84 Butterfly Magnets
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Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Prairie Dropseed Sporobolus heterolepis 2'-4' 2' full part Mesic to Dry seeds Butterfly 3-5 Fragrant Garden
Porcupine Grass Stipa spartea 3'-4' 1'6"-2' full part Mesic to Dry May-June Butterfly
Deciduous Shrubs
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Leadplant Amorpha canescens 2'-3' 2'-3' full part Mesic to Dry June-August Purple August-October pod Yellow Butterfly Bee 3-5 Deer Resistant
False Indigo Amorpha fruticosa 8'-10' 10'-12' full part High to Low Wet-Mesic April-July Purple Violet August-September Brown pod Yellow Butterfly Bee 3-5 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden
New Jersey Tea Ceanothus americanus 2'-3' 3'-5' full Mesic-Dry to Dry June-August White August-September Orange Black drupe leaves Yellow Butterfly Bee Deer Bumblebee 3-5 Ornamental Garden
Red Root / Narrow-Leaf New Jersey Tea Ceanothus ovatus 3' 1'6"-3' full part Mesic-Dry to Dry June White June-July Orange Black drupe Yellow Butterfly Bee Deer Bumblebee Ornamental Garden
Winterberry Ilex verticillata 6'-10' 6'-8' full part High Wet-Mesic May-July Green White Cream Red berry Yellow Maroon Butterfly Bird 3-7 Deer Resistant Ornamental Garden
Swamp Fly Honeysuckle ref Lonicera oblongifolia 3'-4' 3'-4' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June White Cream July-August Red Orange berry Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee Hummingbird 3
Fragrant Sumac Rhus aromatica 5'-6' 6'-8' full part Medium to Low Mesic to Dry May Yellow Red berry Red Butterfly Bird 4-5 Deer Resistant Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Gro-Low Sumac Rhus aromatica 'Gro-Low' 1'-2' 6'-7' full part Medium to Low Mesic to Dry May Yellow Red berry Red Orange Butterfly Bird 4-5 Deer Resistant Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Meadow Rose Rosa blanda 3'-6' 6'-8' full part Medium to Low Mesic to Dry June-July Pink July-September Red hip fruit, flowers Red Butterfly Bee Bumblebee 3-4 Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Carolina Rose Rosa carolina 2'-3' 6'-7' full part Low Wet-Mesic to Dry May-June Pink Red hip fruit, flowers Red Orange Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee Bumblebee 3-6 Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Swamp Rose Rosa palustris 5'-8' 5'-8' full part High to Medium Wet-Mesic June-July Pink Red Orange hip fruit, flowers Red Butterfly Bee Bumblebee 3-5 Deer Resistant Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Prairie Rose Rosa setigera 6'-10' 8'-10' full Mesic Pink Red Orange hip fruit, flowers Red Orange Butterfly Bee Bumblebee Deer Resistant Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Pussy Willow Salix discolor 15'-20' 10'-12' full Medium Wet to Wet-Mesic April-May Green Silver Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee 2-5 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Red-Berried Elder Sambucus pubens 10'-12' 10'-12' full part High Wet-Mesic May-June White Cream June-August Red Orange berry Yellow Butterfly Bird Hummingbird 4-6 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Arrowwood Viburnum Viburnum dentatum 6'-10' 6'-10' full part Medium Wet-Mesic May-June White Blue Black berry Magenta Red Orange Yellow Maroon Butterfly Bird 2-8 Ornamental Garden
Deciduous Trees
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Prickly Ash out Zanthoxylum americanum 10'-35' 10'-20' full Mesic to Dry April-May Yellow Green Red berry Orange Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee 3-5 Deer Resistant
Wildflowers
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Fragrant Hyssop Agastache foeniculum 2'-4' 1'-2' full part Mesic to Dry June-August Purple Violet Lavender leaves Butterfly Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird 3-5 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Prairie Pussy Toes Antennaria neglecta 4" 6"+ full part Low Mesic to Dry April-June White Butterfly 3-5 Groundcover
Wild Columbine Aquilegia canadensis 1'-3' 1' full part Mesic to Dry April-May Red Yellow Butterfly Bird Hummingbird 3-4
Poke Milkweed Asclepias exaltata 3'-5' part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic June-August Green White Cream June-August pod Butterfly
Marsh/Red Milkweed Asclepias incarnata 3'-4' 1' full Wet to Mesic July Pink pod Yellow Maroon Purple Butterfly Beetle Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee 3-5 Fragrant Garden
Common Milkweed ref Asclepias syriaca 2'-6' 1'+ full Medium to Low June-August Pink Yellow Green pod Yellow Butterfly Moth Beetle Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee Fragrant Garden
Butterfly Milkweed Asclepias tuberosa 2'-3' 1' full part Mesic to Dry July-August Orange pod Yellow Butterfly Beetle Bee Bumblebee 3-5
Whorled/White Milkweed Asclepias verticillata 2' 6"+ full part Mesic to Dry July-September White pod Yellow Butterfly
Heartleaf Aster low Aster cordifolius 2'-4' 1' part Mesic September-October Blue Lavender Butterfly 3-4
Smooth Blue Aster Aster laevis 3'-5' 1'-2' full part Mesic to Dry August-October Blue Lavender leaves Butterfly 3-5
Large-Leaved Aster Aster macrophyllus 2'-3' 1'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic September-October Blue White Lavender Butterfly Groundcover
New England Aster Aster novae-angliae 4'-5' 2' full part Wet-Mesic September-October Magenta Purple Butterfly 4
Aromatic Aster Aster oblongifolius 1'-2' 1'+ full Low Dry September-October Purple Butterfly 4 Fragrant Garden Groundcover
Sky Blue Aster Aster oolentangiensis (azureus) 2'-4' 1' full part Mesic to Dry August-October Blue Lavender Butterfly 4-5
White Upland Aster Aster ptarmicoides 1'-2' 1' full Low Dry July-September White Butterfly 3-5
Silky Aster Aster sericeus 1'-2' 1'6" full Dry August-October Purple Lavender Butterfly 3-4
White Turtlehead out Chelone glabra 2'-3' 1' full Mesic August-September White Cream Butterfly Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 3-7
Lance-leaf Coreopsis Coreopsis lanceolata 1'6"-3' 1' full Low Mesic to Dry May-July Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee Bumblebee
Narrow-leaved Coneflower Echinacea angustifolia 2'-3' 1'-1'6" full part Low Dry June-July Pink Butterfly Bird
Pale Purple Coneflower Echinacea pallida 3'-4' 1'-1'6" full part Mesic to Dry June-July Pink Butterfly Bird 4-5
Purple Coneflower ref Echinacea purpurea 3'-4' 1' full part Mesic to Dry August-September Pink Butterfly Bird Bee 3-5
Fireweed Epilobium angustifolium 4'-5' 2'+ full part Mesic July-August Pink Magenta Butterfly 3-4
Rattlesnake Master Eryngium yuccifolium 2'-4' 1' full Medium Wet-Mesic to Dry July-August Green White Butterfly Bee Fragrant Garden
Joe-Pye Weed Eupatorium maculatum 4'-6' 2' full part Wet to Mesic July Pink Lavender Butterfly Bee 3-5 Fragrant Garden
Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum 3'-4' 1' full Wet to Mesic July-September White Red Yellow Maroon Butterfly Beetle Bee Wasp 3-4
Sweet Joe-Pye Weed Eupatorium purpureum 4'-6' 2' full part Mesic July-September Pink Lavender Butterfly Bee 3-4 Fragrant Garden
Queen of the Prairie out Filipendula rubra 3'-6' 2'+ full part Wet to Wet-Mesic June-August Pink Red Yellow Butterfly 4
Blanket Flower Gaillardia aristata 1'-3' 1'-1'6" full Low Dry May-September Red Yellow Butterfly Bee Ornamental Garden
Western Sunflower Helianthus occidentalis 2'-4' 1'+ full part Mesic to Dry July-September Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee
Stiff Sunflower Helianthus pauciflorus 2'-6' 1'6"+ full Mesic to Dry July-September Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee
Ox-Eye Heliopsis helianthoides 4'-5' 2' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry July-August Yellow Butterfly Bee 3-4
Golden Aster Heterotheca camporum 1'-3' 1'-2' full Mesic to Dry June-September Yellow Butterfly
Hairy False Goldenaster ref Heterotheca villosa 3'-4' 2' full Mesic to Dry June-August Yellow Butterfly 4
Rough Blazingstar Liatris aspera 2'-3' 9" full Mesic to Dry July-October Pink Magenta Purple Butterfly 3-5
Cylindrical Blazingstar ref Liatris cylindracea 1'-2' 9" full Dry August-October Pink Magenta Purple Lavender August-October Butterfly 3-5
Meadow Blazingstar Liatris ligulistylis 3'-5' 1'-2' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry August-September Pink Magenta Purple Butterfly 3-7
Dotted Blazingstar Liatris punctata 1'-2' 6" full Low Dry July-September Pink Magenta Purple Lavender Butterfly 2-5
Prairie Blazingstar Liatris pycnostachya 2'-5' 6"-1' full part Wet to Mesic July-September Pink Magenta Purple July-August Butterfly 3-5
Marsh Blazingstar out Liatris spicata 3'-5' 1'-2' full part Wet to Mesic July-September Pink Magenta Purple Butterfly Bird
Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis 2'-4' 8"-1' full part High to Medium Wet to Mesic July-September Red Butterfly Bird Hummingbird 3-5
Wild Lupine Lupinus perennis 1'-2' 1'-1'6" full part Mesic-Dry to Dry May-June Blue Purple Yellow Black pod Butterfly Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee
Purple Prairie Clover Petalostemon purpureum 1'-2' 1' full Low Mesic to Dry July-September Pink Magenta Purple Butterfly Bird Bee 4-5
Prairie Phlox out Phlox pilosa 2'-3' 1' full Low Mesic to Dry May-June Pink Magenta Butterfly 3-4
Upright Prairie Coneflower Ratibida columnifera 1'-3' full Low Dry June-August Yellow Butterfly Bee
Yellow (Gray) Headed Coneflower Ratibida pinnata 3'-7' 1'6" full part Low Mesic to Dry June-August Yellow July-September Butterfly Bird 4-7
Black-Eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta 1'-3' 1' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry June-October Yellow Butterfly 3-5
Green-headed Coneflower Rudbeckia laciniata 7'-8' 2'+ full part Medium Wet-Mesic July-September Yellow Butterfly
Sweet Black-Eyed Susan Rudbeckia subtomentosa 3'-5' 1'-1'6" full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic August-October Yellow Butterfly 4-5 Fragrant Garden
Early Figwort Scrophularia lanceolata 2'-6' full part shade Medium June-July Pink Orange Green Green Maroon Purple Butterfly Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee Rabbit Resistant
Late Figwort Scrophularia marilandica 2'-10' full part shade July-September Red Green Maroon Butterfly Bird Ant Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee Deer Resistant Rabbit Resistant
Compass Plant Silphium laciniatum 5'-8' 2' full Mesic to Dry July-September Yellow Butterfly Bird 4
Cup Plant Silphium perfoliatum 6'-8' 2'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic July-September Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee Hummingbird Bumblebee 4
Prairie Dock out Silphium terebinthinaceum 2'-12' 1'-3' full Medium to Low Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry August-October Yellow Butterfly
Zig-Zag Goldenrod Solidago flexicaulis 2'-3' 1'6"+ full part shade Mesic to Dry August-September Yellow Butterfly Bee Wasp Bumblebee 4
Stiff Goldenrod Solidago rigida 4' 2' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry August-October Yellow Red Orange Yellow Maroon Butterfly Beetle Bird Bee Wasp Bumblebee
Elm Leaf Goldenrod Solidago ulmifolia 1'-3' 1'-2' full part Medium to Low Mesic to Mesic-Dry July-October Yellow Butterfly Bee Wasp Bumblebee
Yellow Pimpernel out Taenidia integerrima 3' 1'-2' full part shade Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-July Yellow Butterfly Deer Resistant
Blue Vervain Verbena hastata 2'-4' 1' full Wet to Mesic July-September Blue Purple Maroon Purple Butterfly Bird Hummingbird
Hoary Vervain Verbena stricta 3'-4' 1' full Dry July-August Blue Purple Lavender Butterfly Bird Bee Hummingbird 4-5
Ironweed Vernonia fasciculata 4'-6' 1'+ full Wet-Mesic July-September Magenta Purple Butterfly Bee 4-5
Culver's Root Veronicastrum virginicum 3'-6' 1'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic July-August White Butterfly Bee 3-5
Birdfoot Violet ref Viola pedata 4"-10" 1' full part Low Dry April-June Purple Violet Lavender flowers Butterfly
Prairie Violet Viola pedatifida 6"-9" 6" full part Medium to Low Mesic May Violet Lavender flowers Butterfly 3-5
Downy Yellow Violet out Viola pubescens 6"-1' 1' part shade Wet-Mesic April-May Yellow flowers Butterfly 3-5 Groundcover
Heartleaf Golden Alexanders Zizia aptera 1'-3' 1'-1'6" full part Medium to Low Wet-Mesic to Dry May-July Yellow Butterfly
Golden Alexanders Zizia aurea 2'-3' 1' full part Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-June Yellow Butterfly 3-5