70 Edible Garden Selections
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Common Juniper
Juniperus communis depressa
Category: Evergreen Shrubs
Height: 2'-5'
Width: 10'-20'
Sun: full
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: dry
Soil Types: well-drained, sandy, rocky, loam
Bloom Period: May-June
Fruit Color: blue
Fruit Type: cone
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: bronze
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Aromatic, fine-textured foliage. Dioecious. Drought-tolerant. Found abundantly in varied portions of northern and southeastern Minnesota growing on steep bluffs, river bottoms, margins of swamps.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.759-12" #02 bag: $32.0015-18"

Common Juniper 'Blueberry Delight'
Juniperus communis depressa 'AmiDak'
Category: Evergreen Shrubs
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 4'
Sun: full
Soil Types: well-drained
Fruit Color: blue
Fruit Type: cone
Edible Parts: fruit
Recommended: Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Retail Pricing #2: $28.00 #5: $45.00

Spreading Juniper
Juniperus horizontalis
Category: Evergreen Shrubs
Height: 6"-8"
Width: 6'-12'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Types: well-drained sand, loam, clay tolerant
Fruit Color: blue
Fruit Type: cone
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: blue, purple
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Fragrant Garden, Groundcover, Edible Garden
Comments: Low, spreading deep green foliage. Forms dense groundcover. Abundant in far north of Minnesota and occurs locally on exposed sandstone cliffs in southeastern Minnesota.
Retail Pricing #2: $32.0015-18"

Eastern Red Cedar
Juniperus virginiana
Category: Evergreen / Coniferous Trees
Height: 45'
Width: 15'-20'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Types: sand, silty clay, rocky
Fruit Color: blue
Fruit Type: cone
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: maroon, purple
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Drought and heat tolerant. Berry-like cones add interest and attract birds in autumn.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.759-18" #2: $28.0018-24"

Prairie Dropseed
Sporobolus heterolepis
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 2'-4'
Width: 2'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sand, loam
Edible Parts: seeds
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Fine-textured leaves form a fountain-like hummock. Excellent for borders/massing. Warm-season growth. Fragrant flowers smell like popcorn. Seeds can be ground into flour.
Retail Pricing #01 pot/bag: $9.95 #2: $15.00

Saskatoon Serviceberry ref
Amelanchier alnifolia
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 8'-10'
Width: 8'-10'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: May
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: blue, black
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Edible Garden
Comments: Thicket-forming.
For reference only. Not currently stocked.

Regent Serviceberry
Amelanchier alnifolia 'Regent'
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 4'-6'
Width: 5'-6'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: well-drained loam, sand tolerant
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: blue, purple, black
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Upright branching habit. Drought tolerant. Sweet fruit.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $24.7515-18" #05 bag: $37.5018-24"

Inland Serviceberry
Amelanchier interior
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 15'-30'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sandy loam
Bloom Period: April-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: purple, black
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Edible Garden
Comments: Moderately shade tolerant.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.506-12"

Sand (Roundleaf) Serviceberry
Amelanchier sanguinea
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-8'
Width: 6'-8'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: sandy loam
Bloom Period: May
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: red, purple
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Rounded habit. Blue-green leaves.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.506-12" JULY

Running Serviceberry
Amelanchier stolonifera
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-4'
Width: 5'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: sandy loam
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: blue, purple
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Low, spreading habit.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.506-12" #2: $25.0015-18"

Glossy Black Chokeberry
Aronia melanocarpa
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 4'-6'
Width: 4'+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-October
Fruit Color: blue, black
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Standard industry cultivar with glossy, dark green leaves and large berry clusters. Upright habit. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18" #07 bag: $43.4524-36" Native Black Chokeberry #1: $16.50 #02 bag: $23.45

Native Black Chokeberry
Aronia melanocarpa 'Rusk Co.'
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 5'
Width: 5'+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: peaty, sandy, rocky
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-October
Fruit Color: blue, black
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Local seed source: leaves are smaller & plant grows denser. Rhizomatous.

New Jersey Tea
Ceanothus americanus
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 3'-5'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sandy/gravelly loam/clay
Bloom Period: June-August
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: orange, black
Fruit Type: drupe
Edible Parts: leaves
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee, Deer, Bumblebee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Erect habit. Fruit is 3-lobed capsule; interesting seedheads. Nitrogen fixer. Drought tolerant. Fire resistant. Protect from rabbits when young. Leaves can be made into tea.
Retail Pricing #1: $15.006-12" JUNE

Sweet Fern
Comptonia peregrina
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 4'+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sandy loam
Fruit Color: green, brown
Fruit Type: nutlet
Edible Parts: leaves
Fall Color: red, yellow, brown
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Fragrant, deep green, fernlike foliage used for potpourri. Catkins. Bur-like fruit. Rhizomatous colonizer. Grows well under pines.
Retail Pricing #1: $21.006-12" #2: $28.0015-18"

Bunchberry ref
Cornus canadensis
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6"-9"
Width: 6"+
Sun: part, shade
Soil Types: acidic (pH 4.5-6), fine loam/organic
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-October
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, maroon, purple
Zone: 2-3
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Groundcover, Edible Garden
Comments: Glossy foliage. Rhizomatous colonizer.
For reference only. Not currently stocked.

American Hazelnut
Corylus americana
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-12'
Width: 6'-12'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: well-drained, gravelly loam to heavy clay
Bloom Period: May
Flower Color: green, brown, maroon
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: brown
Fruit Type: nut
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, maroon, bronze
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Edible Garden
Comments: High wildlife value. Good for massing. Edible nut in fringed husk.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.4515-18" #05 bag: $31.7524-36" #7: $43.452-3' JUNE

Beaked Hazelnut
Corylus cornuta
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-12'
Width: 6'-12'
Sun: part, shade
Soil Types: well-drained, gravelly loam, heavy clay
Bloom Period: May
Flower Color: brown, maroon
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: brown
Fruit Type: nut
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 2-3
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Edible Garden
Comments: Catkins. Edible nut. High wildlife value. Flood intolerant.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12"

Labrador Tea ref
Ledum groenlandicum
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'
Width: 3'+
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Soil Types: acidic (pH 3-5.5)
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Edible Parts: leaves
Fall Color: maroon, purple
Wildlife: Bee, Bumblebee
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Rhododendron-like evergreen/semi-evergreen shrub of wet, acid forests & bogs. Fragrant flowers. Glossy, deep green leaves with fuzzy, white-to-cinnamon-colored underside. Silver to cinnamon pubescence on new stems. Smooth, grayish bark. Fire tolerant. Rhizomatous.
For reference only. Not currently stocked.

Western Sandcherry ref
Prunus besseyi
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 2'-4'
Width: 4'-6'
Sun: part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: sandy, rocky, clay
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: blue, purple, black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, maroon, purple
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Ornamental Garden, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Hills, open plains, slopes, shores of western MN. Shiny, gray-green leaves. Abundant 3/4" fruit.
For reference only. Not currently stocked.

Eastern Sandcherry
Prunus pumila
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 4'-6'
Width: 4'-6'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: August
Fruit Color: purple, black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Ornamental Garden, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Erect, upright habit. 3/4" fruit. Dark green leaves. Protect from rabbits until established. Suckering habit. Mix with prairie grasses & wildflowers.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12"

American Black Currant
Ribes americanum
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-6'
Width: 3'-6'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: yellow, white, cream
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: purple, black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.4515-18"

Pasture (Prickly) Gooseberry
Ribes cynosbati
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-6'
Width: 3'-6'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: July-August
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: purple, black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow, maroon, bronze, purple
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Open habit with thorns along branches & on fruit. Fragrant flowers. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12"

Missouri Gooseberry
Ribes missouriensis
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-6'
Width: 3'-6'
Sun: full, part, shade
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: April-June
Flower Color: green, white, cream
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: purple, black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: magenta, red, orange, yellow, maroon, purple
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Very shade tolerant. Upright, arching branches w/ reddish-brown spines. Fragrant flowers. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12"

Meadow Rose
Rosa blanda
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-6'
Width: 6'-8'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: pink
Fruit Period: July-September
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: hip
Edible Parts: fruit, flowers
Fall Color: red
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee, Bumblebee
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Ornamental Garden, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Open woodlands. Upright, branching habit. Fragrant flowers. Rhizomatous colonizer. Thornless new growth.
Retail Pricing #01 bag/pot: $13.756-12" #2: $24.4515-18"

Carolina Rose
Rosa carolina
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 6'-7'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: acidic, sand/loam
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: pink
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: hip
Edible Parts: fruit, flowers
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Bee, Bumblebee
Zone: 3-6
Recommended: Ornamental Garden, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Fragrant flowers. Rhizomatous colonizer.
Retail Pricing #2: $24.4515-18"

Swamp Rose
Rosa palustris
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 5'-8'
Width: 5'-8'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: pink
Fruit Color: red, orange
Fruit Type: hip
Edible Parts: fruit, flowers
Fall Color: red
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee, Bumblebee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Ornamental Garden, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Excellent deep green foliage. Profuse flowers. 1/2" hips. Rhizomatous colonizer. Native east of MN.
Retail Pricing #01 bag: $13.756-12"

Prairie Rose
Rosa setigera
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-10'
Width: 8'-10'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: average loam
Flower Color: pink
Fruit Color: red, orange
Fruit Type: hip
Edible Parts: fruit, flowers
Fall Color: red, orange
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee, Bumblebee
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Ornamental Garden, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12"

Highbush Blackberry
Rubus allegheniensis
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-6'
Width: 6'-12'
Sun: full, part
Soil Types: sandy loam/clay
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, maroon
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Rhizomatous colonizer. Sharp thorns.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18"

Northern Raspberry
Rubus idaeus canadensis
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-6'
Width: 6'-12'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Types: sandy/clay loam
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, yellow, maroon, purple
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Zone: 4
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Long, arching canes. Colonizer. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12" #02 bag: $23.4515-18"

Black Raspberry ref
Rubus occidentalis
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Sun: full, part
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: purple, black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Edible Garden
For reference only. Not currently stocked.

Thimbleberry low
Rubus parviflorus
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 4'-6'
Width: 3'+
Sun: part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: alkaline
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow, maroon, bronze
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Edible Garden
Comments: Thornless. Large leaves. Showy, 1.5" flowers. Rhizomatous.
LOW STOCK! Hurry before they're gone!
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.4515-18"
Creeping Dewberry ref
Rubus spp.
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6"-1'
Width: 1'+
Sun: part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: well-drained
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Groundcover, Edible Garden
Comments: Deeply-cut, fernlike foliage. Excellent woodland groundcover. Info based on R. hispida.
For reference only. Not currently stocked.
Shining Willow ref
Salix lucida
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 12'-18'
Width: 12'-18'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Soil Types: loam, tolerates most
Edible Parts: leaves
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Edible Garden
Comments: Found along streams, wet meadows, swamps, bogs, and lake margins. Glossy, yellow-green leaves. High wildlife value. Releases cotton-like seed.
For reference only. Not currently stocked.

American Elder
Sambucus canadensis
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 8'-10'
Width: 8'-10'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: blue, purple, black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit, flowers
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Flood tolerant. Adaptable. Fast growth. Rhizomatous. Excellent for pies, jams, and wine. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18"

Silver Buffaloberry
Shepherdia argentea
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 8'-10'
Width: 8'-10'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: loam
Flower Color: yellow
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: drupe
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Edible Garden
Comments: Dioecious. Drought tolerant. Nitrogen fixer. Thicket-forming with ascending branch habit. Thorns. Found in western prairies and shrub-grassland communities. Silvery, green foliage. Berries can be made into jam.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18"

Common Lowbush Blueberry
Vaccinium angustifolium
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 1'-2'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: sand, loam
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-September
Fruit Color: blue
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, maroon
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Zone: 2-3
Recommended: Groundcover, Edible Garden
Comments: Bell-shaped flowers. Flood tolerant.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.006-12"

Nannyberry Viburnum
Viburnum lentago
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 12'-20'
Width: 8'-20'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: loam, tolerates most
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: maroon
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Upright habit. Flat-topped flower clusters.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18" #5: $31.7524-36" #7: $45.0036-48"

American Highbush Cranberry
Viburnum trilobum
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-10'
Width: 6'-10'
Sun: full, part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: loam, organic peat
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: September-February
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, maroon
Wildlife: Beetle, Bird, Fly, Bee
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: AKA Viburnum opulus var. americanum. Dark green foliage. Flat-topped flower clusters. Fruit persists through winter. True type - not a hybrid cross!
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12" #2: $23.4515-18" #5: $31.7524-36" #7: $43.4536-48"

Sugar Maple
Acer saccharum
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 60'
Width: 40'-50'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: well-drained, loamy, sandy over clay
Bloom Period: April-June
Flower Color: yellow
Fruit Period: August-October
Fruit Type: samara
Edible Parts: sap
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Shade Tree, Edible Garden
Comments: Dark green foliage. Upright oval to rounded form. Fairly shade tolerant. Flood intolerant. Fire sensitive. Protect from wind. Sap is source of maple syrup. Very high wildlife value. One of Minnesota's finest over story trees.
Retail Pricing #01 bag/pot: $16.4512-36" #2: $23.453-4' #15 bag: $195.008-12', 1.25"C #20: $230.0010-12', 1.5"C

Black Sugar Maple
Acer saccharum nigrum
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 60'-75'
Width: 40'-60'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: well-drained, calciferous
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: yellow
Fruit Period: September-October
Fruit Type: samara
Edible Parts: sap
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Zone: 4-8
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Shade Tree, Edible Garden
Comments: Shade tolerant. Common on floodplains; moderate flood tolerance. More drought/heat tolerant than standard species.
Retail Pricing #1: $18.0012-36"

Downy Serviceberry
Amelanchier arborea
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 15'-25'
Width: 10'-15'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: well-drained
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: red, blue, purple, black
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Multi-stemmed tree occurring in rich woods, thickets, and hillsides of northeast and southeast MN. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #01 bag/pot: $16.45 #07 bag: $110.00 Downy Serviceberry-Multi Stem #07 bag: $110.006-8'

Allegheny Serviceberry
Amelanchier laevis
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 15'-25'
Width: 10'-15'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: red, purple
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Large shrub or small, multi-stemmed tree. Rhizomatous. Found on moist hillsides and in cool, rich, deciduous woods. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.4512-36" #2: $23.453-4' #05 bag: $42.754-6' #07 bag: $110.006-8' Allegheny Serviceberry-Multi St #07 bag: $110.006-8'

Apple Serviceberry ref
Amelanchier x grandiflora
Category: Deciduous Trees
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Wildlife: Bird
Recommended: Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
For reference only. Not currently stocked.

Autumn Brilliance Serviceberry
Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Autumn Brilliance'
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 15'-25'
Width: 15'-25'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Types: well-drained loam
Bloom Period: April
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange
Wildlife: Bird
Recommended: Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Retail Pricing #15 bag: $189.00
Shagbark Hickory
Carya ovata
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 50'-75'
Width: 25'-35'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sandy, rocky, loam, clay
Bloom Period: May-June
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Type: nut
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow, bronze
Zone: 4-7
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Catkins. Shaggy, exfoliating bark. Long-lived. Slow growing. Drought tolerant. Shade tolerant. Fire sensitive. Flood intolerant. Edible nut in woody husk. Native to southeastern MN.
Retail Pricing #1: $25.006"

Cockspur Hawthorn out
Crataegus crus-galli
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 20'-30'
Width: 20'-30'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: tolerates most
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 4-6
Recommended: Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Deep green, glossy foliage. Drought tolerant. Good rust resistance. Wide-spreading, low-branched. Profuse flowers. Thorny branches. Native to Illinois.
Out of stock. Prices/sizes for reference only.
Fleshy (Long-Thorned) Hawthorn ref
Crataegus macracantha
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 6'-20'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: orange, yellow, bronze
Wildlife: Bird
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Edible Garden
Comments: Large thorns.
For reference only. Not currently stocked.

Butternut
Juglans cinerea
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 40'-60'
Width: 30'-50'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: sandy, silty, loam
Flower Color: yellow, green
Fruit Period: September-October
Fruit Color: yellow
Fruit Type: nut
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow, brown, bronze
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Grows in river bottoms and rich woods. Gray bark.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.453-4'

Black Walnut
Juglans nigra
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 50'-75'
Width: 50'-75'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: well-drained, deep, loam
Flower Color: yellow, green
Fruit Period: September-October
Fruit Color: green, brown
Fruit Type: nut
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 4-7
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Drought tolerant. Prized timber wood.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.453-4' #5: $45.004-6'

Sweet Crabapple
Malus coronaria
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 15'-30'
Width: 20'-30'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: well-drained, loam, sand, clay
Flower Color: pink, white
Fruit Color: yellow, green
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow, bronze
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 4-7
Recommended: Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Attractive to wildlife & pollinators. Fragrant flowers. Native to southeast WI.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.45
Prairie Crab
Malus ioensis
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 20'-35'
Width: 20'-35'
Sun: full
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: tolerates most
Flower Color: pink
Fruit Color: yellow, green
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, green, maroon
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 4-5
Recommended: Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Prefers moist soil. Grows in open woods, rocky hillsides, pastures, and woodland margins. Fragrant flowers. Good wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.4512-36" #02 bag: $23.453-4'

Red Mulberry ref
Morus rubra
Category: Deciduous Trees
Fruit Period: June-August
Fruit Color: red, purple, black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Invasive white mulberry (Morus alba) genetics have hybridized with & caused a loss of native strains.
For reference only. Not currently stocked.

American Plum
Prunus americana
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 20'-35'
Width: 20'-35'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: loam
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: red, purple
Fruit Type: drupe
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Drought tolerant. Globular form with horizontal branching habit. Thicket-forming. Found at forest edges, open oak woods, and rocky hillsides. Profuse flowers with strong sweet-spice fragrance.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.452/3 ft #05 bag: $42.754-6' #10 bag: $159.006-8', 1"Cal.

Pin Cherry (Fire Cherry)
Prunus pensylvanica
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 20'-35'
Width: 10'-20'
Sun: full
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: drupe
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 2
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Fragrant flowers. Ovoid to columnar form. Exfoliating, golden-tan to reddish-brown bark. Found along forest edge, open woods, and pastures. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #01 bag: $16.45

Wild Black Cherry
Prunus serotina
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 50'-60'
Width: 23'-30'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high, medium, low
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: loam
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: black
Fruit Type: drupe
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Shade Tree, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Flood intolerant. Columnar to ovoid form. Edge of woods, savanna, and alluvial bottomlands. Fragrant flowers. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.453-4' #05 bag: $42.754-6' #15 bag: $189.008-12', 1.25"C

Common Chokecherry
Prunus virginiana
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 20'-35'
Width: 12'-15'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: loam, tolerates most
Bloom Period: August-September
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: purple, black
Fruit Type: drupe
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Upright ovoid form. Attractive flower spikes in spring. Open woods, edge of forests, and open fields. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #02 bag/pot: $23.453-4'

Chinquapin (Chinkapin) Oak
Quercus muehlenbergii
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 40'-60'
Width: 50'-70'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: well-drained, rocky, fertile loam
Bloom Period: April
Flower Color: yellow, green
Fruit Type: nut
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow, brown
Recommended: Shade Tree, Edible Garden
Comments: Drought tolerant. Long-lived. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.45 #2: $23.45

Riverbank Grape
Vitis riparia
Category: Vines
Height: 35'-75'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: May-June
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: blue, purple
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 2-6
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Edible Garden
Comments: Flood tolerant. Vigorous climber. Forked tendrils. River banks, wooded bottomlands, wet ravines, and rich woods. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.75

Fragrant Hyssop
Agastache foeniculum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-4'
Width: 1'-2'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: June-August
Flower Color: purple, violet, lavender
Edible Parts: leaves
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Bee, Wasp, Hummingbird
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Fragrant Garden, Rabbit Resistant, Edible Garden
Comments: Glossy, dark green foliage. Anise-scented flowers & foliage. Loved by bumblebees, hummingbirds, finches, and butterflies.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Nodding Onion
Allium cernuum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 6"-1'
Sun: full, part
Bloom Period: July-August
Flower Color: pink
Edible Parts: leaves, shoots, bulbs
Wildlife: Bee
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Fragrant Garden, Rabbit Resistant, Edible Garden
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Prairie Onion
Allium stellatum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-1'4"
Width: 4"-8"
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: July-August
Flower Color: pink
Edible Parts: leaves, shoots, bulbs
Wildlife: Bee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Fragrant Garden, Rabbit Resistant, Edible Garden
Comments: Aromatic. Readily reseeds.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Wild Leek
Allium tricoccum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 8"
Width: 4"-8"
Sun: part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: white
Edible Parts: leaves, shoots, bulbs
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Fragrant Garden, Rabbit Resistant, Edible Garden
Comments: Leaves may go dormant before flowers emerge.
Retail Pricing 4" pot: $12.95

Smooth Blue Aster
Aster laevis
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-5'
Width: 1'-2'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: August-October
Flower Color: blue, lavender
Edible Parts: leaves
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Long-lived perennial. Blue-green foliage. Sturdy stems.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Ground Plum
Astragalus crassicarpus
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 6"-1'
Width: 1'
Sun: full
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: dry
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: pink, magenta, purple
Fruit Color: red, purple
Fruit Type: pod
Edible Parts: fruit
Recommended: Groundcover, Edible Garden
Comments: Clump-forming. Excellent in dry soils.
Retail Pricing 4" pot: $8.75
Wild Hyacinth
Camassia scilloides
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'
Width: 8"-1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: acidic, rich, clay tolerant
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: blue
Edible Parts: bulbs
Zone: 4-8
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Good for pollinators. Dormant by midsummer. Native to WI. Bulbs are edible, but plants can easily be confused with the extremely toxic Death Camas (Zigadenus).
Retail Pricing 4" pot: $15.00

Wild Strawberry
Fragaria virginiana
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 6"
Width: 8"+
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: red
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, maroon
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Groundcover, Edible Garden
Comments: Tasty, edible 3/8" fruit in summer. Spreads by runners. Excellent groundcover.
Retail Pricing Sod Flat: $39.00 #1: $9.95

Bee Balm/Wild Bergamot
Monarda fistulosa
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-4'
Width: 1'6"+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: June-August
Flower Color: pink, lavender
Edible Parts: leaves, flowers
Wildlife: Bird, Bee, Wasp, Hummingbird, Bumblebee
Recommended: Fragrant Garden, Rabbit Resistant, Edible Garden
Comments: Fragrant foliage. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Birdfoot Violet ref
Viola pedata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 4"-10"
Width: 1'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: dry
Soil Types: sandy, rocky
Bloom Period: April-June
Flower Color: purple, violet, lavender
Edible Parts: flowers
Wildlife: Butterfly
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Excellent in dry, rocky areas.
For reference only. Not currently stocked.
Prairie Violet
Viola pedatifida
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 6"-9"
Width: 6"
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: sandy loam
Bloom Period: May
Flower Color: violet, lavender
Edible Parts: flowers
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Deeply-lobed foliage. Southern MN prairies.
Retail Pricing 4" pot: $8.75

Downy Yellow Violet
Viola pubescens
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 6"-1'
Width: 1'
Sun: part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: cool
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: yellow
Edible Parts: flowers
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Groundcover, Edible Garden
Comments: Woodland margins & borders.
Retail Pricing 4" pot: $8.75