45 Buckthorn Replacement Selections
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Evergreen / Coniferous Trees
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Northern White Cedar Thuja occidentalis 45'-60' 10'-12' full part Wet-Mesic cone 2-4 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
Deciduous Shrubs
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Saskatoon Serviceberry ref Amelanchier alnifolia 8'-10' 8'-10' full part Mesic May White June-July Blue Black pome fruit Orange Yellow Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement
Regent Serviceberry Amelanchier alnifolia 'Regent' 4'-6' 5'-6' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June White June-July Blue Purple Black pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird 3-7 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Inland Serviceberry Amelanchier interior 15'-30' full part Mesic-Dry to Dry April-June White June-July Purple Black pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird Buckthorn Replacement
Glossy Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa 4'-6' 4'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-July White July-October Blue Black pome fruit Red Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Native Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa 'Rusk Co.' 5' 5'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-July White July-October Blue Black pome fruit Red Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa 8'-12' 6'-10' full part Medium Mesic to Mesic-Dry June-July White August-September White berry Red Maroon Purple Bird 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement
Roundleaf Dogwood Cornus rugosa 6'-10' 8'-12' part shade Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-July White Cream August-September Blue berry Magenta Red Yellow Maroon Bronze Bird 2-5 Buckthorn Replacement
Red-Twigged Dogwood Cornus sericea 6'-12' 6'-12' full part High to Medium Wet-Mesic May-August White White berry Red Yellow Maroon Purple Bird 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
American Hazelnut Corylus americana 6'-12' 6'-12' full part Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry May Green Brown Maroon August-September Brown nut fruit Red Orange Maroon Bronze 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement
Beaked Hazelnut Corylus cornuta 6'-12' 6'-12' part shade May Brown Maroon August-September Brown nut fruit Yellow 2-3 Buckthorn Replacement
Bronzeleaf Diervilla Diervilla lonicera 3'-4' 3'+ full part Medium to Low Mesic to Dry June-July Yellow Red Orange Bronze Bee Bumblebee 2-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Eastern Wahoo Euonymus atropurpurea 12'-20' 15'-20' full part Medium Mesic June Red Purple Maroon August-September Red berry Magenta Red Bird Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Common Witch Hazel Hamamelis virginiana 20'-30' 25'-35' full part shade Mesic Yellow Yellow 4-7 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Common Ninebark Physocarpus opulifolius 8'-10' 8'-10' full Wet-Mesic to Dry July Pink White Red berry Maroon Purple 2-5 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
American Black Currant out Ribes americanum 3'-6' 3'-6' full part High to Medium Wet to Mesic May-June Yellow White Cream July-August Purple Black berry fruit Red Orange Bird Bee 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Pasture (Prickly) Gooseberry out Ribes cynosbati 3'-6' 3'-6' full part Medium July-August White July-August Purple Black berry fruit Yellow Maroon Bronze Purple Bird Bee 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
Missouri Gooseberry Ribes missouriensis 3'-6' 3'-6' full part shade Medium to Low Mesic to Dry April-June Green White Cream July-August Purple Black berry fruit Magenta Red Orange Yellow Maroon Purple Bird Bee 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
Black Raspberry ref Rubus occidentalis full part White July-August Purple Black berry fruit Orange Yellow Bird Bee Buckthorn Replacement
Thimbleberry low Rubus parviflorus 4'-6' 3'+ part Wet-Mesic White July-August Red berry fruit Red Orange Yellow Maroon Bronze Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement
Pussy Willow Salix discolor 15'-20' 10'-12' full Medium Wet to Wet-Mesic April-May Green Silver Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee 2-5 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Red Willow ref Salix sericea 6'-8' 6' full Wet to Wet-Mesic Yellow Yellow 2-4 Buckthorn Replacement
American Elder Sambucus canadensis 8'-10' 8'-10' full Wet to Mesic-Dry June White August-September Blue Purple Black berry fruit, flowers Yellow Bird 3-7 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Red-Berried Elder Sambucus pubens 10'-12' 10'-12' full part High Wet-Mesic May-June White Cream June-August Red Orange berry Yellow Butterfly Bird Hummingbird 4-6 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
American Bladdernut out Staphylea trifolia 10'-15' 10'+ full part Medium Mesic May White Yellow Brown pod Yellow Bee 3-4 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
White Snowberry Symphoricarpos albus 3'-4' 4'-5' full part Medium to Low Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-July White September-November White berry Yellow Moth Bird 2-5 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Nannyberry Viburnum Viburnum lentago 12'-20' 8'-20' full part Medium Mesic May-June White August-September Black berry fruit Maroon Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
American Highbush Cranberry Viburnum trilobum 6'-10' 6'-10' full part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June White September-February Red berry fruit Red Maroon Beetle Bird Fly Bee 2-5 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Deciduous Trees
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Sugar Maple Acer saccharum 60' 40'-50' full part Medium Wet-Mesic April-June Yellow August-October samara sap Red Orange Yellow 3-5 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree
Black Sugar Maple Acer saccharum nigrum 60'-75' 40'-60' full part Medium Wet-Mesic to Dry April-May Yellow September-October samara sap Red Orange Yellow 4-8 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree
Mountain Maple Acer spicatum 20'-30' 15'-25' full part shade Medium Wet-Mesic May-July Yellow Green August-September Magenta Red samara Red Orange 2-4 Buckthorn Replacement
Speckled Alder Alnus rugosa 15'-20' 15'-20' full part Wet to Mesic March-May July-October Brown samara Yellow Bird 2-5 Buckthorn Replacement
Downy Serviceberry Amelanchier arborea 15'-25' 10'-15' full part Mesic to Dry April-May White June-July Red Blue Purple Black pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird 3 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Allegheny Serviceberry Amelanchier laevis 15'-25' 10'-15' full part Medium Mesic April-May White June-July Red Purple pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Blue Beech (Musclewood) Carpinus caroliniana 20'-30' 20'-30' full part shade High to Medium Wet-Mesic May Red Green nutlet Red Orange Yellow 2-8 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia 15'-20' 20'-25' full part shade Medium Mesic White Black berry Red Maroon Purple Bird 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Fleshy (Long-Thorned) Hawthorn ref Crataegus macracantha 6'-20' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June White Red pome fruit Orange Yellow Bronze Bird Buckthorn Replacement
Ironwood Ostrya virginiana 35'-50' 20'-35' full part shade Wet-Mesic to Dry Red Green Brown Green White Brown Cream pod Yellow 4-7 Buckthorn Replacement
American Plum Prunus americana 20'-35' 20'-35' full Medium Mesic White August-September Red Purple drupe fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird Bee 3-7 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
Pin Cherry (Fire Cherry) Prunus pensylvanica 20'-35' 10'-20' full High to Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-June White July-August Red drupe fruit Red Orange Bird 2 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Wild Black Cherry Prunus serotina 50'-60' 23'-30' full part High to Low Wet-Mesic to Dry White August-September Black drupe fruit Orange Yellow Bird 3-7 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree Fragrant Garden
Common Chokecherry Prunus virginiana 20'-35' 12'-15' full part Medium to Low Wet-Mesic to Dry August-September White Purple Black drupe fruit Orange Yellow Bird 2-5 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
Red Oak Quercus rubra 60'-80' 40'-50' full part Medium Mesic nut Red 4-7 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree
Black Willow Salix nigra 35'-50' 20'-35' full High to Medium Wet to Mesic Yellow Green 3-8 Buckthorn Replacement
American Basswood Tilia americana 50'-60' 30'-40' full part High to Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic Yellow Cream Yellow 3-6 Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree Fragrant Garden