254 In-Stock Selections
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Common Juniper
Juniperus communis depressa
Category: Evergreen Shrubs
Height: 2'-5'
Width: 10'-20'
Sun: full
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: dry
Soil Types: well-drained, sandy, rocky, loam
Bloom Period: May-June
Fruit Color: blue
Fruit Type: cone
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: bronze
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Aromatic, fine-textured foliage. Dioecious. Drought-tolerant. Found abundantly in varied portions of northern and southeastern Minnesota growing on steep bluffs, river bottoms, margins of swamps.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.759-12" #02 bag: $32.0015-18"

Common Juniper 'Blueberry Delight'
Juniperus communis depressa 'AmiDak'
Category: Evergreen Shrubs
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 4'
Sun: full
Soil Types: well-drained
Fruit Color: blue
Fruit Type: cone
Edible Parts: fruit
Recommended: Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Retail Pricing #2: $28.00 #5: $45.00

Spreading Juniper
Juniperus horizontalis
Category: Evergreen Shrubs
Height: 6"-8"
Width: 6'-12'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Types: well-drained sand, loam, clay tolerant
Fruit Color: blue
Fruit Type: cone
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: blue, purple
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Fragrant Garden, Groundcover, Edible Garden
Comments: Low, spreading deep green foliage. Forms dense groundcover. Abundant in far north of Minnesota and occurs locally on exposed sandstone cliffs in southeastern Minnesota.
Retail Pricing #2: $32.0015-18"

Canada Yew
Taxus canadensis
Category: Evergreen Shrubs
Height: 1'-5'
Width: 8'
Sun: full, part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: well-drained
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: aril
Wildlife: Deer
Comments: Toxic foliage. Browsed by deer. Rare in the nursery trade.
Retail Pricing #01 bag/pot: $29.009-12"

Balsam Fir
Abies balsamea
Category: Evergreen / Coniferous Trees
Height: 50'
Width: 20'
Sun: full, part, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: cool, loamy, saturated peat, clay tolerant
Bloom Period: May-June
Fruit Type: cone
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Fragrant Garden
Comments: Shade tolerant. Shiny, dark green aromatic needles. Tree becomes open with age. The only Fir native to Minnesota.
Retail Pricing #02 bag/pot: $28.0018-24" #07 bag: $75.0036-48"

Eastern Red Cedar
Juniperus virginiana
Category: Evergreen / Coniferous Trees
Height: 45'
Width: 15'-20'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Types: sand, silty clay, rocky
Fruit Color: blue
Fruit Type: cone
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: maroon, purple
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Drought and heat tolerant. Berry-like cones add interest and attract birds in autumn.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.759-18" #2: $28.0018-24"

Tamarack
Larix laricina
Category: Evergreen / Coniferous Trees
Height: 60'
Width: 30'-35'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: acidic (pH 4.8-7.5)
Fruit Type: cone
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Ornamental Garden
Comments: Deciduous conifer. Grows with Black Spruce in bogs. Bright green needles turn yellow in autumn. Early Americans used the soft needles to stuff pillows. Wonderful specimen or mass planting.
Retail Pricing #3: $49.00 #07 bag: $110.004-5' #15 bag: $175.009-12', 1.25"C #25: $248.00

White Spruce
Picea glauca
Category: Evergreen / Coniferous Trees
Height: 50'
Width: 12'-16'
Sun: full
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: acidic, loam, clay tolerant
Fruit Type: cone
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Deer Resistant
Comments: Native species to northern coniferous forests and wetland edges. Pale green foliage with open, lacy pyramidal canopy.
Retail Pricing #2: $26.7518-24" #05 bag: $42.7524-36" #7: $62.0036-48"

Black Spruce
Picea mariana
Category: Evergreen / Coniferous Trees
Height: 50'
Width: 10'-15'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: acidic, nutrient-poor
Fruit Type: cone
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Deer Resistant
Comments: Grows with Tamarack in peat bogs. Short, dark green needles and pendulous cones. Very upright growth habit.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $26.7518-24" #5: $42.7524-36" #10: $98.004-5'

Jack Pine
Pinus banksiana
Category: Evergreen / Coniferous Trees
Height: 50'
Width: 20'-35'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium
Soil Types: sandy, well-drained
Fruit Type: cone
Zone: 2-3
Comments: Drought tolerant. Short needles. An upright, picturesque tree of the Pine Barrens.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.759-18" #5: $47.0024-36" #20: $225.0060-72"

Red Pine
Pinus resinosa
Category: Evergreen / Coniferous Trees
Height: 75'
Width: 35'-55'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sandy, loamy
Fruit Type: cone
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Deer Resistant
Comments: MN State Tree, aka Norway Pine. Upland forests. Long, dark green needles. Reddish bark. Canopy becomes open and flat-topped with age.
Retail Pricing #01 bag/pot: $16.759-18" #2: $26.7518-24" #7: $64.0036-48"

White Pine
Pinus strobus
Category: Evergreen / Coniferous Trees
Height: 65'-75'
Width: 35'-55'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: well-drained to heavy clay; tolerates most
Fruit Type: cone
Zone: 3-7
Comments: Soft, blue-green needles. Originally grew as far south where the St. Croix and Mississippi Rivers intersect. Remnant stands survived the logging days. Picturesque, horizontal branching habit.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.759-18" #2: $26.7518-24" #5: $42.7524-36" #7: $89.004-5'

Northern White Cedar
Thuja occidentalis
Category: Evergreen / Coniferous Trees
Height: 45'-60'
Width: 10'-12'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: tolerates most, rocky
Fruit Type: cone
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Fragrant Garden
Comments: Foliage is very aromatic; used for incense, medicine wreaths and other decorations. Excellent for hedges and screening. Long-lived.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $26.7518-24" #05 bag: $45.0024-36" #20: $225.00

Canadian Hemlock low
Tsuga canadensis
Category: Evergreen / Coniferous Trees
Height: 55'-60'
Width: 30'-35'
Sun: full, part, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: well-drained loam
Fruit Type: cone
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Fragrant Garden
Comments: Rare native Minnesota large tree. Requires protection from drying winter winds. Shade tolerant. Excellent for hedges or mixed evergreen tree plantings. Wisconsin seed source.
LOW STOCK! Hurry before they're gone!
Retail Pricing #15: $225.0048-60"

Lady Fern
Athyrium filix-femina
Category: Ferns
Height: 1'6"-2'
Sun: part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: Well-drained, rich loam.
Zone: 4-5
Comments: Rhizomatous. Soft, fine-textured foliage. Vase-shaped form. Protect from afternoon sun.
Retail Pricing #1: $14.00

Glade Fern
Diplazium pycnocarpon
Category: Ferns
Height: 1'6"-3'
Sun: part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: loamy, silty
Comments: Adaptable. Southeast MN. Wooded slopes, ravines, stream banks. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $14.00

Oak Fern
Gymnocarpium dryopteris
Category: Ferns
Height: 6"-1'
Width: 1'
Sun: part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: well-drained; sand & clay tolerant
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Groundcover
Comments: Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $14.00

Ostrich Fern
Matteuccia struthiopteris
Category: Ferns
Height: 2'-4'
Sun: full, part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: acidic loam
Zone: 3-4
Comments: Vase-shaped form. Large, featherlike fronds. Wonderful for massing or as a specimen.
Retail Pricing #1: $14.00

Royal Fern
Osmunda regalis
Category: Ferns
Height: 3'-5'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: organic, sandy/rocky/gravelly, acidic
Retail Pricing #1: $14.00

Christmas Fern
Polystichum acrostichoides
Category: Ferns
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 1'-3'
Sun: part, shade
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: well-drained, humus-rich
Zone: 3-8
Recommended: Groundcover
Comments: Evergreen/semi-evergreen. Use as an accent or massed as a groundcover.
Retail Pricing #1: $14.00

Big Bluestem
Andropogon gerardii
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 3'-8'
Width: 1'6"
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: loam, clay
Fall Color: bronze, silver, blue
Zone: 3-5
Comments: "Turkey foot" shaped seed heads. Clump-forming. Warm-season growth.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Side Oats Grama
Bouteloua curtipendula
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 1'6"
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sand, loam
Zone: 3-4
Comments: Classic prairie grass. Good for massing with short wildflowers. Clump-forming. Warm-season growth.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Blue Grama
Bouteloua gracilis
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 6"-1'6"
Width: 1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic-dry, dry
Flower Color: green, purple
Comments: Clump-forming. Warm-season growth. Drought tolerant.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Bebb's Oval Sedge
Carex bebbii
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 1'6"
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Comments: Clump-forming. Cool-season growth. A wonderful sedge for wetland restoration, lake shores, and rain gardens. An essential food source for many birds and waterfowl.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Prairie Sedge
Carex bicknellii
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 3'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Longhair Sedge
Carex comosa
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 2'-4'
Width: 1'6"-2'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high, medium
Comments: Wetlands & raingardens. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Fringed Sedge
Carex crinita
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 2'-5'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Fruit Period: June-August
Zone: 4-5
Comments: Attractive nodding seedhead. Light green, arching foliage. Clump-forming. Cool-season growth.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Porcupine Sedge
Carex hysteriana
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 1'-1'6"
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Common Lake Sedge
Carex lacustris
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 1'6"-4'
Sun: full, part, shade
Water Use: high
Soil Moisture: wet
Bloom Period: May-July
Fruit Color: brown
Comments: Tolerates standing water; good for shoreline restoration. Stout, grass-like leaves. Cool-season growth. Vigorous spreader. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Hop Sedge
Carex lupulina
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 2'+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Comments: Tolerates light shade.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Palm (Swamp Oval) Sedge
Carex muskingumensis
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 1'
Sun: full, part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: clay tolerant
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: green
Zone: 4-7
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Groundcover
Comments: Use as a groundcover or accent.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Pennsylvania Sedge
Carex pennsylvanica
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 6"-12'
Sun: full, part, shade
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sand, loam
Zone: 4-5
Recommended: Groundcover
Comments: Graceful, arching, dark green foliage. Excellent for massing in woodlands. Rhizomatous. Cool-season growth.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Tussock Sedge
Carex stricta
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 1'-3'
Width: 1'6"
Sun: full
Water Use: high
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Zone: 2-5
Comments: Clump-forming. Fine-textured foliage. Cool-season growth. Useful in wetland and shoreline restoration, as well as raingardens.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Sweet Grass
Hierochloe odorata
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 1'-2'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Fragrant Garden
Comments: Rhizomatous. Cool-season growth. Sweet aromatic fragrance; leaves used as incense by Native Americans. Shorter than Canadian species.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Bottlebrush Grass
Hystrix patula
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 3'-4'
Width: 1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: well-drained
Zone: 3-5
Comments: Attractive seedheads. Found along woodland margins. Excellent for massing. Cool-season growth.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Soft Rush
Juncus effusus
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 2'-4'
Width: 1'-2'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: green
Fruit Period: July-August
Zone: 3-4
Comments: Clump-forming. Flowered inflorescence appear on the sides of the stems. Found in wet meadows, marshes, and shorelines.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Path Rush
Juncus tenuis
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 4"-1'4"
Width: 1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Fruit Color: brown
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Groundcover
Comments: Excellent for massing/borders & making a seamless prairie garden Fine-textured foliage. Cool-season growth. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

June Grass
Koeleria macrantha
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 1'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: dry
Soil Types: sand, loam
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: green, silver
Zone: 3-5
Comments: Short accent grass. Cool-season growth.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Little Bluestem
Schizachyrium scoparius
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 1'6"
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Fall Color: red, yellow, bronze, blue
Zone: 4-5
Comments: Mixes well with & supports smaller wildflowers. Clump-forming. Warm-season growth.
Retail Pricing #01 pot/bag: $9.95 4" pot: $6.50
Wool Grass
Scirpus cyperinus
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 3'-5'
Width: 2'-3'
Sun: full
Water Use: high, medium
Fruit Color: brown
Comments: Large seedheads. Excellent in raingardens.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Prairie Dropseed
Sporobolus heterolepis
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 2'-4'
Width: 2'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sand, loam
Edible Parts: seeds
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Fine-textured leaves form a fountain-like hummock. Excellent for borders/massing. Warm-season growth. Fragrant flowers smell like popcorn. Seeds can be ground into flour.
Retail Pricing #01 pot/bag: $9.95 #2: $15.00

Porcupine Grass
Stipa spartea
Category: Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Height: 3'-4'
Width: 1'6"-2'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: May-June
Wildlife: Butterfly
Comments: Clump-forming. Cool-season growth. Long awns twist with moisture changes to self-plant the seeds.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Regent Serviceberry
Amelanchier alnifolia 'Regent'
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 4'-6'
Width: 5'-6'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: well-drained loam, sand tolerant
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: blue, purple, black
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Upright branching habit. Drought tolerant. Sweet fruit.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $24.7515-18"

Inland Serviceberry
Amelanchier interior
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 15'-30'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sandy loam
Bloom Period: April-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: purple, black
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Edible Garden
Comments: Moderately shade tolerant.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.506-12"

Running Serviceberry
Amelanchier stolonifera
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-4'
Width: 5'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: sandy loam
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: blue, purple
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Low, spreading habit.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.506-12" #2: $25.0015-18"

Leadplant
Amorpha canescens
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 2'-3'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sandy/gravelly loam
Bloom Period: June-August
Flower Color: purple
Fruit Period: August-October
Fruit Type: pod
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant
Comments: Gray-green foliage. Needs excellent drainage. Taproot. Nitrogen fixer. 1-seeded, hairy pods.
Retail Pricing #01 pot/bag: $15.00 #02 bag: $23.45

False Indigo
Amorpha fruticosa
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 8'-10'
Width: 10'-12'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high, medium, low
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: sandy, loam, clay
Bloom Period: April-July
Flower Color: purple, violet
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: brown
Fruit Type: pod
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Fragrant Garden
Comments: River bottoms & floodplains. Flood tolerant. Attractive, fragrant flower spikes. Nitrogen fixer. 1-seeded, hairy pods.
Retail Pricing #01 bag: $13.756-12" #02 bag/pot: $23.4515-18"

Glossy Black Chokeberry
Aronia melanocarpa
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 4'-6'
Width: 4'+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-October
Fruit Color: blue, black
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Standard industry cultivar with glossy, dark green leaves and large berry clusters. Upright habit. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18" #07 bag: $43.4524-36" Native Black Chokeberry #1: $16.50 #02 bag: $23.45

Native Black Chokeberry
Aronia melanocarpa 'Rusk Co.'
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 5'
Width: 5'+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: peaty, sandy, rocky
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-October
Fruit Color: blue, black
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Local seed source: leaves are smaller & plant grows denser. Rhizomatous.

New Jersey Tea
Ceanothus americanus
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 3'-5'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sandy/gravelly loam/clay
Bloom Period: June-August
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: orange, black
Fruit Type: drupe
Edible Parts: leaves
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee, Deer, Bumblebee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Erect habit. Fruit is 3-lobed capsule; interesting seedheads. Nitrogen fixer. Drought tolerant. Fire resistant. Protect from rabbits when young. Leaves can be made into tea.
Retail Pricing #1: $15.006-12"

Red Root / Narrow-Leaf New Jersey Tea
Ceanothus ovatus
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'
Width: 1'6"-3'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: well-drained
Bloom Period: June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: orange, black
Fruit Type: drupe
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee, Deer, Bumblebee
Recommended: Ornamental Garden
Comments: Fruit is 3-lobed capsule. Nitrogen fixer. Protect from deer.
Retail Pricing #1: $15.00

Buttonbush
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-12'
Width: 6'-12'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Bloom Period: June-August
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: brown
Fruit Type: nutlet
Fall Color: yellow, brown
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Zone: 4-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Fragrant Garden
Comments: Found along stream banks, swamps, low areas. Fragrant 'pin-cushion' shaped flowers. Fuzzy, button-like fruit.
Retail Pricing #01 bag: $13.756-12" #2: $24.7515-18"

Sweet Fern
Comptonia peregrina
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 4'+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sandy loam
Fruit Color: green, brown
Fruit Type: nutlet
Edible Parts: leaves
Fall Color: red, yellow, brown
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Fragrant, deep green, fernlike foliage used for potpourri. Catkins. Bur-like fruit. Rhizomatous colonizer. Grows well under pines.
Retail Pricing #1: $21.006-12" #2: $28.0015-18"

Silky Dogwood
Cornus amomum
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-12'
Width: 6'-12'
Sun: full
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: blue
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow, maroon, bronze, purple
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 4-5
Recommended: Ornamental Garden
Comments: Flood & salt intolerant. Reddish-purple bark.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.4515-18" #7: $43.4536-48"

Gray Dogwood
Cornus racemosa
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 8'-12'
Width: 6'-10'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: white
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: red, maroon, purple
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement
Comments: Showy flower clusters. Upright branching habit. Colonizer. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18" #07 bag: $45.00

Roundleaf Dogwood
Cornus rugosa
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-10'
Width: 8'-12'
Sun: part, shade
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: well-drained, sandy, loamy, rocky
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: white, cream
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: blue
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: magenta, red, yellow, maroon, bronze
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement
Comments: Colony forming by root suckers. Greenish-gray bark. Moderate shade tolerance. Slopes.
Retail Pricing #2: $28.0015-18"

Red-Twigged Dogwood
Cornus sericea
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-12'
Width: 6'-12'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Bloom Period: May-August
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: white
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: red, yellow, maroon, purple
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Flood tolerant. Common shrub of shorelines and wetlands. Red branches in late fall/winter and on new growth. White pith. Stems used for basket weaving and wreaths.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18" #05 bag/pot: $31.7524-36"

American Hazelnut
Corylus americana
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-12'
Width: 6'-12'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: well-drained, gravelly loam to heavy clay
Bloom Period: May
Flower Color: green, brown, maroon
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: brown
Fruit Type: nut
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, maroon, bronze
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Edible Garden
Comments: High wildlife value. Good for massing. Edible nut in fringed husk.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.4515-18" #05 bag: $31.7524-36" #15 bag: $79.00 #20: $79.00

Beaked Hazelnut
Corylus cornuta
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-12'
Width: 6'-12'
Sun: part, shade
Soil Types: well-drained, gravelly loam, heavy clay
Bloom Period: May
Flower Color: brown, maroon
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: brown
Fruit Type: nut
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 2-3
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Edible Garden
Comments: Catkins. Edible nut. High wildlife value. Flood intolerant.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12"

Bronzeleaf Diervilla
Diervilla lonicera
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-4'
Width: 3'+
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: yellow
Fall Color: red, orange, bronze
Wildlife: Bee, Bumblebee
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Rhizomatous colonizer. Excellent for massing & erosion control. Bronze-green foliage. Self-sterile.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12" #2: $23.4515-18" #05 bag/pot: $31.7524-36"

Leatherwood
Dirca palustris
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-6'
Width: 3'-6'
Sun: shade
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: March-April
Flower Color: yellow, white, cream
Fruit Period: May-June
Fruit Color: green, black
Fruit Type: drupe
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Ornamental Garden
Comments: Difficult to propagate. Common in northern deciduous/mixed & Sugar Maple woods. Pliable branches. Showy flowers bloom before leaves emerge. Flowers and sets fruit in deep shade.
Retail Pricing #1: $49.00

Eastern Wahoo
Euonymus atropurpurea
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 12'-20'
Width: 15'-20'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: well-drained
Bloom Period: June
Flower Color: red, purple, maroon
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: magenta, red
Wildlife: Bird
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Showy fruit. Juglone tolerant.
Retail Pricing #1: $49.006-12"

Wintergreen
Gaultheria procumbens
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6"
Width: 6"+
Sun: part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: acidic
Bloom Period: May-August
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: red
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Ornamental Garden, Fragrant Garden, Groundcover
Comments: Spreading, aromatic groundcover. Rhizomatous. Thick, glossy leaves. Bell-shaped flowers. Berries persist through winter.
Retail Pricing Sod Flat: $49.00

Common Witch Hazel
Hamamelis virginiana
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 20'-30'
Width: 25'-35'
Sun: full, part, shade
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: loam
Flower Color: yellow
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 4-7
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Horizontal branching habit. Spider-like flowers after leaves drop. Excellent specimen plant.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18" #05 bag: $31.7524-36" #10 bag: $79.0036" - +

St. John's Wort
Hypericum kalmianum
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 3'-4'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Flower Color: yellow
Fruit Period: July-August
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Zone: 4-5
Comments: Showy flowers. Blue-green foliage. Round, dense habit. Excellent for shrub borders.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12"

Winterberry
Ilex verticillata
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-10'
Width: 6'-8'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: acidic (pH 4.5-6), well-drained, sandy, loam, clay
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: green, white, cream
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: yellow, maroon
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Dioecious. Showy, poisonous fruit. Flood tolerant.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12" #2: $23.4515-18" #5: $31.7524-36" Male Winterberry #02 bag: $23.4515-18" Unsexed Winterberry #1: $13.756-12" #02 bag/pot: $23.4515-18" #5: $31.7524-36"

Common Ninebark
Physocarpus opulifolius
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 8'-10'
Width: 8'-10'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: average, loam, clay, sand
Bloom Period: July
Flower Color: pink, white
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: maroon, purple
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Dense growth habit. Showy flower clusters. Yellow-green foliage. Excellent for hedging. Flood intolerant.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.4515-18" #07 bag: $43.4536-48"

Bush Cinquefoil / Native Potentilla
Potentilla fruticosa
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 2'-4'
Width: 2'-4'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: yellow
Fall Color: yellow, brown
Recommended: Ornamental Garden
Comments: AKA Dasiphora fruticosa. Fine-textured foliage. Long bloom period.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12"

Fragrant Sumac
Rhus aromatica
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 5'-6'
Width: 6'-8'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: well-drained, sandy/gravelly loam
Bloom Period: May
Flower Color: yellow
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: red
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird
Zone: 4-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Ornamental Garden, Fragrant Garden, Rabbit Resistant
Comments: Aromatic foliage. Found in oak openings & upland wood borders. Excellent for erosion control.
Retail Pricing #5: $31.7524-36"

Gro-Low Sumac
Rhus aromatica 'Gro-Low'
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 6'-7'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: well-drained
Bloom Period: May
Flower Color: yellow
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: red, orange
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird
Zone: 4-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Ornamental Garden, Fragrant Garden, Rabbit Resistant
Comments: Spreading habit. Fragrant, shiny green foliage. Excellent for massing/slopes. Clonal selection of R. aromatica.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.4515-18"

Smooth Sumac
Rhus glabra
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-8'
Width: 10'-12'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: dry
Soil Types: well-drained
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: yellow, green
Fruit Period: July-September
Fruit Color: red
Fall Color: red
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Comments: Long, compound leaves. Rhizomatous colonizer.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12"

Staghorn Sumac
Rhus typhina
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 10'-12'
Width: 10'-12'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: green
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: red
Fall Color: red
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-5
Comments: Densely pubescent twigs. Rhizomatous colonizer.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12" #2: $23.4515-18"

Missouri Gooseberry
Ribes missouriensis
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-6'
Width: 3'-6'
Sun: full, part, shade
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: April-June
Flower Color: green, white, cream
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: purple, black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: magenta, red, orange, yellow, maroon, purple
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Very shade tolerant. Upright, arching branches w/ reddish-brown spines. Fragrant flowers. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12"

Meadow Rose
Rosa blanda
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-6'
Width: 6'-8'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: pink
Fruit Period: July-September
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: hip
Edible Parts: fruit, flowers
Fall Color: red
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee, Bumblebee
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Ornamental Garden, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Open woodlands. Upright, branching habit. Fragrant flowers. Rhizomatous colonizer. Thornless new growth.
Retail Pricing #01 bag/pot: $13.756-12" #2: $24.4515-18"

Carolina Rose
Rosa carolina
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 6'-7'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: acidic, sand/loam
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: pink
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: hip
Edible Parts: fruit, flowers
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Bee, Bumblebee
Zone: 3-6
Recommended: Ornamental Garden, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Fragrant flowers. Rhizomatous colonizer.
Retail Pricing #2: $24.4515-18"

Swamp Rose
Rosa palustris
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 5'-8'
Width: 5'-8'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: pink
Fruit Color: red, orange
Fruit Type: hip
Edible Parts: fruit, flowers
Fall Color: red
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee, Bumblebee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Ornamental Garden, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Excellent deep green foliage. Profuse flowers. 1/2" hips. Rhizomatous colonizer. Native east of MN.
Retail Pricing #01 bag: $13.756-12"

Prairie Rose
Rosa setigera
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-10'
Width: 8'-10'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: average loam
Flower Color: pink
Fruit Color: red, orange
Fruit Type: hip
Edible Parts: fruit, flowers
Fall Color: red, orange
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee, Bumblebee
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Ornamental Garden, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12"

Northern Raspberry
Rubus idaeus canadensis
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-6'
Width: 6'-12'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Types: sandy/clay loam
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, yellow, maroon, purple
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Zone: 4
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Long, arching canes. Colonizer. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.4515-18"

Thimbleberry low
Rubus parviflorus
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 4'-6'
Width: 3'+
Sun: part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: alkaline
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow, maroon, bronze
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Edible Garden
Comments: Thornless. Large leaves. Showy, 1.5" flowers. Rhizomatous.
LOW STOCK! Hurry before they're gone!
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.4515-18"

Pussy Willow
Salix discolor
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 15'-20'
Width: 10'-12'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Soil Types: clay, loam, sand
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: green, silver
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Bee
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Dioecious. Upright form. Flood tolerant. Showy catkins. Found along lakeshores, swamps, and bogs.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18"

Prairie Willow
Salix humilis microphyllus
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-6'
Width: 3'-6'
Sun: full
Water Use: high
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: March-May
Flower Color: yellow, green, purple, brown
Fruit Color: brown
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bird, Bee, Bumblebee
Zone: 3
Comments: Showy catkins. Very dense branching habit. Dark green foliage.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18"

Sandbar Willow
Salix interior
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-20'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Soil Types: sandy/silty loam
Bloom Period: May-July
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 3-4
Comments: Catkins. Fine-textured foliage. Aggressive, rhizomatous spreader, forming colonies which decrease in age and height from the colony center. Excellent for shoreline retention. Fast re-growth after harvest.
Retail Pricing #02 bag/pot: $23.4515-18"

Slender Willow
Salix petiolaris
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-12'
Width: 6'-15'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: April-May
Fruit Period: May-June
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 3
Comments: Catkins. Found in wet meadows, swales and lowland areas. Many-branched shrub with red winter twigs. Adaptable.
Retail Pricing #01 bag: $13.756-12" #2: $23.4515-18"

American Elder
Sambucus canadensis
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 8'-10'
Width: 8'-10'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: blue, purple, black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit, flowers
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Flood tolerant. Adaptable. Fast growth. Rhizomatous. Excellent for pies, jams, and wine. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18"

Red-Berried Elder
Sambucus pubens
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 10'-12'
Width: 10'-12'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: well-drained
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white, cream
Fruit Period: June-August
Fruit Color: red, orange
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Hummingbird
Zone: 4-6
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Flood intolerant. Fast growth rate. Found in mixed woodlands and ravines. 5" flower panicles. Bitter berries can be made into wine.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $24.0015-18"

Silver Buffaloberry
Shepherdia argentea
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 8'-10'
Width: 8'-10'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: loam
Flower Color: yellow
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: drupe
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Edible Garden
Comments: Dioecious. Drought tolerant. Nitrogen fixer. Thicket-forming with ascending branch habit. Thorns. Found in western prairies and shrub-grassland communities. Silvery, green foliage. Berries can be made into jam.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18"

Meadowsweet
Spiraea alba
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-6'
Width: 3'-6'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: silty loam, peaty muck
Bloom Period: July
Flower Color: white
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bee
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Erect branching habit. Rhizomatous colonizer. Wet meadows. Excellent on shorelines.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12" #02 bag: $23.4515-18"

White Snowberry
Symphoricarpos albus
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-4'
Width: 4'-5'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: clay, limestone, loam, sand
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: September-November
Fruit Color: white
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Moth, Bird
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Rhizomatous. Flood intolerant. Blue-green foliage. High wildlife value. Self-fertile.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.4515-18"

Red Snowberry / Coralberry
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 3'-4'
Width: 4'-6'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: loam, tolerates most
Flower Color: green, white
Fruit Color: pink, magenta, red
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 2-7
Recommended: Ornamental Garden
Comments: Rhizomatous colonizer. Upright, arching habit. Native to southern MN. Fruit persists on stems into winter. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #5: $31.7524-36"

Common Lowbush Blueberry
Vaccinium angustifolium
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 1'-2'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: sand, loam
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-September
Fruit Color: blue
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, maroon
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Zone: 2-3
Recommended: Groundcover, Edible Garden
Comments: Bell-shaped flowers. Flood tolerant.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.006-12"

Arrowwood Viburnum
Viburnum dentatum
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-10'
Width: 6'-10'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: well-drained, loam
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: blue, black
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: magenta, red, orange, yellow, maroon
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird
Zone: 2-8
Recommended: Ornamental Garden
Comments: Upright habit. Showy flowers & fruit clusters. Native range to Iowa (not MN). Hardy.
Retail Pricing #7: $43.45

Nannyberry Viburnum
Viburnum lentago
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 12'-20'
Width: 8'-20'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: loam, tolerates most
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: black
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: maroon
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Upright habit. Flat-topped flower clusters.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.4515-18" #5: $31.7524-36" #7: $45.0036-48"

American Highbush Cranberry
Viburnum trilobum
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 6'-10'
Width: 6'-10'
Sun: full, part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: loam, organic peat
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: September-February
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, maroon
Wildlife: Beetle, Bird, Fly, Bee
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: AKA Viburnum opulus var. americanum. Dark green foliage. Flat-topped flower clusters. Fruit persists through winter. True type - not a hybrid cross!
Retail Pricing #1: $13.756-12" #2: $23.4515-18" #5: $31.7524-36" #7: $43.4536-48"

Soapweed Yucca low
Yucca glauca
Category: Deciduous Shrubs
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 2'-3'
Sun: full
Water Use: low
Soil Types: well-drained
Bloom Period: July
Flower Color: white, cream
Wildlife: Moth
Zone: 4
Recommended: Ornamental Garden
Comments: Native to southwestern MN. Fine-textured rosette of spiked, 0.5-1" wide blue-green leaves. Showy flowers.
LOW STOCK! Hurry before they're gone!
Retail Pricing #5: $31.75

Red Maple
Acer rubrum
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 60'
Width: 40'-50'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: pink, magenta, red, yellow
Fruit Period: May-June
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: samara
Fall Color: red, orange
Zone: 3-6
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Shade Tree
Comments: Dioecious. Ascending branch pattern. Gray to red twigs in winter. Grows in swamps or moist woods. Found in northeast and southeast MN. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #01 bag: $16.452-3' #02 bag/pot: $23.453-4' #5: $89.004-6' #07 bag: $74.456-8' #15 bag: $195.008-12', 1.25"C

Silver Maple
Acer saccharinum
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 60'-80'
Width: 40'-60'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: March-April
Flower Color: red
Fruit Period: May-June
Fruit Type: samara
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Deer Resistant
Comments: Dioecious. Fast growth rate. Very wide, open canopy. Flood tolerant. Found in flood plains and along lakeshores.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.453-4' #10: $159.006-10', 1"Cal.

Sugar Maple
Acer saccharum
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 60'
Width: 40'-50'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: well-drained, loamy, sandy over clay
Bloom Period: April-June
Flower Color: yellow
Fruit Period: August-October
Fruit Type: samara
Edible Parts: sap
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Shade Tree, Edible Garden
Comments: Dark green foliage. Upright oval to rounded form. Fairly shade tolerant. Flood intolerant. Fire sensitive. Protect from wind. Sap is source of maple syrup. Very high wildlife value. One of Minnesota's finest over story trees.
Retail Pricing #01 bag/pot: $16.4512-36" #2: $23.453-4' #15 bag: $195.008-12', 1.25"C #20: $230.0010-12', 1.5"C

Black Sugar Maple
Acer saccharum nigrum
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 60'-75'
Width: 40'-60'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: well-drained, calciferous
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: yellow
Fruit Period: September-October
Fruit Type: samara
Edible Parts: sap
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Zone: 4-8
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Shade Tree, Edible Garden
Comments: Shade tolerant. Common on floodplains; moderate flood tolerance. More drought/heat tolerant than standard species.
Retail Pricing #1: $18.0012-36"

Mountain Maple
Acer spicatum
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 20'-30'
Width: 15'-25'
Sun: full, part, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: acidic, cool, rocky, gravelly, loam
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: yellow, green
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: magenta, red
Fruit Type: samara
Fall Color: red, orange
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement
Comments: Irregular, upright form. Understory shrub or small tree. Shade tolerant. Flood intolerant. Slopes, rich woods, & lakeshores. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.453-4' #5: $59.004-6'

Speckled Alder
Alnus rugosa
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 15'-20'
Width: 15'-20'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: moderately acidic, heavy, loam
Bloom Period: March-May
Fruit Period: July-October
Fruit Color: brown
Fruit Type: samara
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement
Comments: Catkins. Attractive reddish-brown "cones" of small, flattened samaras. Clump-forming colonizer. Flood tolerant. Nitrogen fixer. Found along stream banks, low wet woods, and open floodplains.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.453-4'

Downy Serviceberry
Amelanchier arborea
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 15'-25'
Width: 10'-15'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: well-drained
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: red, blue, purple, black
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Multi-stemmed tree occurring in rich woods, thickets, and hillsides of northeast and southeast MN. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #01 bag/pot: $16.45 #07 bag: $110.00 Downy Serviceberry-Multi Stem #07 bag: $110.006-8'

Allegheny Serviceberry
Amelanchier laevis
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 15'-25'
Width: 10'-15'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: red, purple
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Large shrub or small, multi-stemmed tree. Rhizomatous. Found on moist hillsides and in cool, rich, deciduous woods. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.4512-36" #2: $23.453-4' #05 bag: $42.754-6' #07 bag: $110.006-8' Allegheny Serviceberry-Multi St #07 bag: $110.006-8'

Autumn Brilliance Serviceberry
Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Autumn Brilliance'
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 15'-25'
Width: 15'-25'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Types: well-drained loam
Bloom Period: April
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange
Wildlife: Bird
Recommended: Ornamental Garden, Edible Garden
Retail Pricing #15 bag: $189.00

Yellow Birch
Betula alleghaniensis
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 60'-70'
Width: 30'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Types: sandy, loam, rocky/peat tolerant
Bloom Period: May-June
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Type: samara
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Shade Tree
Comments: Catkins. Scratching young twigs gives wintergreen odor. Shade tolerant. Fire sensitive. Found in cool, moist woods in northern MN. Important timber tree. Yellowish-bronze, exfoliating bark. Resistant to birch borer. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #07 bag: $125.006-8'

River Birch
Betula nigra
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 50'-60'
Width: 35'-40'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: April-May
Fruit Period: May-June
Fruit Type: samara
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 4-8
Comments: Catkins. Cinnamon-colored, exfoliating bark. Single or multi-stemmed form. Resistant to bronze birch borer. Survives dry summer/fall seasons. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.4512-36" River Birch Clump #10 bag: $134.456-10', 1"Cal.

Paper Birch
Betula papyrifera
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 50'-60'
Width: 35'-40'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Types: acidic, rocky/gravelly/sandy, loam, shallow peat tolerant
Bloom Period: April-June
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Type: samara
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Shade Tree
Comments: Catkins. White exfoliating bark. Shade intolerant. Drought intolerant. Grows on north and east facing slopes in southeastern MN; most prevalent in north. Single or multi-stemmed form.
Retail Pricing #05 bag/pot: $45.004-6' #10 bag: $159.006-10', 1"Cal.

Blue Beech (Musclewood)
Carpinus caroliniana
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 20'-30'
Width: 20'-30'
Sun: full, part, shade
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: fine loam
Bloom Period: May
Flower Color: red, green
Fruit Type: nutlet
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Zone: 2-8
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Catkins. Smooth, gray bark with "muscle" texture. Great understory tree; very shade tolerant.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.453-4' #05 bag: $42.754-6' #15 bag: $189.008-12', 1.25"C

Bitternut Hickory
Carya cordiformis
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 50'-75'
Width: 50'-75'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: deep, nutrient-rich loam, sandy clay
Bloom Period: May-June
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Type: nut
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 2-7
Recommended: Shade Tree
Comments: Catkins. Bright yellow buds. Bitter nuts in leathery husks eaten by wildlife. Moderate flood & drought tolerance. Fire sensitive. Ascending, picturesque branching habit. Grows in moist woods, stream banks, and rolling uplands.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.456-9"
Shagbark Hickory
Carya ovata
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 50'-75'
Width: 25'-35'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sandy, rocky, loam, clay
Bloom Period: May-June
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Type: nut
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow, bronze
Zone: 4-7
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Catkins. Shaggy, exfoliating bark. Long-lived. Slow growing. Drought tolerant. Shade tolerant. Fire sensitive. Flood intolerant. Edible nut in woody husk. Native to southeastern MN.
Retail Pricing #1: $25.006"

Northern Catalpa
Catalpa speciosa
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 40'-60'
Width: 20'-40'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: tolerates most, clay
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: brown
Fruit Type: pod
Fall Color: yellow, brown, bronze
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 4-8
Recommended: Ornamental Garden, Fragrant Garden
Comments: Large, heart-shaped leaves. Showy, fragrant flowers. Interesting seed pods persist through winter. Medium-fast growth rate. Native range to Illinois (not MN).
Retail Pricing #5: $45.00

Hackberry
Celtis occidentalis
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 50'-75'
Width: 50'-75'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: non-acidic, well-drained, sandy, silty, clay, loam, tolerates polluted
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: yellow, green
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: red, purple, brown
Fruit Type: drupe
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Shade Tree
Comments: Flood tolerant, tolerates most non-peat soils. Drought & wind tolerant. Deep-rooted. Long-lived. Disease resistant. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.453-4' #10: $189.006-10', 1"Cal. #15: $189.008-12', 1.25"C

Redbud (MN Strain)
Cercis canadensis
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 20'-30'
Width: 25'-35'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Flower Color: pink, magenta
Fall Color: yellow
Recommended: Ornamental Garden
Comments: Showy flowers. Heart-shaped leaves. Requires protection from winter winds. MN hardy seed strain.

Pagoda Dogwood
Cornus alternifolia
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 15'-20'
Width: 20'-25'
Sun: full, part, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: loam
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: black
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: red, maroon, purple
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden
Comments: Grows as understory plant in moist woods. Interesting horizontal branching.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.4512-36"

Kentucky Coffeetree
Gymnocladus dioicus
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 60'-75'
Width: 40'-50'
Sun: full
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: rich, tolerates most
Fruit Color: yellow, green, black
Fruit Type: pod
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 4-6
Recommended: Shade Tree
Comments: Dioecious. Does not fix nitrogen. Grows on river bottoms; locally, in Mississippi River Valley and Minnesota River Valley southward. 4-8" pods with large seeds.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.45 #15 bag: $189.008-12', 1.25"C

Butternut
Juglans cinerea
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 40'-60'
Width: 30'-50'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: sandy, silty, loam
Flower Color: yellow, green
Fruit Period: September-October
Fruit Color: yellow
Fruit Type: nut
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow, brown, bronze
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Grows in river bottoms and rich woods. Gray bark.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.453-4'

Black Walnut
Juglans nigra
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 50'-75'
Width: 50'-75'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: well-drained, deep, loam
Flower Color: yellow, green
Fruit Period: September-October
Fruit Color: green, brown
Fruit Type: nut
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 4-7
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Drought tolerant. Prized timber wood.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.453-4' #5: $45.004-6'

Sweet Crabapple
Malus coronaria
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 15'-30'
Width: 20'-30'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: well-drained, loam, sand, clay
Flower Color: pink, white
Fruit Color: yellow, green
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow, bronze
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 4-7
Recommended: Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Attractive to wildlife & pollinators. Fragrant flowers. Native to southeast WI.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.45
Prairie Crab
Malus ioensis
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 20'-35'
Width: 20'-35'
Sun: full
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: tolerates most
Flower Color: pink
Fruit Color: yellow, green
Fruit Type: pome
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, green, maroon
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 4-5
Recommended: Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Prefers moist soil. Grows in open woods, rocky hillsides, pastures, and woodland margins. Fragrant flowers. Good wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.4512-36" #02 bag: $23.453-4'

Ironwood
Ostrya virginiana
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 35'-50'
Width: 20'-35'
Sun: full, part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: tolerates most
Flower Color: red, green, brown
Fruit Color: green, white, brown, cream
Fruit Type: pod
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 4-7
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement
Comments: Showy catkins. Flood tolerant. Persistent leaves in winter. Grows on upland slopes, ravines, and coves of deciduous woods.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.4512-36" #15 bag: $180.008-12', 1.25"C

American Sycamore
Platanus occidentalis
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 75'-100'
Width: 50'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: sandy, silty, loam, clay
Bloom Period: March-April
Flower Color: red, yellow, green, brown
Fruit Color: orange, brown
Fall Color: brown
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 5-9
Recommended: Deer Resistant
Comments: Fuzzy seed balls. Attractive, exfoliating bark. Large, maple-shaped leaves. Lowlands/floodplains. Fast growth. Pollution tolerant. Long-lived. Aggressive root system. Native to WI/IA.
Retail Pricing #10: $189.00

Balsam Poplar
Populus balsamifera
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 60'-70'
Width: 30'-35'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Bloom Period: April-May
Fall Color: orange, yellow, bronze
Zone: 2-7
Recommended: Fragrant Garden
Comments: Fast growth. Colony-forming. Glossy green leaves. Buds covered with fragrant, sticky sap. Found along streams, swamps, and upland slopes. Common in coniferous forests and around Midwest.
Retail Pricing #5: $45.004-6'

Cottonwood
Populus deltoides
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 75'-100'
Width: 75'-100'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: March-April
Flower Color: red, green
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 3-7
Comments: Dioecious. Cottony seeds. Drought tolerant. Our majestic tree of river bottoms and lakeshore forests. High wildlife value. This is the real deal, with seeds and all to spread its progeny where the four winds take them.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.4512-36" #2: $23.453-4' #5: $45.004-6'

Bigtooth Aspen
Populus grandidentata
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 50'-60'
Width: 20'-40'
Sun: full
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Soil Types: sand, loam
Bloom Period: April-May
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 3-5
Comments: Catkins. Flood intolerant. Colonizer. Larger leaves than Quaking Aspen. Common in mixed woods and rich, mesic upland soils. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.4512-36" #2: $23.453-4'

Quaking Aspen
Populus tremuloides
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 40'-50'
Width: 20'-35'
Sun: full
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Soil Types: tolerates most
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 2-5
Comments: Leaves tremble in slight breeze. Flood intolerant. Upright, columnar form. Forms extensive colonies. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.4512-36" #10 bag: $149.006-10', 1"Cal.

American Plum
Prunus americana
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 20'-35'
Width: 20'-35'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: loam
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: red, purple
Fruit Type: drupe
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Drought tolerant. Globular form with horizontal branching habit. Thicket-forming. Found at forest edges, open oak woods, and rocky hillsides. Profuse flowers with strong sweet-spice fragrance.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.452/3 ft #05 bag: $42.754-6' #10 bag: $159.006-8', 1"Cal.

Pin Cherry (Fire Cherry)
Prunus pensylvanica
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 20'-35'
Width: 10'-20'
Sun: full
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: July-August
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: drupe
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, orange
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 2
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Ornamental Garden, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Fragrant flowers. Ovoid to columnar form. Exfoliating, golden-tan to reddish-brown bark. Found along forest edge, open woods, and pastures. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #01 bag: $16.45

Wild Black Cherry
Prunus serotina
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 50'-60'
Width: 23'-30'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high, medium, low
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: loam
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: black
Fruit Type: drupe
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 3-7
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Shade Tree, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Flood intolerant. Columnar to ovoid form. Edge of woods, savanna, and alluvial bottomlands. Fragrant flowers. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #02 bag: $23.453-4' #05 bag: $42.754-6' #7: $74.456-8' #15 bag: $189.008-12', 1.25"C

Common Chokecherry
Prunus virginiana
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 20'-35'
Width: 12'-15'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: loam, tolerates most
Bloom Period: August-September
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: purple, black
Fruit Type: drupe
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 2-5
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Fragrant Garden, Edible Garden
Comments: Upright ovoid form. Attractive flower spikes in spring. Open woods, edge of forests, and open fields. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #02 bag/pot: $23.453-4'

White Oak
Quercus alba
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 60'-80'
Width: 60'-80'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: non-alkaline, tolerates most
Fruit Type: nut
Fall Color: red, maroon
Zone: 4-7
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Shade Tree
Comments: Uplands. Persistent leaves in winter. Extremely sensitive to soil compaction. Salt resistant. Fire intolerant. Taproot. Very long-lived. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #02 bag/pot: $23.453-4' #10: $195.006-10', 1"Cal. #15 bag: $195.005-8'

Swamp White Oak
Quercus bicolor
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 50'-60'
Width: 50'-60'
Sun: full
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Soil Types: acidic required, tolerates most
Fruit Type: nut
Fall Color: orange, yellow
Zone: 4-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Shade Tree
Comments: Exfoliating bark. Persistent leaves in winter. Fibrous root system. Salt resistant. Soil compaction resistant. Flood tolerant. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.453-4' #10: $195.006-10', 1"Cal.

Northern Pin Oak
Quercus ellipsoidalis
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 50'-75'
Width: 35'-55'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium
Soil Types: well-drained, loam, tolerates most
Fruit Type: nut
Fall Color: red
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Shade Tree
Comments: Persistent leaves in winter. Shade and flood intolerant. Ovoid canopy. Found in uplands and savannas. Taproot. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing

Bur Oak
Quercus macrocarpa
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 60'-80'
Width: 60'-80'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Types: sandy loam, clay pan
Flower Color: green
Fruit Type: nut
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 3-8
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Shade Tree
Comments: Catkins. Acorns with fringed caps. Globular canopy form. Found in prairies, savannas, and upland forests in the Twin Cities. Taproot. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.453-4' #5: $89.006' #15 bag: $195.008-12', 1.25"C #25: $350.00

Chinquapin (Chinkapin) Oak
Quercus muehlenbergii
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 40'-60'
Width: 50'-70'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: well-drained, rocky, fertile loam
Bloom Period: April
Flower Color: yellow, green
Fruit Type: nut
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow, brown
Recommended: Shade Tree, Edible Garden
Comments: Drought tolerant. Long-lived. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.45 #2: $23.45

Red Oak
Quercus rubra
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 60'-80'
Width: 40'-50'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: well-drained, sandy, loam
Fruit Type: nut
Fall Color: red
Zone: 4-7
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Buckthorn Replacement, Shade Tree
Comments: Fast growth rate. Ovoid to globular form. Very high wildlife value. Do not prune in May-June.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.453-4' #5: $42.754-6' #10 bag: $159.006-10', 1"Cal. #15 bag: $195.008-12', 1.25"C

Black Oak
Quercus velutina
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 50'-60'
Width: 50'-60'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Types: acidic, well-drained, poor
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: yellow, green
Fruit Type: nut
Fall Color: red, yellow, maroon
Comments: Juglone tolerant. Deep taproot. Very high wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.45

Peachleaf Willow
Salix amygdaloides
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 35'-50'
Width: 35'-50'
Sun: full
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet
Soil Types: loam
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 3-5
Comments: Large understory tree with upright, ascending branches. 1" catkins. Found along streams and lake margins. Flood tolerant. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #2: $23.453-4'

Bebb's Willow
Salix bebbiana
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 10'-20'
Width: 6'-10'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: sand/clay tolerant
Fall Color: yellow, green, brown
Zone: 2-5
Comments: Catkins. Medium growth rate. Shrub or small tree with attractive, deep green foliage. One of the best "diamond" willows.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.4512-36"

Black Willow
Salix nigra
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 35'-50'
Width: 20'-35'
Sun: full
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: tolerates most
Fall Color: yellow, green
Zone: 3-8
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement
Comments: Catkins. Open, ascending growth habit. Dark brown-black, deeply furrowed bark. Flood tolerant. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $16.4512-36"

Showy Mountain Ash
Sorbus decora
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 20'-35'
Width: 15'-25'
Sun: full
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: tolerates most
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: red, orange
Fruit Type: pome
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Ornamental Garden
Comments: Showy fruit & flowers. Not affected by Emerald Ash Borer. Ovoid form. Pinnately compound leaves. Good wildlife value; cedar waxwing favorite. Common in northeast MN. Single-stem & clump form available.
Retail Pricing #15: $195.008-12', 1.25"C

American Basswood
Tilia americana
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 50'-60'
Width: 30'-40'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: loam
Flower Color: yellow, cream
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 3-6
Recommended: Buckthorn Replacement, Shade Tree, Fragrant Garden
Comments: Clump-forming. Ovoid form. Shade tolerant. Flood intolerant. Fragrant flower clusters.
Retail Pricing #02 bag/pot: $23.453-4' #5: $42.754-6' #10 bag: $175.006-10', 1"Cal. #15 bag: $195.008-12', 1.25"C
Red Elm low
Ulmus rubra
Category: Deciduous Trees
Height: 36'-60'
Width: 36'-60'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: loam
Fall Color: yellow
Comments: found along riverbanks & bottom lands.
LOW STOCK! Hurry before they're gone!
Retail Pricing #1: $16.4512-36"

American Bittersweet
Celastrus scandens
Category: Vines
Height: 3'-35'
Width: 6'-12'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: tolerates most
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: green, white
Fruit Period: September-October
Fruit Color: orange, yellow
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 2-4
Recommended: Deer Resistant
Comments: Showy fruit clusters of 3-part, berry-like capsules; poisonous. Dioecious. Climbs by twining. Salt tolerant. Excellent for floral arrangements.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.75 #2: $23.45

Virgin's Bower
Clematis virginiana
Category: Vines
Height: 12'-15'
Width: 6'-8'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: well-drained
Bloom Period: July-August
Flower Color: white, cream
Fruit Period: August-September
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Groundcover
Comments: Vigorous twisting vine of woods, thickets, and bottomlands. Showy seed plumes. Use on a trellis, vine, or as a groundcover.
Retail Pricing #1: $15.00

Yellow Vine Honeysuckle
Lonicera prolifera
Category: Vines
Height: 10'-15'
Width: 4'-8'
Sun: full, part, shade
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: well-drained
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: yellow, cream
Fruit Color: red, orange
Fruit Type: berry
Wildlife: Bird, Bee, Hummingbird, Bumblebee
Zone: 4
Recommended: Groundcover
Comments: AKA Lonicera reticulata. Vigorous, mat-forming, blue-green leaves. Found in light oak woods, ravines, bluffs, rocky banks. SE MN.
Retail Pricing #1: $15.00

Virginia Creeper
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Category: Vines
Height: 50'
Sun: full, part, shade
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: clay, sandy, rocky, limestone
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: green
Fruit Period: September
Fruit Color: blue, black
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: red, maroon
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 2-6
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Groundcover
Comments: Flood tolerant. Trailing or climbing habit with suction discs & aerial tendrils/rootlets. Ravines & bluffs. Poisonous fruit.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.75

Bristly Greenbrier
Smilax tamnoides hispida
Category: Vines
Height: 10'-30'
Sun: part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: fertile, loamy
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: yellow, green
Fruit Color: blue, black
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: yellow, bronze
Retail Pricing #1: $15.00

Riverbank Grape
Vitis riparia
Category: Vines
Height: 35'-75'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: May-June
Fruit Period: August-September
Fruit Color: blue, purple
Fruit Type: berry
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bird
Zone: 2-6
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Edible Garden
Comments: Flood tolerant. Vigorous climber. Forked tendrils. River banks, wooded bottomlands, wet ravines, and rich woods. High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $13.75
Yarrow
Achillea millefolium
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-3'
Width: 2'-3'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: tolerates heavier, well-drained clay loam
Bloom Period: June-September
Flower Color: white
Recommended: Deer Resistant
Comments: Drought resistant. Pollution tolerant. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Sweet Flag
Acorus calamus
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-4'
Width: 1'+
Sun: full
Water Use: high
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: yellow, brown
Fruit Color: brown
Zone: 4-5
Recommended: Fragrant Garden
Comments: Fragrant foliage. Found in marshes. Establishes quickly. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Fragrant Hyssop
Agastache foeniculum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-4'
Width: 1'-2'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: June-August
Flower Color: purple, violet, lavender
Edible Parts: leaves
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Bee, Wasp, Hummingbird
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Fragrant Garden, Rabbit Resistant, Edible Garden
Comments: Glossy, dark green foliage. Anise-scented flowers & foliage. Loved by bumblebees, hummingbirds, finches, and butterflies.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Nodding Onion
Allium cernuum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 6"-1'
Sun: full, part
Bloom Period: July-August
Flower Color: pink
Edible Parts: leaves, shoots, bulbs
Wildlife: Bee
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Fragrant Garden, Rabbit Resistant, Edible Garden
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Prairie Onion
Allium stellatum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-1'4"
Width: 4"-8"
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: July-August
Flower Color: pink
Edible Parts: leaves, shoots, bulbs
Wildlife: Bee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Fragrant Garden, Rabbit Resistant, Edible Garden
Comments: Aromatic. Readily reseeds.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Wild Leek
Allium tricoccum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 8"
Width: 4"-8"
Sun: part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: white
Edible Parts: leaves, shoots, bulbs
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Fragrant Garden, Rabbit Resistant, Edible Garden
Comments: Leaves may go dormant before flowers emerge.
Retail Pricing 4" pot: $12.95

Canada Mayflower
Anemone canadensis
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 1'+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Groundcover
Comments: Dark green foliage. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $12.95
Rue Anemone
Anemonella thalictroides
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 4"-6"
Width: 1'
Sun: part, shade
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: pink
Zone: 4
Recommended: Groundcover
Comments: Jewel of SE MN woodlands. Ephemeral.
Retail Pricing 3" pot: $6.50

Prairie Pussy Toes
Antennaria neglecta
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 4"
Width: 6"+
Sun: full, part
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sand, loam
Bloom Period: April-June
Flower Color: white
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Groundcover
Comments: Rhizomatous. Dense groundcover for sunny borders/paths.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Wild Columbine
Aquilegia canadensis
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-3'
Width: 1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: red, yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Hummingbird
Zone: 3-4
Comments: Lobed foliage. Found in most woodlands.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Spikenard
Aralia racemosa
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-7'
Width: 3'-4'
Sun: part, shade
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Types: rich
Bloom Period: July
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: red, purple
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: yellow
Comments: High wildlife value.
Retail Pricing #1: $12.95

Prairie Sage
Artemisia ludoviciana
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 1'6"+
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: green
Zone: 4
Comments: Rhizomatous. Silvery-green foliage. Traditional incense of Dakota.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Poke Milkweed
Asclepias exaltata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-5'
Sun: part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Bloom Period: June-August
Flower Color: green, white, cream
Fruit Period: June-August
Fruit Type: pod
Wildlife: Butterfly
Retail Pricing #1: $15.00

Marsh/Red Milkweed
Asclepias incarnata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-4'
Width: 1'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: July
Flower Color: pink
Fruit Type: pod
Fall Color: yellow, maroon, purple
Wildlife: Butterfly, Beetle, Bird, Bee, Wasp, Hummingbird, Bumblebee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Fragrant Garden
Comments: Attractive seed pods in fall. Found at edge of marshes.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Butterfly Milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: well-drained, sand, loam
Bloom Period: July-August
Flower Color: orange
Fruit Type: pod
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Beetle, Bee, Bumblebee
Zone: 3-5
Comments: Sturdy stems with alternate leaves. Slow grower. Taproot.
Retail Pricing 4" pot: $6.50
Whorled/White Milkweed
Asclepias verticillata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'
Width: 6"+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: white
Fruit Type: pod
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly
Comments: Rhizomatous. Delicate, lacy foliage.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Heartleaf Aster low
Aster cordifolius
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-4'
Width: 1'
Sun: part
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: September-October
Flower Color: blue, lavender
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 3-4
Comments: Woodland margins.
LOW STOCK! Hurry before they're gone!
Retail Pricing 3" pot: $6.50

Smooth Blue Aster
Aster laevis
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-5'
Width: 1'-2'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: August-October
Flower Color: blue, lavender
Edible Parts: leaves
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Long-lived perennial. Blue-green foliage. Sturdy stems.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Large-Leaved Aster
Aster macrophyllus
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 1'+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Bloom Period: September-October
Flower Color: blue, white, lavender
Wildlife: Butterfly
Recommended: Groundcover
Comments: Prefers filtered light / part shade. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $11.95

New England Aster
Aster novae-angliae
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 4'-5'
Width: 2'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: September-October
Flower Color: magenta, purple
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 4
Comments: Dense foliage. Freely reseeds. Cut to 6" < July 4 for best display.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Aromatic Aster
Aster oblongifolius
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 1'+
Sun: full
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: dry
Soil Types: sand, loam
Bloom Period: September-October
Flower Color: purple
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 4
Recommended: Fragrant Garden, Groundcover
Comments: Aromatic flowers. Rhizomatous. Excellent for massing.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Sky Blue Aster
Aster oolentangiensis (azureus)
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-4'
Width: 1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: August-October
Flower Color: blue, lavender
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 4-5
Comments: Dark green, narrow, heart-shaped leaves.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

White Upland Aster
Aster ptarmicoides
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 1'
Sun: full
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: dry
Soil Types: calciferous sand/loam
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: white
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 3-5
Comments: Compact, with small dense flowers. Excellent for massing.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Silky Aster
Aster sericeus
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 1'6"
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: dry
Soil Types: sandy, rocky
Bloom Period: August-October
Flower Color: purple, lavender
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 3-4
Comments: Silvery-green foliage. Open, branching habit.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Ground Plum
Astragalus crassicarpus
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 6"-1'
Width: 1'
Sun: full
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: dry
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: pink, magenta, purple
Fruit Color: red, purple
Fruit Type: pod
Edible Parts: fruit
Recommended: Groundcover, Edible Garden
Comments: Clump-forming. Excellent in dry soils.
Retail Pricing 4" pot: $7.50

White Indigo
Baptisia alba
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 4'
Width: 2'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: green, black
Fruit Type: pod
Wildlife: Bird, Bee, Hummingbird, Bumblebee
Zone: 4
Recommended: Rabbit Resistant
Comments: Great for borders or massing. Winter interest. SE MN native.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Blue Indigo
Baptisia australis
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-4'
Width: 3'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: blue, violet
Fruit Color: green, black
Fruit Type: pod
Wildlife: Bird, Bee, Hummingbird, Bumblebee
Zone: 4-7
Recommended: Rabbit Resistant
Comments: Blue-green foliage. Excellent as specimen or for massing. Winter interest. Long-lived. WI native.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Cream Indigo
Baptisia leucophaea
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-4'
Width: 2'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: cream
Fruit Color: green, black
Fruit Type: pod
Wildlife: Bee
Recommended: Rabbit Resistant
Comments: AKA Baptisia bracteata var. glabrescens.
Retail Pricing #01 bag/pot: $9.95

Hairy Wood Mint
Blephilia hirsuta
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'4"-2'6"
Width: 1'+
Sun: part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Bloom Period: June-September
Flower Color: purple, white
Wildlife: Bird, Bee, Hummingbird, Bumblebee
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Fragrant Garden, Rabbit Resistant
Comments: Rhizomatous. Pollinator magnet. Fragrant foliage. Woodlands.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Marsh Marigold
Caltha palustris
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 6"-1'
Width: 1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet
Soil Types: sand, loam
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: yellow
Zone: 3-4
Comments: Stout stems with smooth, glossy leaves. Found in marshes & wet meadows.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Wild Hyacinth
Camassia scilloides
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'
Width: 8"-1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: acidic, rich, clay tolerant
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: blue
Edible Parts: bulbs
Zone: 4-8
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Good for pollinators. Dormant by midsummer. Native to WI. Bulbs are edible, but plants can easily be confused with the extremely toxic Death Camas (Zigadenus).
Retail Pricing 4" pot: $15.00

Harebell
Campanula rotundifolia
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 6"
Sun: full, part
Soil Types: well-drained
Bloom Period: June-September
Flower Color: purple, lavender
Zone: 3-4
Comments: Delicate, bell-shaped flowers. Excellent border plant.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95 4" pot: $6.50

Partridge Pea
Chamaechrista fasciculata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 6"-3'
Width: 1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: yellow
Fruit Color: brown
Fruit Type: pod
Wildlife: Ant, Bee, Bumblebee
Recommended: Groundcover
Comments: Nitrogen fixer. Extra-floral nectaries. Annual. Freely reseeds.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95 4" pot: $6.50

Lance-leaf Coreopsis
Coreopsis lanceolata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'6"-3'
Width: 1'
Sun: full
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sandy, rocky, poor
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Bee, Bumblebee
Comments: Long bloom period.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Prairie Coreopsis
Coreopsis palmata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 1'+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sand, loam
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: yellow
Zone: 3-5
Comments: Narrow, dark green leaves. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
White Prairie Clover
Dalea candida
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-3'
Width: 1'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sandy, rocky
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: white
Comments: Nitrogen fixer.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Dutchman's Breeches
Dicentra cucullaria
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 6"-1'
Width: 1'
Sun: part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: rich
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: white
Wildlife: Bee, Bumblebee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Groundcover
Comments: Lacy, blue-green foliage. Arching habit. Great border plant. Ephemeral.
Retail Pricing 3" pot: $6.50 4" pot: $6.50

Shooting Star
Dodecatheon meadia
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: well-drained loam
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: pink, white
Wildlife: Bee, Bumblebee
Zone: 4
Comments: Shooting-star-shaped flowers. Lush basal foliage. Goes dormant in August.
Retail Pricing #1: $15.00

Narrow-leaved Coneflower
Echinacea angustifolia
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 1'-1'6"
Sun: full, part
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: dry
Soil Types: well-drained
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: pink
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Pale Purple Coneflower
Echinacea pallida
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-4'
Width: 1'-1'6"
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: pink
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird
Zone: 4-5
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Fireweed
Epilobium angustifolium
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 4'-5'
Width: 2'+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic
Bloom Period: July-August
Flower Color: pink, magenta
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 3-4
Comments: Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Rattlesnake Master
Eryngium yuccifolium
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-4'
Width: 1'
Sun: full
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sand, loam
Bloom Period: July-August
Flower Color: green, white
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee
Recommended: Fragrant Garden
Comments: Fragrant flowers.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Joe-Pye Weed
Eupatorium maculatum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 4'-6'
Width: 2'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: rich loam
Bloom Period: July
Flower Color: pink, lavender
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Fragrant Garden
Comments: Sturdy stems. Found in moist meadows & marshes.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Boneset
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-4'
Width: 1'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: white
Fall Color: red, yellow, maroon
Wildlife: Butterfly, Beetle, Bee, Wasp
Zone: 3-4
Comments: Sturdy stems; perfoliate leaves.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Sweet Joe-Pye Weed
Eupatorium purpureum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 4'-6'
Width: 2'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: pink, lavender
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee
Zone: 3-4
Recommended: Fragrant Garden
Comments: Sturdy stems. Found in moist, open woods of eastern MN.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Flowering Spurge
Euphorbia corollata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'
Width: 1'-1'6"
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: June-August
Flower Color: white
Fall Color: magenta, red, orange, yellow
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Rabbit Resistant
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Wild Strawberry
Fragaria virginiana
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 6"
Width: 8"+
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: white
Fruit Period: June-July
Fruit Color: red
Edible Parts: fruit
Fall Color: red, maroon
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Groundcover, Edible Garden
Comments: Tasty, edible 3/8" fruit in summer. Spreads by runners. Excellent groundcover.
Retail Pricing Sod Flat: $39.00

Blanket Flower
Gaillardia aristata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-3'
Width: 1'-1'6"
Sun: full
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: dry
Bloom Period: May-September
Flower Color: red, yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee
Recommended: Ornamental Garden
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Bottle Gentian
Gentiana andrewsii
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Soil Types: organic
Bloom Period: August-October
Flower Color: blue, purple, violet
Wildlife: Bee, Bumblebee
Zone: 3-4
Comments: Sturdy stems. Closed, bottle-shaped flowers require bumblebees for pollination.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95 4" pot: $6.50

Prairie Smoke
Geum triflorum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 6"-1'
Width: 1'+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sand, loam
Bloom Period: April-June
Flower Color: pink, red, silver
Fall Color: red, green, maroon, purple
Zone: 4-5
Recommended: Groundcover
Comments: Attractive, feathery seedheads. Excellent for massing/groundcover. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $12.95

Sneezeweed / Dogtooth Daisy
Helenium autumnale
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-5'
Width: 1'6"-2'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: rich
Bloom Period: August-October
Flower Color: yellow
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Western Sunflower
Helianthus occidentalis
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-4'
Width: 1'+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: tolerates sand, limestone, rocks
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Bee
Comments: A less-aggressive sunflower. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Stiff Sunflower
Helianthus pauciflorus
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-6'
Width: 1'6"+
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: tolerates clay, sand, gravel
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Bee
Comments: Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Ox-Eye
Heliopsis helianthoides
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 4'-5'
Width: 2'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Bloom Period: July-August
Flower Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee
Zone: 3-4
Comments: Found in open woodlands.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Golden Aster
Heterotheca camporum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-3'
Width: 1'-2'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sandy
Bloom Period: June-September
Flower Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly
Comments: Native to IA/IL. Drought tolerant.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Alumroot (Prairie Coralbells)
Heuchera richardsonii
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-3'
Width: 1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sand, loam
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: red, yellow, green, brown
Wildlife: Hummingbird
Zone: 4
Recommended: Groundcover
Comments: Excellent foliage plant with burgundy-tinged leaves. Use as accent/border plant.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Halberdleaf Rosemallow
Hibiscus laevis
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-5'
Width: 2'-3'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: pink, white
Wildlife: Bird, Hummingbird
Recommended: Ornamental Garden
Comments: Large, showy flowers.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95 #2: $15.95

Goldenseal
Hydrastis canadensis
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 6"-1'4"
Width: 8"+
Sun: part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: humus-rich
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: yellow
Recommended: Groundcover
Comments: Rare due to over-harvesting in the wild. Likes winter leaf cover. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing 4" pot: $15.00

Dwarf Crested Iris
Iris cristata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 6"
Width: 1'+
Sun: part, shade
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: April-May
Flower Color: blue
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Groundcover
Comments: Excellent as groundcover or for massing. Native to IL.
Retail Pricing #1: $12.95

Northern Blue Flag Iris
Iris versicolor
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 1'+
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Soil Types: average
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: blue, lavender
Wildlife: Bird, Hummingbird
Zone: 3
Comments: Stiff, swordlike leaves. Clumps suitable for massing. Tolerates standing water to 12" deep.
Retail Pricing #01 bag: $9.95

Rough Blazingstar
Liatris aspera
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 9"
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sand, loam
Bloom Period: July-October
Flower Color: pink, magenta, purple
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 3-5
Comments: Corm. Abundant, button-like flowers along stem. Plant with Little Bluestem for support.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Meadow Blazingstar
Liatris ligulistylis
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-5'
Width: 1'-2'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: August-September
Flower Color: pink, magenta, purple
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 3-7
Comments: Corm. Prefers full sun. Abundant, button-like flowers along stem. Plant with Big Bluestem for support.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Dotted Blazingstar
Liatris punctata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 6"
Sun: full
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: dry
Soil Types: sand, loam
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: pink, magenta, purple, lavender
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 2-5
Comments: Corm. Very narrow leaves. Plant with Little Bluestem or Side Oats Grama for support.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Prairie Blazingstar
Liatris pycnostachya
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-5'
Width: 6"-1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: sand, loam
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: pink, magenta, purple
Fruit Period: July-August
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 3-5
Comments: Corm. Abundant flowers on sturdy stem. Plant with Big Bluestem for support.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Wood (Prairie) Lily
Lilium philadelphicum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-3'
Width: 8"-10"
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: June-August
Flower Color: red, orange
Recommended: Ornamental Garden
Comments: Woods, meadows, prairies.
Retail Pricing 3" pot: $10.95

Cardinal Flower
Lobelia cardinalis
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-4'
Width: 8"-1'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: rich loam
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: red
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Hummingbird
Zone: 3-5
Comments: Shallow roots need to be kept moist.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Great Blue Lobelia
Lobelia siphilitica
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-3'
Width: 1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: August-October
Flower Color: blue, purple
Wildlife: Bird, Bee, Hummingbird
Zone: 4-5
Comments: Tubular flowers. Readily reseeds.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Pale Spiked Lobelia
Lobelia spicata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 8"-1'
Sun: full
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: dry
Soil Types: poor
Bloom Period: May-August
Flower Color: blue, violet, white, lavender
Zone: 3-4
Comments: Slender, single-stemmed prairie wildflower with elongated flower spikes. Tightly-clumped basal foliage.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Wild Lupine
Lupinus perennis
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 1'-1'6"
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: blue, purple
Fruit Color: yellow, black
Fruit Type: pod
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Bee, Hummingbird, Bumblebee
Comments: Larval host of the federally-endangered Karner Blue Butterfly.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95 4" pot: $9.95

Monkeyflower
Mimulus ringens
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-3'6"
Width: 1'+
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: blue, purple
Zone: 3-5
Comments: Streambanks, marshes, & floodplain forests. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Bishop's Cap
Mitella diphylla
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 10"-1'6"
Sun: part, shade
Bloom Period: April-June
Flower Color: white
Recommended: Groundcover
Retail Pricing 4" pot: $6.50

Bee Balm/Wild Bergamot
Monarda fistulosa
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-4'
Width: 1'6"+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: June-August
Flower Color: pink, lavender
Edible Parts: leaves, flowers
Wildlife: Bird, Bee, Wasp, Hummingbird, Bumblebee
Recommended: Fragrant Garden, Rabbit Resistant, Edible Garden
Comments: Fragrant foliage. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Dotted Mint/Spotted Bee Balm
Monarda punctata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'6"-3'
Width: 1'+
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: yellow, maroon, lavender
Wildlife: Bird, Bee, Wasp, Hummingbird, Bumblebee
Recommended: Ornamental Garden, Fragrant Garden, Rabbit Resistant
Comments: Fragrant foliage. Showy magenta-white bracts.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Glade Mallow
Napaea dioica
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-6'
Width: 1'6"-2'
Sun: full, part, shade
Water Use: high, medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Bloom Period: July-August
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: green, brown, black
Fall Color: yellow
Wildlife: Bird, Hummingbird
Comments: Dioecious. Large (12"+) leaves add textural interest.
Retail Pricing #1: $12.95

Wild Quinine
Parthenium integrifolium
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-3'
Width: 1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry
Bloom Period: June-September
Flower Color: white
Wildlife: Beetle, Fly, Bee, Wasp, Bumblebee
Retail Pricing #01 bag/pot: $9.95

Foxglove Penstemon
Penstemon digitalis
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-4'
Width: 1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: sandy
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: white
Fall Color: red, green, maroon
Wildlife: Bird, Hummingbird
Zone: 4-5
Comments: Moist, open woods & prairies of eastern MN.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Showy Penstemon/Beardtounge
Penstemon grandiflorus
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-4'
Width: 1'
Sun: full
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sand, sandy loam
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: pink, lavender
Wildlife: Bird, Bee, Hummingbird
Zone: 4-5
Comments: Large, showy, 2" tubular flowers. Waxy, blue-green leaves.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95 4" pot: $6.50
Purple Prairie Clover
Petalostemon purpureum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 1'
Sun: full
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: sand, loam
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: pink, magenta, purple
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Bee
Zone: 4-5
Comments: Nitrogen-fixing taproot.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

False Dragonhead / Obedient Plant
Physostegia virginiana
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 2'+
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Bloom Period: June-September
Flower Color: pink
Wildlife: Bird, Bee
Zone: 3-4
Comments: Tubular flowers. Rhizomatous. Spreads rapidly in moist soil. Excellent for shoreline color.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Mayapple
Podophyllum peltatum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 1'+
Sun: part
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: rich, organic
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fruit Color: yellow
Fruit Type: berry
Wildlife: Bee, Bumblebee
Zone: 4
Recommended: Groundcover
Comments: Umbrella-like leaves. Moist, open woods of southern MN. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $12.95

Jacob's Ladder
Polemonium reptans
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-2'
Width: 1'
Sun: part
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: average, loam
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: blue
Zone: 4-5
Comments: Slender leaflets paired like ladders.
Retail Pricing #1: $12.95

Lion's Foot
Prenanthes alba
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-4'
Width: 1'-2'
Sun: part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: tolerates sandy/rocky
Bloom Period: August-October
Flower Color: pink, white, lavender
Wildlife: Bee, Bumblebee
Recommended: Fragrant Garden
Comments: Biennial/perennial. Fragrant flowers. Tolerates light shade.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Mountain Mint
Pycnanthemum virginianum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-3'
Sun: full, part
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: purple, white
Wildlife: Beetle, Bee, Wasp
Recommended: Fragrant Garden
Comments: Fragrant foliage. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Upright Prairie Coneflower
Ratibida columnifera
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-3'
Sun: full
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: dry
Bloom Period: June-August
Flower Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Yellow (Gray) Headed Coneflower
Ratibida pinnata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-7'
Width: 1'6"
Sun: full, part
Water Use: low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: tolerates clay
Bloom Period: June-August
Flower Color: yellow
Fruit Period: July-September
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird
Zone: 4-7
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Black-Eyed Susan
Rudbeckia hirta
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-3'
Width: 1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: June-October
Flower Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 3-5
Comments: Biennial. Readily reseeds.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Green-headed Coneflower
Rudbeckia laciniata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 7'-8'
Width: 2'+
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly
Comments: Flood tolerant. Rhizomatous spreader.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Sweet Black-Eyed Susan
Rudbeckia subtomentosa
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-5'
Width: 1'-1'6"
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: loam, sand, clay
Bloom Period: August-October
Flower Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 4-5
Recommended: Fragrant Garden
Comments: Long-lived perennial. Native to WI.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Wild Petunia
Ruellia humilis
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-1'3"
Width: 1'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: June-September
Flower Color: violet, lavender
Fall Color: yellow, maroon
Wildlife: Bird, Bee, Hummingbird, Bumblebee
Zone: 4-5
Comments: SE MN native. Excellent border plant.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Early Figwort
Scrophularia lanceolata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-6'
Sun: full, part, shade
Water Use: medium
Bloom Period: June-July
Flower Color: pink, orange, green
Fall Color: green, maroon, purple
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Bee, Wasp, Hummingbird, Bumblebee
Recommended: Rabbit Resistant
Comments: High pollinator value. Heavy nectar production.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Late Figwort
Scrophularia marilandica
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-10'
Sun: full, part, shade
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: red, green, maroon
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Ant, Bee, Wasp, Hummingbird, Bumblebee
Recommended: Deer Resistant, Rabbit Resistant
Comments: High wildlife value. High nectar production.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Royal Catchfly
Silene regia
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 1'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: July-August
Flower Color: red
Wildlife: Bird, Hummingbird
Zone: 4-5
Comments: Sturdy stems. Sticky calyx can trap/catch small insects. Native to IL.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Compass Plant
Silphium laciniatum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 5'-8'
Width: 2'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird
Zone: 4
Comments: Basal leaves orient with sun. 2-4" flowers. Long-lived. Taproot.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Cup Plant
Silphium perfoliatum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 6'-8'
Width: 2'+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: well-drained, loam
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Bee, Hummingbird, Bumblebee
Zone: 4
Comments: Perfoliate leaves form "cups" that collect water. Favorite of goldfinches, bees, & chipmunks. Freely reseeds. Not suitable for small gardens.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

False Solomon's Seal
Smilacina racemosa
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-3'
Width: 1'+
Sun: full, part, shade
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white, cream
Fruit Color: red
Fruit Type: berry
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 3-5
Comments: Rhizomatous. Attractive foliage.
Retail Pricing #1: $12.95
Zig-Zag Goldenrod
Solidago flexicaulis
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 1'6"+
Sun: full, part, shade
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: August-September
Flower Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee, Wasp, Bumblebee
Zone: 4
Comments: Found in woodlands & woodland margins. Stem has slight zigzag appearance. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Stiff Goldenrod
Solidago rigida
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 4'
Width: 2'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: August-October
Flower Color: yellow
Fall Color: red, orange, yellow, maroon
Wildlife: Butterfly, Beetle, Bird, Bee, Wasp, Bumblebee
Comments: Large, rough-textured basal leaves.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Elm Leaf Goldenrod
Solidago ulmifolia
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-3'
Width: 1'-2'
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry
Bloom Period: July-October
Flower Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee, Wasp, Bumblebee
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Meadowrue
Thalictrum dasycarpum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-5'
Width: 3'-4'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: average
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: white
Fall Color: yellow
Zone: 3-5
Comments: Lacy, fine-textured foliage. Found in moist prairies & open woodlands.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Longbract Spiderwort
Tradescantia bracteata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-1'6"
Width: 1'6"-2'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Soil Types: shallow, rocky
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: purple, violet
Wildlife: Bee
Zone: 4-9
Recommended: Groundcover
Comments: Showy flowers. Drought tolerant.
Retail Pricing 4" pot: $6.50
Blue Vervain
Verbena hastata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-4'
Width: 1'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet, wet-mesic, mesic
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: blue, purple
Fall Color: maroon, purple
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Hummingbird
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Hoary Vervain
Verbena stricta
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-4'
Width: 1'
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: dry
Soil Types: well-drained
Bloom Period: July-August
Flower Color: blue, purple, lavender
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bird, Bee, Hummingbird
Zone: 4-5
Comments: Sturdy stems. Fuzzy leaves.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95

Ironweed
Vernonia fasciculata
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 4'-6'
Width: 1'+
Sun: full
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic
Bloom Period: July-September
Flower Color: magenta, purple
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee
Zone: 4-5
Comments: Sturdy stems. found in marshes & wet prairies. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Culver's Root
Veronicastrum virginicum
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 3'-6'
Width: 1'+
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic
Soil Types: loam
Bloom Period: July-August
Flower Color: white
Wildlife: Butterfly, Bee
Zone: 3-5
Comments: Attractive flower spikelets. Wet meadows & forest borders. Long-lived. Rhizomatous.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Prairie Violet
Viola pedatifida
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 6"-9"
Width: 6"
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: mesic
Soil Types: sandy loam
Bloom Period: May
Flower Color: violet, lavender
Edible Parts: flowers
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 3-5
Recommended: Edible Garden
Comments: Deeply-lobed foliage. Southern MN prairies.
Retail Pricing 4" pot: $6.50

Heartleaf Golden Alexanders
Zizia aptera
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 1'-3'
Width: 1'-1'6"
Sun: full, part
Water Use: medium, low
Soil Moisture: wet-mesic, mesic, mesic-dry, dry
Bloom Period: May-July
Flower Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly
Comments: Easy to grow. Disease resistant. Hosts Black Swallowtail butterflies.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95
Golden Alexanders
Zizia aurea
Category: Wildflowers
Height: 2'-3'
Width: 1'
Sun: full, part
Soil Moisture: mesic, mesic-dry
Bloom Period: May-June
Flower Color: yellow
Wildlife: Butterfly
Zone: 3-5
Comments: Erect, bushy habit. Found in moist meadows & open woodlands. Hosts Black Swallowtail butterflies.
Retail Pricing #1: $9.95