70 Edible Garden Selections
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Evergreen Shrubs
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Common Juniper Juniperus communis depressa 2'-5' 10'-20' full Low Dry May-June Blue cone fruit Bronze 3-4 Fragrant Garden
Common Juniper 'Blueberry Delight' Juniperus communis depressa 'AmiDak' 1'-2' 4' full Blue cone fruit Fragrant Garden
Spreading Juniper Juniperus horizontalis 6"-8" 6'-12' full part Medium to Low Blue cone fruit Blue Purple 2-4 Fragrant Garden Groundcover
Evergreen / Coniferous Trees
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana 45' 15'-20' full Medium to Low Blue cone fruit Maroon Purple Bird 3-7 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden
Grasses, Rushes, & Sedges
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Prairie Dropseed Sporobolus heterolepis 2'-4' 2' full part Mesic to Dry seeds Butterfly 3-5 Fragrant Garden
Deciduous Shrubs
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Saskatoon Serviceberry ref Amelanchier alnifolia 8'-10' 8'-10' full part Mesic May White June-July Blue Black pome fruit Orange Yellow Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement
Regent Serviceberry Amelanchier alnifolia 'Regent' 4'-6' 5'-6' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June White June-July Blue Purple Black pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird 3-7 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Inland Serviceberry Amelanchier interior 15'-30' full part Mesic-Dry to Dry April-June White June-July Purple Black pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird Buckthorn Replacement
Sand (Roundleaf) Serviceberry out Amelanchier sanguinea 6'-8' 6'-8' full part Mesic May White June-July Red Purple pome fruit Yellow Bird 3-4
Running Serviceberry Amelanchier stolonifera 3'-4' 5' full part Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry White June-July Blue Purple pome fruit Yellow Bird 3-4
Glossy Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa 4'-6' 4'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-July White July-October Blue Black pome fruit Red Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Native Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa 'Rusk Co.' 5' 5'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-July White July-October Blue Black pome fruit Red Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
New Jersey Tea Ceanothus americanus 2'-3' 3'-5' full Mesic-Dry to Dry June-August White August-September Orange Black drupe leaves Yellow Butterfly Bee Deer Bumblebee 3-5 Ornamental Garden
Sweet Fern Comptonia peregrina 2'-3' 4'+ full part Wet-Mesic to Dry Green Brown nutlet leaves Red Yellow Brown 2-4 Fragrant Garden
Bunchberry ref Cornus canadensis 6"-9" 6"+ part shade May-July White July-October Red berry fruit Red Maroon Purple 2-3 Deer Resistant Groundcover
American Hazelnut Corylus americana 6'-12' 6'-12' full part Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry May Green Brown Maroon August-September Brown nut fruit Red Orange Maroon Bronze 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement
Beaked Hazelnut Corylus cornuta 6'-12' 6'-12' part shade May Brown Maroon August-September Brown nut fruit Yellow 2-3 Buckthorn Replacement
Labrador Tea ref Ledum groenlandicum 3' 3'+ full Wet to Wet-Mesic May-June White leaves Maroon Purple Bee Bumblebee 2-4 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden
Western Sandcherry ref Prunus besseyi 2'-4' 4'-6' part Medium Mesic April-May White July-August Blue Purple Black berry fruit Red Maroon Purple Bird Bee 2-4 Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Eastern Sandcherry out Prunus pumila 4'-6' 4'-6' full part Medium to Low May-June White August Purple Black berry fruit Red Bird 3-4 Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
American Black Currant out Ribes americanum 3'-6' 3'-6' full part High to Medium Wet to Mesic May-June Yellow White Cream July-August Purple Black berry fruit Red Orange Bird Bee 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Pasture (Prickly) Gooseberry out Ribes cynosbati 3'-6' 3'-6' full part Medium July-August White July-August Purple Black berry fruit Yellow Maroon Bronze Purple Bird Bee 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
Missouri Gooseberry Ribes missouriensis 3'-6' 3'-6' full part shade Medium to Low Mesic to Dry April-June Green White Cream July-August Purple Black berry fruit Magenta Red Orange Yellow Maroon Purple Bird Bee 3-5 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
Meadow Rose Rosa blanda 3'-6' 6'-8' full part Medium to Low Mesic to Dry June-July Pink July-September Red hip fruit, flowers Red Butterfly Bee Bumblebee 3-4 Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Carolina Rose Rosa carolina 2'-3' 6'-7' full part Low Wet-Mesic to Dry May-June Pink Red hip fruit, flowers Red Orange Yellow Butterfly Bird Bee Bumblebee 3-6 Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Swamp Rose Rosa palustris 5'-8' 5'-8' full part High to Medium Wet-Mesic June-July Pink Red Orange hip fruit, flowers Red Butterfly Bee Bumblebee 3-5 Deer Resistant Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Prairie Rose Rosa setigera 6'-10' 8'-10' full Mesic Pink Red Orange hip fruit, flowers Red Orange Butterfly Bee Bumblebee Deer Resistant Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Highbush Blackberry ref Rubus allegheniensis 3'-6' 6'-12' full part May-June White July-August Black berry fruit Red Orange Maroon Bird 3-4
Northern Raspberry Rubus idaeus canadensis 3'-6' 6'-12' full part Medium White July-August Red berry fruit Red Yellow Maroon Purple Bird Bee 4
Black Raspberry ref Rubus occidentalis full part White July-August Purple Black berry fruit Orange Yellow Bird Bee Buckthorn Replacement
Thimbleberry low Rubus parviflorus 4'-6' 3'+ part Wet-Mesic White July-August Red berry fruit Red Orange Yellow Maroon Bronze Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement
Creeping Dewberry ref Rubus spp. 6"-1' 1'+ part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic White July-August berry fruit Bird 3-5 Groundcover
Shining Willow ref Salix lucida 12'-18' 12'-18' full Wet to Wet-Mesic leaves 2-5 Deer Resistant
American Elder Sambucus canadensis 8'-10' 8'-10' full Wet to Mesic-Dry June White August-September Blue Purple Black berry fruit, flowers Yellow Bird 3-7 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Silver Buffaloberry Shepherdia argentea 8'-10' 8'-10' full Wet-Mesic to Mesic Yellow August-September Red drupe fruit Yellow Bird 2-5 Deer Resistant
Common Lowbush Blueberry Vaccinium angustifolium 1'-2' 1'-2' full part Medium Mesic May-June White July-September Blue berry fruit Red Maroon Bird Bee 2-3 Groundcover
Nannyberry Viburnum Viburnum lentago 12'-20' 8'-20' full part Medium Mesic May-June White August-September Black berry fruit Maroon Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
American Highbush Cranberry Viburnum trilobum 6'-10' 6'-10' full part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June White September-February Red berry fruit Red Maroon Beetle Bird Fly Bee 2-5 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Deciduous Trees
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Sugar Maple Acer saccharum 60' 40'-50' full part Medium Wet-Mesic April-June Yellow August-October samara sap Red Orange Yellow 3-5 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree
Black Sugar Maple Acer saccharum nigrum 60'-75' 40'-60' full part Medium Wet-Mesic to Dry April-May Yellow September-October samara sap Red Orange Yellow 4-8 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree
Downy Serviceberry Amelanchier arborea 15'-25' 10'-15' full part Mesic to Dry April-May White June-July Red Blue Purple Black pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird 3 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Allegheny Serviceberry Amelanchier laevis 15'-25' 10'-15' full part Medium Mesic April-May White June-July Red Purple pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird 3-4 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden
Apple Serviceberry ref Amelanchier x grandiflora White Red pome fruit Bird Ornamental Garden
Autumn Brilliance Serviceberry Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Autumn Brilliance' 15'-25' 15'-25' full part Medium April White Red pome fruit Red Orange Bird Ornamental Garden
Shagbark Hickory Carya ovata 50'-75' 25'-35' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry May-June August-September nut fruit Yellow Bronze 4-7
Cockspur Hawthorn out Crataegus crus-galli 20'-30' 20'-30' full Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic White Red berry fruit Red Bird 4-6 Ornamental Garden
Fleshy (Long-Thorned) Hawthorn ref Crataegus macracantha 6'-20' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic May-June White Red pome fruit Orange Yellow Bronze Bird Buckthorn Replacement
Butternut Juglans cinerea 40'-60' 30'-50' full Wet-Mesic to Mesic Yellow Green September-October Yellow nut fruit Yellow Brown Bronze 3-7
Black Walnut Juglans nigra 50'-75' 50'-75' full Medium Wet-Mesic Yellow Green September-October Green Brown nut fruit Yellow 4-7
Sweet Crabapple Malus coronaria 15'-30' 20'-30' full part Medium Wet-Mesic Pink White Yellow Green pome fruit Red Orange Yellow Bronze Bird 4-7 Fragrant Garden
Prairie Crab Malus ioensis 20'-35' 20'-35' full Low Wet-Mesic to Dry Pink Yellow Green pome fruit Red Green Maroon Bird 4-5 Fragrant Garden
Red Mulberry ref Morus rubra June-August Red Purple Black berry fruit Yellow Bird
American Plum Prunus americana 20'-35' 20'-35' full Medium Mesic White August-September Red Purple drupe fruit Red Orange Yellow Bird Bee 3-7 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
Pin Cherry (Fire Cherry) Prunus pensylvanica 20'-35' 10'-20' full High to Medium Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-June White July-August Red drupe fruit Red Orange Bird 2 Buckthorn Replacement Ornamental Garden Fragrant Garden
Wild Black Cherry Prunus serotina 50'-60' 23'-30' full part High to Low Wet-Mesic to Dry White August-September Black drupe fruit Orange Yellow Bird 3-7 Deer Resistant Buckthorn Replacement Shade Tree Fragrant Garden
Common Chokecherry Prunus virginiana 20'-35' 12'-15' full part Medium to Low Wet-Mesic to Dry August-September White Purple Black drupe fruit Orange Yellow Bird 2-5 Buckthorn Replacement Fragrant Garden
Chinquapin (Chinkapin) Oak Quercus muehlenbergii 40'-60' 50'-70' full Medium to Low Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry April Yellow Green nut fruit Yellow Brown Shade Tree
Vines
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Riverbank Grape Vitis riparia 35'-75' full part Wet-Mesic to Dry May-June August-September Blue Purple berry fruit Yellow Bird 2-6 Deer Resistant
Wildflowers
Species Photo Common Name Scientific Name Height Width Sun Water Use Moisture Bloom Period Flower Color Fruit Period Fruit Color Fruit Type Edible Parts Fall Color Wildlife Zone Recommended
Fragrant Hyssop Agastache foeniculum 2'-4' 1'-2' full part Mesic to Dry June-August Purple Violet Lavender leaves Butterfly Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird 3-5 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Nodding Onion Allium cernuum 1'-2' 6"-1' full part July-August Pink leaves, shoots, bulbs Bee Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Prairie Onion Allium stellatum 1'-1'4" 4"-8" full part Mesic to Dry July-August Pink leaves, shoots, bulbs Bee 3-5 Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Wild Leek Allium tricoccum 8" 4"-8" part shade Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry June-July White leaves, shoots, bulbs Deer Resistant Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Smooth Blue Aster Aster laevis 3'-5' 1'-2' full part Mesic to Dry August-October Blue Lavender leaves Butterfly 3-5
Ground Plum Astragalus crassicarpus 6"-1' 1' full Low Dry April-May Pink Magenta Purple Red Purple pod fruit Groundcover
Wild Hyacinth Camassia scilloides 2' 8"-1' full part Wet-Mesic to Mesic-Dry May-June Blue bulbs 4-8
Wild Strawberry Fragaria virginiana 6" 8"+ full Mesic to Dry April-May White June-July Red fruit Red Maroon 3-5 Groundcover
Bee Balm/Wild Bergamot Monarda fistulosa 2'-4' 1'6"+ full part Wet-Mesic to Dry June-August Pink Lavender leaves, flowers Bird Bee Wasp Hummingbird Bumblebee Fragrant Garden Rabbit Resistant
Birdfoot Violet ref Viola pedata 4"-10" 1' full part Low Dry April-June Purple Violet Lavender flowers Butterfly
Prairie Violet Viola pedatifida 6"-9" 6" full part Medium to Low Mesic May Violet Lavender flowers Butterfly 3-5
Downy Yellow Violet out Viola pubescens 6"-1' 1' part shade Wet-Mesic April-May Yellow flowers Butterfly 3-5 Groundcover