: purple, black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: High wildlife value.
Out of stock. Prices/sizes for reference only.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.4515-18"

Pasture (Prickly) Gooseberry out
Ribes cynosbati
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-6'
Width: 3'-6'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: July-August
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: purple, black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow, maroon, bronze, purple
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Open habit with thorns along branches & on fruit. Fragrant flowers. High wildlife value.
Out of stock. Prices/sizes for reference only.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12"

Missouri Gooseberry
Ribes missouriensis
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-6'
Width: 3'-6'
Sun: full, part, shade
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: April-June
Flower Color: green, white, cream
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: purple, black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: magenta, red, orange, yellow, maroon, purple
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Very shade tolerant. Upright, arching branches w/ reddish-brown spines. Fragrant flowers. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12"

Black Raspberry ref
Rubus occidentalis
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Sun: full, part
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: purple, black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Edible Garden
For reference only. Not currently stocked.

Thimbleberry low
Rubus parviflorus
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 4'-6'
Width: 3'+
Sun: part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: alkaline
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow, maroon, bronze
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Edible Garden
Comments: Thornless. Large leaves. Showy, 1.5" flowers. Rhizomatous.
LOW STOCK! Hurry before they're gone!
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.4515-18"

Pussy Willow
Salix discolor
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 15'-20'
Width: 10'-12'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Soil Types: clay, loam, sand
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: green, silver
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Bee
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Dioecious. Upright form. Flood tolerant. Showy catkins. Found along lakeshores, swamps, and bogs.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18"
Red Willow ref
Salix sericea
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-8'
Width: 6'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Soil Types: sandy loam, peaty muck
Flower Color: yellow
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement
Comments: Very flood tolerant. Upright, rounded form. Reddish-brown twigs. Found along stream banks, lakeshores and bogs.
For reference only. Not currently stocked.

American Elder
Sambucus canadensis
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 8'-10'
Width: 8'-10'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: blue, purple, black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit, flowers
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Flood tolerant. Adaptable. Fast growth. Rhizomatous. Excellent for pies, jams, and wine. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18"

Red-Berried Elder
Sambucus pubens
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 10'-12'
Width: 10'-12'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: well-drained
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white, cream
Fruit Period: June-August
Fruit Color: red, orange
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Hummingbird
Zone: 4-6
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Flood intolerant. Fast growth rate. Found in mixed woodlands and ravines. 5" flower panicles. Bitter berries can be made into wine.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $24.0015-18"

American Bladdernut out
Staphylea trifolia
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 10'-15'
Width: 10'+
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Bloom Period: May
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: yellow, brown
Fruit Type: pod
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bee
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Rhizomatous, clump-forming. Found in deciduous woodlands and ravines. 1-2" papery, inflated “bladder-shaped” pods in fall.
Out of stock. Prices/sizes for reference only.
Retail Pricing #01 bag: $15.006-12"

White Snowberry
Symphoricarpos albus
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-4'
Width: 4'-5'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: clay, limestone, loam, sand
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: September-November
Fruit Color: white
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Moth, Bird
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Rhizomatous. Flood intolerant. Blue-green foliage. High wildlife value. Self-fertile.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.4515-18"

Nannyberry Viburnum
Viburnum lentago
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 12'-20'
Width: 8'-20'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: loam, tolerates most
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: maroon
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Upright habit. Flat-topped flower clusters.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18" #5: $31.7524-36" #7: $45.0036-48"

American Highbush Cranberry
Viburnum trilobum
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-10'
Width: 6'-10'
Sun: full, part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: loam, organic peat
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: September-February
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, maroon
Wildlife: Beetle, Bird, Fly, Bee
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: AKA Viburnum opulus var. americanum. Dark green foliage. Flat-topped flower clusters. Fruit persists through winter. True type - not a hybrid cross!
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12" #2: $23.4515-18" #5: $31.7524-36" #7: $43.4536-48"

Sugar Maple
Acer saccharum
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 60'
Width: 40'-50'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: well-drained, loamy, sandy over clay
Bloom Period: April-June
Flower Color: yellow
Fruit Period: August-October
Fruit Type: samara
Edible Parts: sap
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Shade Tree, Edible Garden
Comments: Dark green foliage. Upright oval to rounded form. Fairly shade tolerant. Flood intolerant. Fire sensitive. Protect from wind. Sap is source of maple syrup. Very high wildlife value. One of Minnesota's finest over story trees.
Retail Pricing #01 bag/pot: $16.4512-36" #2: $23.453-4' #15 bag: $195.008-12', 1.25"C #20: $230.0010-12', 1.5"C

Black Sugar Maple
Acer saccharum nigrum
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 60'-75'
Width: 40'-60'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: well-drained, calciferous
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: yellow
Fruit Period: September-October
Fruit Type: samara
Edible Parts: sap
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Zone: 4-8
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Shade Tree, Edible Garden
Comments: Shade tolerant. Common on floodplains; moderate flood tolerance. More drought/heat tolerant than standard species.
Retail Pricing #1: $18.0012-36"

Mountain Maple
Acer spicatum
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 20'-30'
Width: 15'-25'
Sun: full, part, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: acidic, cool, rocky, gravelly, loam
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: yellow, green
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: magenta, red
Fruit Type: samara
Fall Color: red, orange
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement
Comments: Irregular, upright form. Understory shrub or small tree. Shade tolerant. Flood intolerant. Slopes, rich woods, & lakeshores. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.453-4' #5: $59.004-6'

Speckled Alder
Alnus rugosa
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 15'-20'
Width: 15'-20'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: moderately acidic, heavy, loam
Bloom Period: March-May
Fruit Period: July-October
Fruit Color: brown
Fruit Type: samara
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement
Comments: Catkins. Attractive reddish-brown "cones" of small, flattened samaras. Clump-forming colonizer. Flood tolerant. Nitrogen fixer. Found along stream banks, low wet woods, and open floodplains.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.453-4'

Downy Serviceberry
Amelanchier arborea
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 15'-25'
Width: 10'-15'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: well-drained
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: red, blue, purple, black
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Multi-stemmed tree occurring in rich woods, thickets, and hillsides of northeast and southeast MN. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #01 bag/pot: $16.45 #07 bag: $110.00 Downy Serviceberry-Multi Stem #07 bag: $110.006-8'

Allegheny Serviceberry
Amelanchier laevis
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 15'-25'
Width: 10'-15'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: red, purple
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Large shrub or small, multi-stemmed tree. Rhizomatous. Found on moist hillsides and in cool, rich, deciduous woods. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.4512-36" #2: $23.453-4' #05 bag: $42.754-6' #07 bag: $110.006-8' Allegheny Serviceberry-Multi St #07 bag: $110.006-8'

Blue Beech (Musclewood)
Carpinus caroliniana
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 20'-30'
Width: 20'-30'
Sun: full, part, shade
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: fine loam
Bloom Period: May
Flower Color: red, green
Fruit Type: nutlet
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Zone: 2-8
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Catkins. Smooth, gray bark with "muscle" texture. Great understory tree; very shade tolerant.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.453-4' #05 bag: $42.754-6' #15 bag: $189.008-12', 1.25"C

Pagoda Dogwood
Cornus alternifolia
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 15'-20'
Width: 20'-25'
Sun: full, part, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: loam
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: black
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: red, maroon, purple
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Grows as understory plant in moist woods. Interesting horizontal branching.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.4512-36"
Fleshy (Long-Thorned) Hawthorn ref
Crataegus macracantha
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 6'-20'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: orange, yellow, bronze
Wildlife: Bird
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Edible Garden
Comments: Large thorns.
For reference only. Not currently stocked.

Ironwood
Ostrya virginiana
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 35'-50'
Width: 20'-35'
Sun: full, part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: tolerates most
Flower Color: red, green, brown
Fruit Color: green, white, brown, cream
Fruit Type: pod
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 4-7
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement
Comments: Showy catkins. Flood tolerant. Persistent leaves in winter. Grows on upland slopes, ravines, and coves of deciduous woods.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.4512-36" #15 bag: $180.008-12', 1.25"C

American Plum
Prunus americana
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 20'-35'
Width: 20'-35'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: loam
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: red, purple
Fruit Type: drupe
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Drought tolerant. Globular form with horizontal branching habit. Thicket-forming. Found at forest edges, open oak woods, and rocky hillsides. Profuse flowers with strong sweet-spice fragrance.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.452/3 ft #05 bag: $42.754-6' #10 bag: $159.006-8', 1"Cal.

Pin Cherry (Fire Cherry)
Prunus pensylvanica
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 20'-35'
Width: 10'-20'
Sun: full
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: drupe
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 2
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Fragrant flowers. Ovoid to columnar form. Exfoliating, golden-tan to reddish-brown bark. Found along forest edge, open woods, and pastures. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #01 bag: $16.45

Wild Black Cherry
Prunus serotina
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 50'-60'
Width: 23'-30'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high, medium, low
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: loam
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: black
Fruit Type: drupe
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Shade Tree, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Flood intolerant. Columnar to ovoid form. Edge of woods, savanna, and alluvial bottomlands. Fragrant flowers. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.453-4' #05 bag: $42.754-6' #7: $74.456-8' #15 bag: $189.008-12', 1.25"C

Common Chokecherry
Prunus virginiana
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 20'-35'
Width: 12'-15'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: loam, tolerates most
Bloom Period: August-September
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: purple, black
Fruit Type: drupe
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Upright ovoid form. Attractive flower spikes in spring. Open woods, edge of forests, and open fields. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #02 bag/pot: $23.453-4'

Red Oak
Quercus rubra
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 60'-80'
Width: 40'-50'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: well-drained, sandy, loam
Fruit Type: nut
Fall Color: red
Zone: 4-7
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Shade Tree
Comments: Fast growth rate. Ovoid to globular form. Very high wildlife value. Do not prune in May-June.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.453-4' #5: $42.754-6' #10 bag: $159.006-10', 1"Cal. #15 bag: $195.008-12', 1.25"C

Black Willow
Salix nigra
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 35'-50'
Width: 20'-35'
Sun: full
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: tolerates most
Fall Color: yellow, green
Zone: 3-8
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement
Comments: Catkins. Open, ascending growth habit. Dark brown-black, deeply furrowed bark. Flood tolerant. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.4512-36"

American Basswood
Tilia americana
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 50'-60'
Width: 30'-40'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: loam
Flower Color: yellow, cream
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 3-6
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Shade Tree, Fragrant Garden
Comments: Clump-forming. Ovoid form. Shade tolerant. Flood intolerant. Fragrant flower clusters.
Retail Pricing #02 bag/pot: $23.453-4' #5: $42.754-6' #10 bag: $175.006-10', 1"Cal. #15 bag: $195.008-12', 1.25"C