113 Bird Magnets
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Evergreen / Coniferous Trees
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana 45' 15'-20' full Medium to Low Blue cone fruit Maroon Purple Bird 3-7 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden
Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Bebb's Oval Sedge Carex bebbii 2'-3' 1'6" full part Wet to Wet-Mesic Bird 3-4
Deciduous Shrubs
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Saskatoon Serviceberry ref Amelanchier alnifolia 8'-10' 8'-10' full part Mesic May White June-July Blue Black pome fruit Orange Yellow Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement
Regent Serviceberry Amelanchier alnifolia 'Regent' 4'-6' 5'-6' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June White June-July Blue Purple Black pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird 3-7 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Inland Serviceberry Amelanchier interior 15'-30' full part Mesic-Dry to Dry April-June White June-July Purple Black pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird Buckthorn Replacement
Sand (Roundleaf) Serviceberry out Amelanchier sanguinea 6'-8' 6'-8' full part Mesic May White June-July Red Purple pome fruit Yellow Bird 3-4
Running Serviceberry Amelanchier stolonifera 3'-4' 5' full part Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry White June-July Blue Purple pome fruit Yellow Bird 3-4
Bearberry ref Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 6"-1' 2'+ full part Mesic to Dry April-May Pink White Red berry Maroon Bird 2-5 Groundcover
Glossy Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa 4'-6' 4'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-July White July-October Blue Black pome fruit Red Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Native Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa 'Rusk Co.' 5' 5'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-July White July-October Blue Black pome fruit Red Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis 6'-12' 6'-12' full part High to Medium Wet to Mesic June-August White Brown nutlet Yellow Brown Bird Bee 4-5 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden
Silky Dogwood Cornus amomum 6'-12' 6'-12' full High to Medium Wet-Mesic June-July White Blue berry Red Orange Yellow Maroon Bronze Purple Bird 4-5 Ornamental Garden
Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa 8'-12' 6'-10' full part Medium Mesic to Mesic-Dry June-July White August-September White berry Red Maroon Purple Bird 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement
Roundleaf Dogwood Cornus rugosa 6'-10' 8'-12' part shade Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-July White Cream August-September Blue berry Magenta Red Yellow Maroon Bronze Bird 2-5 Buckthorn Replacement
Red-Twigged Dogwood Cornus sericea 6'-12' 6'-12' full part High to Medium Wet-Mesic May-August White White berry Red Yellow Maroon Purple Bird 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Eastern Wahoo Euonymus atropurpurea 12'-20' 15'-20' full part Medium Mesic June Red Purple Maroon August-September Red berry Magenta Red Bird Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Winterberry Ilex verticillata 6'-10' 6'-8' full part High Wet-Mesic May-July Green White Cream Red berry Yellow Maroon Butterfly Bird 3-7 Deer Resistant Ornamental Garden
Swamp Fly Honeysuckle ref Lonicera oblongifolia 3'-4' 3'-4' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June White Cream July-August Red Orange berry Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee Hummingbird 3
Mountain Fly Honeysuckle ref Lonicera villosa 2'-3' 2'-3' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May Yellow White Cream June-July Blue berry Bird 3
Western Sandcherry ref Prunus besseyi 2'-4' 4'-6' part Medium Mesic April-May White July-August Blue Purple Black berry fruit Red Maroon Purple Bird Bee 2-4 Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Eastern Sandcherry out Prunus pumila 4'-6' 4'-6' full part Medium to Low May-June White August Purple Black berry fruit Red Bird 3-4 Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Fragrant Sumac Rhus aromatica 5'-6' 6'-8' full part Medium to Low Mesic to Dry May Yellow Red berry Red Butterfly Bird 4-5 Deer Resistant Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Gro-Low Sumac Rhus aromatica 'Gro-Low' 1'-2' 6'-7' full part Medium to Low Mesic to Dry May Yellow Red berry Red Orange Butterfly Bird 4-5 Deer Resistant Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Smooth Sumac Rhus glabra 6'-8' 10'-12' full Dry June-July Yellow Green July-September Red Red Bird 3-4
Staghorn Sumac Rhus typhina 10'-12' 10'-12' full part Medium to Low June-July Green August-September Red Red Bird 3-5
American Black Currant out Ribes americanum 3'-6' 3'-6' full part High to Medium Wet to Mesic May-June Yellow White Cream July-August Purple Black berry fruit Red Orange Bird Bee 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Pasture (Prickly) Gooseberry out Ribes cynosbati 3'-6' 3'-6' full part Medium July-August White July-August Purple Black berry fruit Yellow Maroon Bronze Purple Bird Bee 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
Missouri Gooseberry Ribes missouriensis 3'-6' 3'-6' full part shade Medium to Low Mesic to Dry April-June Green White Cream July-August Purple Black berry fruit Magenta Red Orange Yellow Maroon Purple Bird Bee 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
Carolina Rose Rosa carolina 2'-3' 6'-7' full part Low Wet-Mesic to Dry May-June Pink Red hip fruit, flowers Red Orange Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee Bumblebee 3-6 Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Highbush Blackberry ref Rubus allegheniensis 3'-6' 6'-12' full part May-June White July-August Black berry fruit Red Orange Maroon Bird 3-4
Northern Raspberry Rubus idaeus canadensis 3'-6' 6'-12' full part Medium White July-August Red berry fruit Red Yellow Maroon Purple Bird Bee 4
Black Raspberry ref Rubus occidentalis full part White July-August Purple Black berry fruit Orange Yellow Bird Bee Buckthorn Replacement
Thimbleberry low Rubus parviflorus 4'-6' 3'+ part Wet-Mesic White July-August Red berry fruit Red Orange Yellow Maroon Bronze Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement
Creeping Dewberry ref Rubus spp. 6"-1' 1'+ part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic White July-August berry fruit Bird 3-5 Groundcover
Pussy Willow Salix discolor 15'-20' 10'-12' full Medium Wet to Wet-Mesic April-May Green Silver Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee 2-5 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Prairie Willow Salix humilis microphyllus 3'-6' 3'-6' full High Wet to Dry March-May Yellow Green Purple Brown Brown Yellow Bird Bee Bumblebee 3
American Elder Sambucus canadensis 8'-10' 8'-10' full Wet to Mesic-Dry June White August-September Blue Purple Black berry fruit, flowers Yellow Bird 3-7 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Red-Berried Elder Sambucus pubens 10'-12' 10'-12' full part High Wet-Mesic May-June White Cream June-August Red Orange berry Yellow Butterfly Bird Hummingbird 4-6 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Silver Buffaloberry Shepherdia argentea 8'-10' 8'-10' full Wet-Mesic to Mesic Yellow August-September Red drupe fruit Yellow Bird 2-5 Deer Resistant
White Snowberry Symphoricarpos albus 3'-4' 4'-5' full part Medium to Low Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-July White September-November White berry Yellow Moth Bird 2-5 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Wolfberry out Symphoricarpos occidentalis 2'-4' 4'-6' full Medium Mesic June-July Pink White September-October White berry Yellow Bird 3-5 Ornamental Garden
Red Snowberry / Coralberry Symphoricarpos orbiculatus 3'-4' 4'-6' full part Wet to Dry Green White Pink Magenta Red berry Yellow Bird 2-7 Ornamental Garden
Common Lowbush Blueberry Vaccinium angustifolium 1'-2' 1'-2' full part Medium Mesic May-June White July-September Blue berry fruit Red Maroon Bird Bee 2-3 Groundcover
Arrowwood Viburnum Viburnum dentatum 6'-10' 6'-10' full part Medium Wet-Mesic May-June White Blue Black berry Magenta Red Orange Yellow Maroon Butterfly Bird 2-8 Ornamental Garden
Nannyberry Viburnum Viburnum lentago 12'-20' 8'-20' full part Medium Mesic May-June White August-September Black berry fruit Maroon Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Downy Arrowwood Viburnum out Viburnum rafinesquianum 6'-8' 6'-8' full part Mesic to Dry May White August-September Blue Black berry Red Orange Bird 3-4 Ornamental Garden
American Highbush Cranberry Viburnum trilobum 6'-10' 6'-10' full part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June White September-February Red berry fruit Red Maroon Beetle Bird Fly Bee 2-5 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Deciduous Trees
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Speckled Alder Alnus rugosa 15'-20' 15'-20' full part Wet to Mesic March-May July-October Brown samara Yellow Bird 2-5 Buckthorn Replacement
Downy Serviceberry Amelanchier arborea 15'-25' 10'-15' full part Mesic to Dry April-May White June-July Red Blue Purple Black pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird 3 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Allegheny Serviceberry Amelanchier laevis 15'-25' 10'-15' full part Medium Mesic April-May White June-July Red Purple pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Apple Serviceberry ref Amelanchier x grandiflora White Red pome fruit Bird Ornamental Garden
Autumn Brilliance Serviceberry Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Autumn Brilliance' 15'-25' 15'-25' full part Medium April White Red pome fruit Red Orange Bird Ornamental Garden
Northern Catalpa Catalpa speciosa 40'-60' 20'-40' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry White Brown pod Yellow Brown Bronze Bird 4-8 Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Hackberry Celtis occidentalis 50'-75' 50'-75' full part Medium to Low Mesic to Dry April-May Yellow Green August-September Red Purple Brown drupe Yellow Bird 3-5 Shade Tree
Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia 15'-20' 20'-25' full part shade Medium Mesic White Black berry Red Maroon Purple Bird 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Cockspur Hawthorn out Crataegus crus-galli 20'-30' 20'-30' full Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic White Red berry fruit Red Bird 4-6 Ornamental Garden
Fleshy (Long-Thorned) Hawthorn ref Crataegus macracantha 6'-20' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June White Red pome fruit Orange Yellow Bronze Bird Buckthorn Replacement
Downy Hawthorn ref Crataegus mollis 20'-35' 25' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic White Red Orange Yellow pome Red Yellow Maroon Bronze Bird
Sweet Crabapple Malus coronaria 15'-30' 20'-30' full part Medium Wet-Mesic Pink White Yellow Green pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bronze Bird 4-7 Fragrant Garden
Prairie Crab Malus ioensis 20'-35' 20'-35' full Low Wet-Mesic to Dry Pink Yellow Green pome fruit Red Green Maroon Bird 4-5 Fragrant Garden
Red Mulberry ref Morus rubra June-August Red Purple Black berry fruit Yellow Bird
American Sycamore Platanus occidentalis 75'-100' 50' full part High Wet-Mesic March-April Red Yellow Green Brown Orange Brown Brown Bird 5-9 Deer Resistant
American Plum Prunus americana 20'-35' 20'-35' full Medium Mesic White August-September Red Purple drupe fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird Bee 3-7 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
Pin Cherry (Fire Cherry) Prunus pensylvanica 20'-35' 10'-20' full High to Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-June White July-August Red drupe fruit Red Orange Bird 2 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Wild Black Cherry Prunus serotina 50'-60' 23'-30' full part High to Low Wet-Mesic to Dry White August-September Black drupe fruit Orange Yellow Bird 3-7 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree Fragrant Garden
Common Chokecherry Prunus virginiana 20'-35' 12'-15' full part Medium to Low Wet-Mesic to Dry August-September White Purple Black drupe fruit Orange Yellow Bird 2-5 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
Showy Mountain Ash Sorbus decora 20'-35' 15'-25' full High to Medium Wet to Mesic White Red Orange pome Red Orange Yellow Bird 2-4 Ornamental Garden
Prickly Ash out Zanthoxylum americanum 10'-35' 10'-20' full Mesic to Dry April-May Yellow Green Red berry Orange Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee 3-5 Deer Resistant
Vines
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
American Bittersweet Celastrus scandens 3'-35' 6'-12' full part Mesic to Dry May-June Green White September-October Orange Yellow berry Yellow Bird 2-4 Deer Resistant
Red Vine Honeysuckle out Lonicera dioica 5'-10' part shade Wet-Mesic to Dry May-June Red Red Orange berry Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee Groundcover
Yellow Vine Honeysuckle Lonicera prolifera 10'-15' 4'-8' full part shade Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June Yellow Cream Red Orange berry Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 4 Groundcover
Woodbine out Parthenocissus inserta 12'-20' 3'-6' part shade Medium Green Blue Black berry Red Bird 3-8 Deer Resistant Groundcover
Virginia Creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia 50' full part shade Low Wet-Mesic May-June Green September Blue Black berry Red Maroon Bird 2-6 Deer Resistant Groundcover
Riverbank Grape Vitis riparia 35'-75' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry May-June August-September Blue Purple berry fruit Yellow Bird 2-6 Deer Resistant
Wildflowers
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Fragrant Hyssop Agastache foeniculum 2'-4' 1'-2' full part Mesic to Dry June-August Purple Violet Lavender leaves Butterfly Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird 3-5 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Wild Columbine Aquilegia canadensis 1'-3' 1' full part Mesic to Dry April-May Red Yellow Butterfly Bird Hummingbird 3-4
Marsh/Red Milkweed Asclepias incarnata 3'-4' 1' full Wet to Mesic July Pink pod Yellow Maroon Purple Butterfly Beetle Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee 3-5 Fragrant Garden
Common Milkweed ref Asclepias syriaca 2'-6' 1'+ full Medium to Low June-August Pink Yellow Green pod Yellow Butterfly Moth Beetle Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee Fragrant Garden
White Indigo Baptisia alba 4' 2' full part Mesic to Mesic-Dry June-July White Green Black pod Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 4 Rabbit Resistant
Blue Indigo Baptisia australis 3'-4' 3' full part Wet-Mesic June-July Blue Violet Green Black pod Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 4-7 Rabbit Resistant
Downy Wood Mint out Blephilia ciliata 1' 10"-1'6" full part Mesic to Dry June-July Purple Lavender Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 4-8 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Hairy Wood Mint Blephilia hirsuta 1'4"-2'6" 1'+ part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic June-September Purple White Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
White Turtlehead out Chelone glabra 2'-3' 1' full Mesic August-September White Cream Butterfly Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 3-7
Lance-leaf Coreopsis Coreopsis lanceolata 1'6"-3' 1' full Low Mesic to Dry May-July Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee Bumblebee
Narrow-leaved Coneflower Echinacea angustifolia 2'-3' 1'-1'6" full part Low Dry June-July Pink Butterfly Bird
Pale Purple Coneflower Echinacea pallida 3'-4' 1'-1'6" full part Mesic to Dry June-July Pink Butterfly Bird 4-5
Purple Coneflower ref Echinacea purpurea 3'-4' 1' full part Mesic to Dry August-September Pink Butterfly Bird Bee 3-5
Western Sunflower Helianthus occidentalis 2'-4' 1'+ full part Mesic to Dry July-September Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee
Stiff Sunflower Helianthus pauciflorus 2'-6' 1'6"+ full Mesic to Dry July-September Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee
Halberdleaf Rosemallow Hibiscus laevis 3'-5' 2'-3' full part High to Medium Wet to Wet-Mesic July-September Pink White Bird Hummingbird Ornamental Garden
Northern Blue Flag Iris Iris versicolor 2'-3' 1'+ full Wet to Wet-Mesic June-July Blue Lavender Bird Hummingbird 3
Marsh Blazingstar out Liatris spicata 3'-5' 1'-2' full part Wet to Mesic July-September Pink Magenta Purple Butterfly Bird
Michigan Lily ref Lilium michiganense 4'-5' 1'6"+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic July Orange Bird 3-4
Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis 2'-4' 8"-1' full part High to Medium Wet to Mesic July-September Red Butterfly Bird Hummingbird 3-5
Great Blue Lobelia Lobelia siphilitica 1'-3' 1' full part Wet to Mesic August-October Blue Purple Bird Bee Hummingbird 4-5
Wild Lupine Lupinus perennis 1'-2' 1'-1'6" full part Mesic-Dry to Dry May-June Blue Purple Yellow Black pod Butterfly Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee
Bee Balm/Wild Bergamot Monarda fistulosa 2'-4' 1'6"+ full part Wet-Mesic to Dry June-August Pink Lavender leaves, flowers Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Dotted Mint/Spotted Bee Balm Monarda punctata 1'6"-3' 1'+ full part Medium to Low Mesic-Dry to Dry July-September Yellow Maroon Lavender Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Glade Mallow Napaea dioica 3'-6' 1'6"-2' full part shade High to Medium Wet-Mesic July-August White Green Brown Black Yellow Bird Hummingbird
Foxglove Penstemon Penstemon digitalis 3'-4' 1' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-July White Red Green Maroon Bird Hummingbird 4-5
Showy Penstemon/Beardtounge Penstemon grandiflorus 2'-4' 1' full Low Mesic to Dry May-June Pink Lavender Bird Bee Hummingbird 4-5
Purple Prairie Clover Petalostemon purpureum 1'-2' 1' full Low Mesic to Dry July-September Pink Magenta Purple Butterfly Bird Bee 4-5
False Dragonhead / Obedient Plant Physostegia virginiana 2'-3' 2'+ full Wet-Mesic to Mesic June-September Pink Bird Bee 3-4
Yellow (Gray) Headed Coneflower Ratibida pinnata 3'-7' 1'6" full part Low Mesic to Dry June-August Yellow July-September Butterfly Bird 4-7
Wild Petunia Ruellia humilis 1'-1'3" 1' full Mesic to Dry June-September Violet Lavender Yellow Maroon Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 4-5
Early Figwort Scrophularia lanceolata 2'-6' full part shade Medium June-July Pink Orange Green Green Maroon Purple Butterfly Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee Rabbit Resistant
Late Figwort Scrophularia marilandica 2'-10' full part shade July-September Red Green Maroon Butterfly Bird Ant Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee Deer Resistant Rabbit Resistant
Royal Catchfly Silene regia 2'-3' 1' full Mesic to Mesic-Dry July-August Red Bird Hummingbird 4-5
Compass Plant Silphium laciniatum 5'-8' 2' full Mesic to Dry July-September Yellow Butterfly Bird 4
Cup Plant Silphium perfoliatum 6'-8' 2'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic July-September Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 4
Stiff Goldenrod Solidago rigida 4' 2' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry August-October Yellow Red Orange Yellow Maroon Butterfly Beetle Bird Bee Wasp Bumblebee
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata 2'-4' 1' full Wet to Mesic July-September Blue Purple Maroon Purple Butterfly Bird Hummingbird
Hoary Vervain Verbena stricta 3'-4' 1' full Dry July-August Blue Purple Lavender Butterfly Bird Bee Hummingbird 4-5